Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Marta Hurtado
Date: 23 November 2021
Subject: (1) Honduras; (2) Nepal
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Tuesday expressed her deep concern about political
violence in Honduras, which has already claimed 29 lives, and called on the authorities to ensure an environment
conducive to holding peaceful, transparent and genuine elections.
Honduras will hold local, general and presidential elections this coming Sunday, 28 November, in an extremely tense and
polarized context, in which serious attacks and other forms of violence have been documented.
Since primary elections were called in September 2020 up to the present, the UN Human Rights Office in Honduras has
recorded 63 cases of political violence, including 29 killings, 14 attacks, 12 instances of aggressive behaviour, as
well as seven people being directly threatened and one kidnapped.
Full press release available here
Fifteen years ago, a peace deal brought an end to the bitter 10-year conflict in Nepal that left over 13,000 people -
mainly civilians – dead. During the conflict, gross human rights violations were committed by both sides, including
extrajudicial killings, torture, sexual violence and enforced disappearances.
Since then, Nepal has remained at peace, promulgated a new constitution in 2015, and is transitioning into a federal
governance structure. However, we remain deeply concerned at the lack of tangible progress on transitional justice,
which was a key commitment under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed on 21 November 2006.
Successive governments have committed to advancing the transitional justice process through an open, consultative and
victim-centric approach. But these commitments have not been implemented. Concretely, there has been no progress to
amend the transitional justice legal framework in line with Nepal’s obligations under international law and the
principles established by Supreme Court rulings in 2014 and 2015.
The commitments set out in the peace deal included establishing the truth about the conduct of the conflict and ensuring
that victims receive both justice and reparations. But this goal has remained elusive, and repeated attempts to
circumvent the process have resulted in a loss of trust, especially among victims’ groups and civil society.
The Government raised expectations in 2019 that it would organise broad-based consultations with victims’ groups and
civil society, but those hopes were dashed when authorities rushed through consultations in January 2020.
Without a genuine transitional justice process, the needs of the victims will remain unaddressed, and unresolved
grievances will hold Nepal back from the path towards full reconciliation and development.
The UN Human Rights Office played an important role in peacebuilding in Nepal, offering its support and expertise to
advance the transitional justice process in line with international standards. We hope the 15th anniversary of the peace
deal will spur Nepal’s leaders to revitalize the long-stalled transitional justice process and ensure it is in line with
international norms as well as the aspirations and rights of victims.
We urge the Government of Nepal to pursue a truly fair, comprehensive and transparent transitional justice process that
is able to gain the trust of key stakeholders and ensures accountability for grave violations, as well as truth, justice
and reparation for victims.
Such a process would help to prevent the recurrence of the violations and abuses that afflicted the country during the
decade-long conflict and form the basis for lasting peace in Nepal. It would contribute to the realization of the
Sustainable Development Goals in Nepal, in particular SDG16 on peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice for
all, and effective and accountable institutions.