OECD – Paris, 27 March 2012
Economy: Bigger Euro Bailout Funds Needed To Create Space To Boost Growth, OECD says
Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least
one trillion euros, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.
The current level of commitment to the rescue funds is not enough to restore market confidence, he said. A credible
financial firewall will provide governments with the breathing space they need to focus crucially on revitalising
Europe’s economic growth and competitiveness.
“Weak financial conditions, fiscal consolidation and economic adjustment are restricting demand in the short-term before
the long-term benefits on stability and growth are felt,” Mr Gurría said. “Decisive action to restore confidence and
support demand is needed now.”
Presenting the OECD’s Economic Surveys of the Euro Area
and the European Union
in Brussels, Mr Gurría said: “The recent measures already taken to strengthen fiscal discipline, provide liquidity and
implement growth-enhancing reforms – particularly in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain - are important advances towards
a brighter economic outlook, but the challenges remain daunting.”
The economic, fiscal and financial imbalances of the area have led to weak bank balance sheets, high unemployment and
The survey calls for an ambitious programme of reforms in product and labour markets, tax systems and education to
rebalance the economies, restore competitiveness , boost growth and bring down stubbornly high levels of unemployment –
particularly among the young. It argues many reforms would stimulate growth even in the short-term.
“ Europe is stalling. It needs to get out of first gear and make growth the number one priority,” said Mr Gurría.
To boost economic activity at the EU level, a step change in the political commitment to the Single Market is needed.
The OECD says national regulations, rigidities and poor implementation of existing EU rules are frequently holding back
cross-border economic activity, growth and job creation, and are undermining the EU economy’s efficiency and
competitiveness. Greater progress is needed in opening services markets. The report calls for an annual review for each
country of the obstacles to benefitting fully from a market of 500 million consumers.
Despite some 24 million unemployed people across Europe, most EU countries expect growing skill shortages in certain
sectors. Labour mobility within Europe is low. The EU should encourage migration in order to help workers and firms to
achieve the most productive job matches.
The two surveys highlight the need for Europe to make fundamental changes to financial supervision and regulation.
Europe needs an effective system of crisis resolution and excessively close ties between domestic banks and governments
need to be undone.
To obtain a copies of the two survey, or for further information, journalists are invited to contact the OECD's Media