Bridging Climate Ambition & Finance Gaps
Bonn, Nov 13 – Raising ambition to act on climate change and raising the large amount of finance needed to do it are so completely
inter-connected that governments and the entire financial sector must see it as a single challenge.
High-level representatives from across the sector at today’s COP23 Finance for Climate Day highlighted their efforts to
meet the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement and underlined that this challenge of coordination and coherence
needed to be quickly addressed.
They set out what needs to be done next by governments, cities, states, business and multilateral institutions to secure
the pace and scale of investment required, before and after 2020, to meet the Paris goal of keeping the average global
temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius and as close as possible to 1.5 Celsius.
Eric Usher, Head of UNEP Finance Initiative said: "At the heart of the climate challenge are two gaps we urgently need
to bridge: the ambition and the investment gap.”
“It is up to national governments now to increase the ambition of their NDCs to close the 17 GtCO2e emissions gap that
we still face for 2030. When it comes to the investment gap, however, we need all financial players - public, private,
domestic, international - and including markets and regulators, to work together effectively to mobilize at least USD
1.5 trillion of climate finance that is needed every year. Let this Finance Day be the start of a new and determined
chapter of climate finance innovation, collaboration, and impact," he said.
What is more, every dollar invested in cutting greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change gets double the
bang for the buck because the results directly support the only sustainable future possible, which is captured in the
international community’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Finance for climate is flowing at a greater pace than ever, with vibrant and growing markets for renewable energy,
electric vehicles, green buildings and climate-smart agriculture seeing aggressive growth, backed by exponential
advances in innovative green financial instruments, indices and markets.
Equally, the finance sector is recognizing to a much greater degree where and how climate change presents risks to its
existing investments and the need to adjust their portfolios away from carbon-intensive assets to reduce that risk.
However, as a series of discussions taking place at the UN Climate Change Conference today highlights, much more is
needed to secure finance and investment at the scale required to deliver a fully de-carbonized and climate-resilient
global economy by 2050.
Laura Tuck, Vice President Sustainable Development, World Bank said: “The potential for climate friendly investment in
areas such as clean energy and climate-smart agriculture is enormous.
“The key is to get the funding to flow so that everyone everywhere can benefit from low-carbon and climate resilient
investments. That’s why we are working with the UN and our other development partners to create the conditions that will
attract investors and to get all forms of finance – public, private, philanthropic - working together for maximum
impact,” she said.
Vladis Dombrovskis, Vice-President of the European Commission said: “Hundreds of billions of euros in investment are
needed to transition to a low carbon economy and meet the target of well below 2 degrees warming. This is a challenge
but also an opportunity for the EU to become a magnet for green investment and lead the way in mobilising both public
and private financing for sustainable projects. That is why we are preparing for early next year an Action Plan on
sustainable and green finance.”
Brahim Hafidi, President of Souss-Massa Region and First Vice-President of the National Association of Moroccan Regions,
said: “Today ‘Localizing is the new Globalizing’, and Cities and Regions around the world have demonstrated their
leadership in climate action for inclusive, resilient, sustainable and low carbon infrastructure development plans.”
“The Global Mapping of Initiatives for Localizing Climate Finance, launched today by the Cities Climate Finance
Leadership Alliance, shows acceleration in providing funding, financing and technical assistance support to local and
regional governments from the whole range of stakeholders. This major publication is a unique reference-compass to help
match demand and supply. The integration of local and subnational projects in NDC investment plans, especially for
adaptation and resilience funding and financing, is a key priority,” he said.
Peter Damgaard Jensen, CEO of Danish Pension provider PKA and Chair of the Institutional Investors Group on Climate
Change (IIGCC) said: “Strong investment signals from policy makers across carbon trading, energy, transport and
buildings are essential to unlock the necessary capital. Climate-related disclosure consistent with the recommendations
of the FSB’s Task force will also be paramount, to provide greater legal certainty alongside efforts to ensure an
international level playing field.”
“That is why my organization is launching a new programme focused specifically on investor practices in this area, with
a focus on ensuring ongoing dialogue between IIGCC’s growing membership of asset owners and managers about latest
developments of climate disclosure in line with TCFD recommendations. Effective pricing of climate related risk by
financial markets is essential to help realize the goals of the Paris Agreement,” he said.
The High Level Finance for Climate Day at COP23 focused on:
Investment to reallocate capital flows towards low-carbon and resilient growth, with additional upfront capital or risk
sharing, to deliver financial returns and resource savings;
Inclusion to ensure that flows reach the countries and communities with greatest needs in terms of both sustainable
growth and reducing vulnerability, effectively doubling flows to developing countries by 2020;
Integration to make the long-term consequences of climate change and wider sustainability factors a routine part of
financial decision-making and accountability both in terms of opportunity and risk, to avoid financial system
Innovation to enable green deal flow, particularly risk sharing for emerging economies and frontier markets, for
domestic markets to grow;
Infrastructure that provides climate resilience tapping the financial system’s endless capacity for innovation and speed
Transparency on finance and investment through simple and harmonised approaches, norms and standards that in turn
support climate investment plans and polices tailored to national needs, priorities and capacities, that attract diverse
capital sources and greater private sector risk.
The Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change
(IIGCC) is a collaborative forum with 145 mainly mainstream investors across 11 countries with nearly €21 trillion in
assets under management (including 9 of the top ten largest European pension funds or asset managers). It aims to
encourage public policies, investment practices and corporate behaviour which address long-term risks and opportunities
associated with climate change.
The Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance (CCFLA) is a multilevel and multi-stakeholder coalition launched under the initiative of UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in
2014. Today CCFLA has 50 international reference members : networks of cities and regions, private investors coalitions,
development and commercial banks, national governments, research centers, UN agencies, foundations and civil society
organizations that have come together to implement a set of measures designed to catalyze and accelerate investment into
low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure in urban areas.
CCFLA is launching at COP23 (Monday 13th) its 2017 Global Mapping of Initiatives on Localizing Climate Finance This
reference publication presents a global overview of CCFLA members’ activities that are available today worldwide, and
support the development, financing and funding of subnational and local climate action.
The Global Fund for Cities Development-FMDV
co-hosts the CCFLA Secretariat, with the support of R20, UN Environment and UNDP. Created by UCLG and Metropolis, and
acting as a matchmaker between demand and supply, FMDV is an Alliance of Local and Regional Governments focusing on
local economic development and financing for subnational action. FMDV provides solutions and expertise to create and
implement the enabling environment, appropriate conditions and mechanisms allowing local and regional governments’
access to the necessary resources to fund and finance their urban development strategies, especially through long-term
and hybridized financing.