R 181930Z DEC 08
FM AMCONSUL BARCELONA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1066
INFO AMEMBASSY MADRID
EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
NCTC WASHINGTON DC
UNCLAS BARCELONA 000132
STATE FOR S/CT (RSHORE) AND TO EUR/WE (ESAMSON/SZARDECKI)
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PTER ASEC EFIN KCRM KHLS AEMR AN
SUBJECT: ANDORRA: 2008 COUNTRY REPORT ON TERRORISM
REF: STATE 120019
1. (U) As requested in REFTEL, Post's submission for the "2008
Country Reports on Terrorism follows in paragraph 2. POC for
the CRT for Andorra is Todd D. Robinson. Tel number
34-93-280-2227 e-mail: HYPERLINK "mailto:RobinsonTD3@state.gov"
2. (U) Andorra continues to be a supportive partner in the
global war on terrorism and its government has expressed
interest in exchanging terrorist screening information pursuant
to HSPD 6. The government has worked to build law enforcement
capacity, enhance border security, and combat money laundering
and terrorist financing. Changes from previous year's reports
are few as no significant domestic or international-related
terrorism occurred in the country in 2008. The government of
Andorra is neither a sponsor of terrorism nor does it provide
safe haven to terrorist organizations.
After September 11, 2001, the government of Andorra signed three
conventions in the Council of Europe (Convention on the
Suppression of Terrorism, the Criminal Law Convention on
Corruption and the Civil Law Convention on Corruption) and two
conventions in the United Nations (International convention on
Suppression of the Finance of Terrorism and the Convention
against Transnational Organized Crime), all still pending
ratification. The government of Andorra continues to point to
staff shortage for translations and other bureaucratic obstacles
to ratification by Parliament. Nonetheless, the Andorran
government insists ratification will take place within the
current parliamentary term.
Andorra joined the GRECO (Group of States Against Corruption) on
January 26, 2005. Andorra is also member of Moneyval, the
Council of Europe's group to fight money laundering. Since
March 2003, Andorra is a signatory to the Geneva Convention on
the prohibition of developing, producing, storage, and use of
chemical weapons and also on their destruction.
In September 2006, the Council of Ministers approved the
ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Terrorism
prevention signed by the Andorrans in Warsaw on May 16, 2005.
The Andorran Parliament ratified it in November 2007.
The Money Laundering Prevention Unit, a governmental
organization aimed at detecting criminal organizations in the
Principality, works closely with the U.S. Treasury Department's
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FINCEN) and the Egmont
Group. Andorra does not have a stock exchange or casinos.
Securities and real estate are very controlled and have to
declared as sources of income.
In September 2005, a new Penal Code came into force. The Penal
Code's article on terrorism increased punishment for terrorist
individuals or groups to twenty years in prison, if found
guilty. Penalties for money laundering and organized crime have
also been increased.
The government of Andorra cooperation with U.S. antiterrorism
efforts is marked by efforts to combat terrorism financing and
through adherence to international antiterrorism conventions.
The Andorran government sent financial support to the Together
Foundation aimed at helping children affected by the war in the
former Yugoslav Republic. The Andorran government makes a
yearly voluntary contribution to United Nations for the Peace
No U.S. citizen has suffered kidnapping or death in the
preceding five years and no case has arisen in Andorra requiring
government cooperation with the U.S to prevent acts of terrorism
against U.S. citizens in the country.