May 14, 2021
Geneva – The Israeli forces last night destroyed full residential areas in the northern Gaza Strip, the
Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor said. The international community must intervene and ensure that Israel obliges
to stop its attack, which challenges the rules of international humanitarian law.
The Israeli Air Force, early on Friday, launched about 450 missiles on the Gaza Strip. Most of these missiles were
concentrated in the northern area of the strip in densely populated areas. The attack killed several civilians and
wounded dozens of others, while dozens of homes, streets and civilian institutions were destroyed.
Last night’s attack was the most violent in the history of the Israeli military’s attacks on Gaza, especially in terms
of the size and intensity of the fire considering the time taken to implement them.
The Israeli artillery forces, stationed south of Ashkelon in the northern Gaza Strip, participated in the violent
bombing campaign. Hundreds of shells were fired towards residential areas in the northern Gaza Strip leaving mass
destruction and dozens of displaced families.
The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) has so far refrained from providing
humanitarian aid to the displaced families who fled to its schools in Jabalia camp, despite it being their duty to
provide necessary aid to the displaced immediately.
According to the Ministry of Health in Gaza, the number of Palestinians killed in the ongoing Israeli military attack
since Monday evening, May 10, 2021, has risen to 122 Palestinians, including 31 children, 20 women and more than 900
The Israeli army’s usage of violent bombing violates the principle of proportionality and distinction. The army also
uses high-intensity fires for intimidation, revenge and the collective punishment of civilians rather than military
The horrific bombing campaign and displacement of civilians from their homes are reminiscent of the 2014 Operation
Protective Edge’s mass displacement of more than half a million Palestinians. At the time, reports made by human rights
experts concluded that such displacement constituted a war crime.
Entire residential buildings and neighborhoods were also destroyed in Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip. The attacks
included the bombing of homes belonging to residents in Al-Bureij camp in the middle of the Gaza Strip, and the city of
Khan Yunis in the south, which caused the death of entire families.
Israel has reused the strategy it used in the previous attacks: deliberately targeting civilian homes and wiping out
residential neighborhoods, without any regard for the rules of international humanitarian law. Israel has been able to
proceed with its violations by taking advantage of the global system's inability to hold it accountable and enjoying an
open balance of impunity.
Article 25 of the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land profits states “The attack or
bombardment, by whatever means, of towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings which are undefended”. Article 53 of the
Fourth Geneva Convention stipulates that “Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property […] is
prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations”.
Destruction of property for no clear military justifications is a grave breach of Article 147 of the Fourth Geneva
Convention and a war crime under the Statute of the International Criminal Court Article 8 (2) (b) (2).
The international community's silence, including the indecisive and negatively idle position of the EU and its member
states towards the ICC investigation into war crimes in the occupied territories, have contributed to Israel's
escalation of violations against Palestinian rights without deterrence.
We are seeing the effects of this negative stance in a multitude of ways, the enforced displacement of Palestinians from
their homes in Sheikh Jarrah; building of additional settlements in Givat Hamatos and Har Homa, which would effectively
render a two-state solution impossible; imposing restrictions on Muslim worshipers access to the al-Aqsa mosque during
Ramadan and installing barriers at the Damascus gate; or maintaining Gaza's suffocating blockade while the pandemic is
ravaging the city.
The official Israeli escalation encouraged extreme right-wing settlers in Israel to intensify their racist attacks on
Palestinians, their farms and properties throughout the West Bank and East Jerusalem, while the Israeli government took
no action to end these increasing attacks.
All those concerned must act decisively to stop the violent and disproportionate Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip and
make every effort to end the military operations, which is claiming more civilian lives every hour.
ICC must monitor the ongoing Israeli violations in the Gaza Strip and include them in their current investigation into
previous violations, and hold the Israeli leaders and soldiers accountable. They cannot escape punishment.