Civil society is crucial for sustainable development in Cambodia
GENEVA (8 November 2018) – A UN human rights expert urged the Cambodian Government to work more closely with civil
society groups, and said the best way for the country to achieve a durable peace and sustainable development was to put
human rights at the forefront of policymaking.
“Good governance requires strong and open institutions that function according to human rights principles,” said Rhona
Smith, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia at the end of an 11-day visit to the country.
“That means access to information, transparency, public participation in decision-making, the accountability of
office-bearers and civil servants and access to justice, supported by a free press and a vibrant, free and innovative
Smith drew attention to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), noting that in particular that “SDG16, with its
focus on strong, effective, accountable and inclusive institutions, on transparency and on access to justice provides a
vehicle” to embed human rights principles in the country’s development strategy framework.
While referring to her ongoing concerns in relation to the recent national elections and the shrinking of democratic
space in Cambodia, the Special Rapporteur welcomed the Government’s recent efforts to develop mechanisms to enhance
public participation in law and policy decisions. She also welcomed that the Minister of Interior repealed the October
2017 instruction which had greatly restricted civil society organisations from conducting their activities, and urged
the Government to “ensure the proper implementation of this new instruction at all levels”.
However, she noted that civil society organisations still faced considerable burdens in complying with Cambodia’s
restrictive laws. She encouraged the Government “to undertake a review of the applicable legislative and administrative
framework, in consultation with civil society organisations and the UN, to ensure that regulations meet their aim
without being unduly burdensome, and that they are applied transparently and fairly”.
Smith expressed her concern about lengthy pre-trial detention as well as the length of time taken for trials to take
place. She called for the release of Kem Sokha - the leader of the former Cambodia National Rescue Party which was
dissolved in November 2017 - from restricted detention, and the swift conclusion of the investigation into his case to
ensure his right to a fair trial within a reasonable time or for the charges to be dropped.
Smith noted that steps by the Ministry of Economy and Finance to introduce performance budgeting were encouraging but
stressed more efforts were needed, particularly in the judicial sector. “I call on the Ministry of Justice and judicial
institutions to be more transparent in relation to their operations, to take more steps to combat corruption and to
strengthen judicial independence and impartiality.”
During her visit, the Special Rapporteur also visited Kampong Chhnang province where people living in floating villages
are being relocated to permanent land sites. There was evidence of some good practice, however the Special Rapporteur
still urged the Government ‘to improve the ways in which it addresses the complex issue of land rights, through more
transparency, fairness and by ensuring a holistic approach to settling land disputes and when considering relocation.
Only through this would no one be left behind.”
Smith concluded her visit with a reminder of the central role that respecting human rights plays in achieving
sustainable development. “If Cambodia is to continue on its path of sustainable economic growth, it needs Government
that reflects the will of the people, institutions that respond to people’s rights, and people with the necessary
skills, voice and access to services to participate actively in development and society,” she said. “The Constitution,
human rights standards and SDGs provide the means to do so.”