Human rights experts urge media protection and end to attacks on journalists
GENEVA (2 May 2018) – The UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression, David Kaye, and rights experts from around the
world have joined forces to highlight growing threats to media independence and diversity worldwide, particularly those
affecting digital outlets.
In a joint declaration
to mark World Press Freedom Day on 3 May, they em-phasise the essential role of independent media in democratic
societies, and express grave concern about physical attacks on journalists, as well as surveillance, marginaliza-tion
and squeezing out of independent outlets around the world.
Mr. Kaye welcomed the declaration saying: “Free and independent media facilitate demo-cratic institutions and
accountability, while attacks on journalists and journalism under-mine the very idea of public participation and
“Attacks on journalists are deplorable and State authorities must do more to prevent them. These attacks stem in part
from increasingly irresponsible framing of journalists as ‘ene-mies’ by political and business leaders, but are also
aimed at deterring investigative re-porting in the public interest. All those committed to independent and diverse media
must join together now to stop such attacks,” the Special Rapporteur stressed.
“In addition to physical attacks, those acting on behalf of the State threaten journalism on political, legal and
technological fronts. They abuse public resources by placing adver-tisements only with friendly outlets, assert
financial or other forms of control, and promote or permit media concentrations,” Mr. Kaye added.
The Joint Declaration on Media Independence and Diversity in the Digital Age has been issued by Mr. Kaye and
counterparts from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Inter-American Commission on Human
Rights, and the African Commis-sion on Human and Peoples' Rights.
It also urges governments to promote media independence and diversity, emphasizes fundamental norms of human rights law
and urges States to meet their obligations, and calls on others, such as the media and private internet companies, to
take steps to ensure that independent media can continue to play a central role in democratic societies.
The joint declaration is published in English
Mr. David Kaye, was appointed as Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion
and expression in August 2014 by the United Nations Human Rights Council. As Special Rapporteur, Mr. Kaye is part of
what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent
experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring
mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special
Procedures’ experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They
are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.