New York, Nov 14 2011 7:10PM
Up to 3.2 million South Sudanese children have received vaccinations against polio in a United Nations-backed campaign
to ensure the new country remains free of the deadly disease, more than two years after the last case was reported.
Over 20,000 people fanned out across the country’s 10 states over five days last week to reach all children under the
age of five in the second round of a three-phase campaign that will conclude with further vaccinations next month.
The campaign, coordinated by South Sudan’s health ministry, is being backed by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the
UN World Health Organization (WHO). UNICEF bought the vaccines and WHO is assisting with monitoring and surveillance
during the campaign.
Each child received two drops of the polio vaccine and was then marked by ink on the small finger of the right hand to
indicate they had been immunized. Vaccinators went from house to house and village to village to reach targeted
UNICEF reported that the immunization system in South Sudan, which became independent in July after years of war, was
still in its infancy, with low public awareness of the value of vaccinations.
Bismarck Swangin, a communications officer for UNICEF, told the UN News Centre that given the numerous casualties during
the Sudanese civil war, the new nation “can’t afford to lose more due to vaccine-preventable diseases.”
Mr. Swangin stressed the importance of the campaign given the few health centres that exist in South Sudan, which has
little infrastructure and few trained medical professionals.
A highly infectious disease caused by a virus, polio invades the nervous system and leads to irreversible paralysis in
one out of 200 cases. Only four countries – Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan – remain polio-endemic today, and
the number of cases has declined drastically in the past 25 years.
Polio also re-emerged in South Sudan in April 2008, but after an intensive vaccination campaign, no new cases have been
reported since June 2009.
Nov 14 2011 7:10PM
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