Lebanese security services should respect demonstrators’ right to peaceful assembly, says Euro-Med
Geneva - The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor urged the Lebanese security services not to resort to repression
and lethal force and respect the demonstrators’ right to peaceful assembly and allow them to express their views, which
are guaranteed by Article 13 of the Lebanese Constitution, in a statement released on Friday, 18 October.
The Euro-Med said in a statement that it is following the protests in Lebanon despite the government's retreat from
imposing a tax on the use of WhatsApp. However, the organization expressed fears of systematic repression of protests
such as what happened in a previous protest in Lebanon earlier this month.
According to eyewitnesses, large numbers of security forces were deployed near Riad Al Solh Square in front of the Grand
Saray (Palace) and many areas in the Lebanese capital Beirut, where they fired a barrage of tear gas, causing dozens of
protesters to suffocate and faint.
Earlier, the official Lebanese National News Agency (NNA) reported that protesters had blocked several streets in
Beirut, some of which were blocked by burning tires.
In a statement issued on Thursday evening, the General Labor Union in Lebanon called for a strike with the closure of
all public and private institutions and departments, calling for a mass gathering at Riad Al Solh Square at 9 a.m. on
Friday, due to "the deteriorating economic conditions and the high taxes."
Lebanese protesters have been demanding for weeks fighting corruption, adopting reforms and to abolish the quota system
in the country as Lebanon's economy continues to fall sharply.
“Article 13 of the Lebanese constitution guarantees the demonstrators right to peaceful assembly and express their
views, but the protesters should not be involved in any acts of sabotage or assault on public property," said Mohamed
Imad, Euro-Med’s legal researcher.
Imad also stressed that any attack on protesters by the security forces is a clear violation of the Lebanese
Constitution and Lebanon's international obligations, especially Article 21 of the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights, which Lebanon ratified in 1972.
A video received by the Euro-Med showed four members of the Lebanese security services on October 1st attacking a
demonstrator near the headquarters of the Lebanese government after they knocked him down, where they started kicking
him with their feet and beat him with their batons.
The Euro-Med stressed that the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms provide that law enforcement officials
may use force only if other means are ineffective or it is not clear that they will achieve the desired result.
The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor called on the Lebanese legislative, executive and judicial authorities to
prohibit the use of lethal force against protesters in the country and work to resolve economic problems in Lebanon in
order to ensure a decent life for all Lebanese regardless of their sects and beliefs.