“An immediate human rights response to counter the COVID-19 and the global recession ahead is an urgent priority,” says
GENEVA (20 March 2020) – The best response to a potential economic and social catastrophe provoked by the COVID-19
crisis is to put finance at the service of human rights and to support the less well-off through bold financial
approaches, today said a UN human rights expert.
“Fiscal stimulus and social protection packages aimed directly at those least able to cope with the crisis are essential
to mitigating the devastating consequences of the pandemic,” said Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, the UN Independent Expert on
the effects of foreign debt and human rights. “I call on Governments to consider the introduction of an emergency
universal basic income.”
“I am encouraged that many countries are contemplating large-scale economic stimulus measures. However, these measures
must be carefully designed to make sure that their principal contribution goes well beyond only bailing out large
companies and banks,” he said.
“It is essential that public services are provided free of charge for those who cannot afford them. Debt-servicing
should be suspended for individuals who would otherwise be unable to cope with the public health crisis. Mass evictions
must absolutely be prevented,” the Independent Expert urged.
“Those working in the informal sector, who are self-employed, and who cannot work from home need economic and fiscal
incentives to stay at home. They will otherwise need to go to work and thereby put at risk their personal and family
health and those of the broader community,” he said.
Noting that the global recession that is unfolding can either be an unmitigated disaster or an opportunity for
innovative solutions, the UN expert urged Governments to frame their COVID-19-related economic policies in terms of the
“Guiding Principles on Human Rights Impact Assessment of Economic Reforms
“Over the last years, we have witnessed the adverse consequences of the marketization and privatization of a number of
essential services, including health care and public health. So-called ‘cost-saving’ policies have been implemented in
many countries. These developments must be reversed urgently so that States are able to meet the human rights and fiscal
challenges posed by the COVID-19 crisis,” Bohoslavsky said.
According to the Independent Expert, debt agreements and, property rights (real, personal and intellectual) exist in a
broader legal and social universe in which human rights law should prevail. If duly justified, States are able to take
the necessary economic and legal measures to more effectively face the current health crisis. In particular, no private
economic entitlement should trump public’s rights to health and survival.
The Independent Expert also called on international financial institutions to urgently mobilizing their financial
resources to help countries combatting the pandemic.
“I am deeply concerned by the IMF’s recent response to Venezuela’s request for financial support to cope with the
COVID-19 crisis. IMF’s argument of the lack of ‘clarity’ on Venezuela’s government’s international recognition cannot be
the basis for a decision that gravely endangers the whole of the Venezuelan population, and by extent the whole world.
Such decisions may amount to gross violation of human rights and would require accountability from the institution and
its deciders,” Bohoslavsky said.
“This crisis is an opportunity to reflect on and reverse the ideology according to which economic growth is the only way
forward. In particular, it calls on us to question and change our consumption patterns and behaviours, if we are serious
about trying to ensure the full enjoyment of human rights by all and to protect the environment,” Bohoslavsky concluded.
Mr. Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky (Argentina) was appointed as Independent Expert on the effects of foreign debt and human rights
by the United Nations Human Rights Council on 8 May 2014. He has previously worked as a Sovereign Debt Expert for the
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) where he coordinated an Expert Group on Responsible
Sovereign Lending and Borrowing. He is independent of any government or organization and serves in his individual
The Independent Experts are part of what is known as the Special Procedures
of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system,
is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific
country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures experts work on a voluntary basis;
they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or
organisation and serve in their individual capacity.