Monday 20 August 2018
$72 million needed to protect Rohingya refugee women missing out on vital aid
Rohingya women living in Bangladesh are developing health problems, missing out on aid and are at greater risk of abuse
due to unsafe and unsuitable facilities in many parts of the refugee camps, Oxfam warned today.
The international agency called for 15 per cent of new funding to be set aside for humanitarian programs designed to
better support women and girls – including $72 million of the nearly half a billion dollars recently committed by the
World Bank. Currently, there is no standalone budget for meeting women’s specific needs in the overall emergency
The Bangladesh government and agencies have provided emergency aid to more than 700,000 Rohingya people who have arrived
over the past year, but the speed at which the world’s biggest refugee camp sprang up has made it difficult for support
to keep pace.
More than a third of women surveyed by Oxfam and partner agencies said they did not feel safe or comfortable going to
collect water or using toilets and shower cubicles – many of which lack a roof and a lockable door. Half the women and
three quarters of adolescent girls said they didn’t have what they needed to manage their periods, including a
female-only place to wash sanitary cloths without embarrassment.
As a result, women are going hungry and thirsty to avoid needing the toilet as frequently, suffering abdominal pain and
infections by not relieving themselves or using unhygienic sanitary cloths, and resorting to defecation by their tents,
which increases the risk of a major outbreak of disease – especially in the monsoon.
Poor facilities are also increasing the risk of sexual abuse and harassment. Hundreds of incidents of gender-based
violence are reported each week.
Oxfam’s Advocacy Manager in Cox’s Bazar, Dorothy Sang, said: “The breakneck speed at which the Rohingya refugee crisis
unfolded meant that many emergency facilities were installed in a rush and women’s specific needs weren’t considered.
Women and girls are now paying the price in terms of their wellbeing and safety.
“This needs to be rectified urgently with substantial sums set aside to support and protect Rohingya women, such as
lighting to improve safety, toilets and wash rooms that provide privacy, and extra assistance for the most vulnerable.”
Single mothers whose husbands are missing or dead head up one in six families in the Rohingya camps. They face
particular problems, having to take on public roles that challenge cultural and religious assumptions about women’s
place in society. Oxfam is calling for more to be done to support these vulnerable women, such as help collecting aid
packages and more community dialogue about men and women’s traditional roles.
Oxfam is working with local organisations and refugees to tailor its humanitarian response to more effectively support
women and girls. This includes installing solar-powered lights along pathways, distributing portable solar lamps,
running women’s groups to discuss issues like safety and early marriage, community work to tackle violence against
women, and working with refugees to design new toilet facilities with features like lockable doors, shelves to keep
clothes out of the mud, and screens to afford privacy.
Sang added: “The Bangladesh Government should be commended for allowing Rohingya people to seek refuge in Cox’s Bazar.
We join them and others in calling on Myanmar to address the discriminatory policies that are the root cause of this
Close to a million Rohingya people have sought refuge in Bangladesh following a military campaign against them in
Myanmar that has been described by UN officials as ‘ethnic cleansing’.