HOMILY OF THE HOLY FATHER
Jordan – Amman Stadium,
Tuesday, 21 March 2000
“A voice cries out: In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord! Make straight in the desert a highway for our God!”
Your Beatitude, Brother Bishops and Priests,
Brothers and Sisters,
1. The words of the Prophet Isaiah, which the Evangelist applies to John the Baptist, remind us of the path which God
has traced through time in his desire to teach and save his people. Today, as part of my Jubilee Pilgrimage to pray in
some of the places connected with God’s saving interventions, Divine Providence has brought me to Jordan. I greet His
Beatitude Michel Sabbah and thank him for his kind words of welcome. I cordially embrace the Greek Melkite Exarch
Georges El-Murr and all the members of the Assembly of the Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land, as well as the
representatives of the other Churches and Ecclesial Communities. I am grateful to the civil authorities who have wished
to honour our celebration with their presence.
The Successor of Peter is a pilgrim in this land blessed by the presence of Moses and Elijah, where Jesus himself taught
and worked miracles (cf. Mk 10:1; Jn 10:40-42), where the early Church bore witness in the lives of many saints and
martyrs. In this year of the Great Jubilee the whole Church, and especially today the Christian community of Jordan, are
spiritually united in a pilgrimage to the origins of our faith, a pilgrimage of conversion and penance, of
reconciliation and peace.
We look for a guide to show us the way. And there comes to meet us the figure of John the Baptist, a voice that cries in
the wilderness (cf. Lk 3:4). He will set us on the road that we must take if our eyes are to “see the salvation of God”
(Lk 3:6). Guided by him, we make our journey of faith in order to see more clearly the salvation which God has
accomplished through a history stretching back to Abraham. John the Baptist was the last of the line of Prophets who
kept alive and nurtured the hope of God’s People. In him the time of fulfilment was at hand.
2. The seed of this hope was the promise made to Abraham when he was called to leave all that was familiar and follow a
God he had not known (cf. Gen 12:1-3). Despite his wealth, Abraham was a man living in the shadow of death, for he had
no son or land of his own (cf. Gen 15:2). The promise seemed a vain one, for Sarah was barren and the land was in other
hands. But still Abraham put his faith in God; “he believed, hoping against hope” (Rom 4:18).
However impossible it seemed, Isaac was born to Sarah, and Abraham received a land. And through Abraham and his
descendants the promise became a blessing to “all the families of the earth” (Gen 12:3; 18:18).
3. That promise was sealed when God spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai. What passed between Moses and God on the holy
mountain shaped the subsequent history of salvation as a Covenant of love between God and man – a Covenant which demands
obedience but promises liberation. The Ten Commandments etched in stone on Sinai – but written on the human heart from
the beginning of creation – are the divine pedagogy of love, indicating the only sure path to the fulfilment of our
deepest longing: the human spirit’s irrepressible search for goodness, truth and harmony.
For forty years the people wandered until they arrived in this land. Moses, “whom the Lord knew face to face” (Dt 34:10)
would die on Mount Nebo and be buried “in the valley of the land of Moab . . . though no one knows the place of his
burial to this day” (Dt 34:5-6). But the Covenant and the Law he received from God live on for ever.
From time to time the Prophets had to defend the Law and the Covenant against those who set human rules and regulations
above God’s will, and therefore imposed a new slavery upon the people (cf. Mk 6:17-18). The city of Amman itself –
Rabbah in the Old Testament – recalls the sin of King David in causing the death of Uriah and taking his wife Bathsheba,
for it was here that Uriah fell (2 Sam 11:1-17). “They will fight against you”, God says to Jeremiah in the First
Reading we have listened to today, “but they will not prevail against you, for I am with you . . . to deliver you” (Jer
1:19). For denouncing failures to keep the Covenant, there were Prophets, including the Baptist, who paid with their
blood. But because of the divine promise – “I am with you . . . to deliver you” – they stood firm as “a fortified city,
an iron pillar and bronze walls” (Jer 1:18), proclaiming the Law of life and salvation, the love which never fails.
4. In the fullness of time, at the River Jordan John the Baptist points to Jesus, the one upon whom the Holy Spirit
descends like a dove (cf. Lk 3:22), the one who baptizes not with water but “with the Holy Spirit and with fire” (Lk
3:16). The heavens are opened and we hear the Father’s voice: “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased” (Mt
3:17). In him, the Son of God, the promise made to Abraham and the Law given to Moses are fulfilled.
Jesus is the realization of the promise. His death on the Cross and his Resurrection lead to the definitive victory of
life over death. Through the Resurrection the gates of Paradise are thrown open, and we may walk once again in the
Garden of Life. In the Risen Christ we obtain “the mercy promised to our fathers, to Abraham and his children for ever”
Jesus is the fulfilment of the Law. The Risen Christ alone reveals the full meaning of all that happened at the Red Sea
and Mount Sinai. He reveals the true nature of the Promised Land, where “death shall be no more” (Rev 21:4). Because he
is “the firstborn from the dead” (Col 1:18), the Risen Lord is the goal of all our journeying: “the Alpha and the Omega,
the first and the last, the beginning and the end” (Rev 22:13).
5. During the last five years, the Church in this region has been celebrating the Pastoral Synod of the Churches in the
Holy Land. All the Catholic Churches together have walked with Jesus and heard his call anew, setting out the path ahead
in a General Pastoral Plan. At this solemn Liturgy I gladly receive the fruits of the Synod as a sign of your renewed
faith and generous commitment. The Synod has involved a deeply felt experience of communion with the Lord, and also of
intense ecclesial communion, like the disciples gathered around the Apostles at the Church’s birth (cf. Acts 2:42;
4:32). The Synod has made clear that your future lies in unity and solidarity. I pray today, and I invite the whole
Church to pray with me, that the Synod’s work will bring a strengthening of the bonds of fellowship and cooperation
between the local Catholic communities in all their rich variety, between all the Christian Churches and Ecclesial
Communities, and between Christians and the other great religions which flourish here. May the resources of the Church –
the families, parishes, schools, lay associations, youth movements – set unity and love as their supreme goal. There is
no more effective way to be involved socially, professionally and politically, above all in the work of justice,
reconciliation and peace, which is what the Synod called for.
To the Bishops and priests, I say: Be good shepherds according to the Heart of Christ! Guide the flock entrusted to you
along the path that leads to the green pastures of his Kingdom! Strengthen the pastoral life of your communities through
a new and more dynamic collaboration with the religious and laity. Amid the difficulties of your ministry, put your
trust in the Lord. Grow closer to him in prayer, and he will be your light and joy. The whole Church thanks you for your
dedication and for the mission of faith you carry out in your dioceses and parishes.
To the Religious women and men, I express the Church’s immense gratitude for your witness to the supremacy of God in all
things! Continue to shine forth as beacons of the evangelical love which overcomes all barriers! To the laity I say: Do
not be afraid to take your proper place and responsibility in the Church! Be brave witnesses to the Gospel in your
families and in society!
On this Mother’s Day in Jordan, I congratulate the mothers present here, and invite all mothers to be builders of a new
civilization of love. Love your families. Teach them the dignity of all life; teach them the ways of harmony and peace;
teach them the value of faith and prayer and goodness! Dear young people, the path of life is opening up before you.
Build your future on the solid foundation of God’s love, and remain ever united in Christ’s Church! Help to transform
the world around you, by giving the best of yourselves in the service of others and of your country.
And to the children making their First Holy Communion, I say: Jesus is your best friend; he knows what is in your
hearts. Stay close to him, and in your prayers remember the Church and the Pope.
6. In this year of the Great Jubilee, the whole pilgrim people of God returns in spirit to the places connected with the
history of our salvation. After following in the footsteps of Abraham and Moses, our pilgrimage has now reached the
lands where our Saviour Jesus Christ lived and travelled during his earthly life. “In many and various ways God spoke of
old to our fathers by the prophets; but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son” (Heb 1:1-2). In the Son all the
promises were fulfilled. He is the Redemptor Hominis, the Redeemer of man, the hope of the world! Keeping all this
before you, let the whole Christian community of Jordan be ever more steadfast in faith and generous in works of loving
May the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church, guide and protect you on the way! Amen.
In the Gospel of Saint Luke we read that “the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness; and he
went into all the region about the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins” (3:2-3). Here,
at the River Jordan, where both banks are visited by hosts of pilgrims honouring the Baptism of the Lord, I too lift up
my heart in prayer:
Glory to you, O Father, God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob!
You sent your servants the Prophets
to speak your word of faithful love
and call your people to repentance.
On the banks of the River Jordan,
you raised up John the Baptist,
a voice crying in the wilderness,
sent through all the region of the Jordan
to prepare the way of the Lord,
to herald the coming of Jesus.
Glory to you, O Christ, Son of God!
To the waters of the Jordan you came
to be baptized by the hand of John.
Upon you the Spirit descended as a dove.
Above you the heavens opened,
and the voice of the Father was heard:
“This is my Son, the Beloved!”
From the river blessed by your presence
you went forth to baptize not only with water
but with fire and the Holy Spirit.
Glory to you, O Holy Spirit, Lord and Giver of life!
By your power, the Church is baptized,
going down with Christ into death
and rising with him to new life.
By your power, we are set free from sin
to become the children of God,
the glorious Body of Christ.
By your power, all fear is vanquished,
and the Gospel of love is preached
in every corner of the earth,
to the glory of God,
the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit,
to whom be all praise in this Jubilee year
and in every age to come. Amen.