Vietnam, Laos Uprising: 28 Hmong Protesters Killed
Thousands of Viet-Hmong minority political and religious dissidents along the Laos - Vietnam border, who are staging
mass protests demanding religious freedom and land reforms from the communist regime in Hanoi, have been attacked by
Vietnam People's Army (VPA) troops and security forces in the remote Dien Bien province of Vietnam. Twenty-eight (28)
ethnic Hmong people, protesting against government policies, are confirmed dead in recent days, with hundreds more
missing, along the Laos -Vietnam border area of the the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), according to Lao Hmong
non-governmental organizations, and the Center for Public Policy Analysis in Washington, D.C.
Large numbers of Vietnam People's Army infantry and mechanized troops, as well as Lao People's Army (LPA) soldiers, were
rushed to the Dien Bein border area at the direction of the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the SRV on May 3-5,
2011. Ground attack helicopters were also reportedly dispatched from bases in Laos and Vietnam by the VPA, at the
direction of the armed forces Chef of Staff of Vietnam. General Tran Quang Khue, and other VPA generals, who dominate
the politburo in Vietnam, have reportedly played a major role in the crack-down, and deployment of the armed forces,
against the peaceful Hmong protesters.
“We are concerned about credible reports that many poor and ordinary Hmong people in the Dien Bein area, as well as
other people along the Vietnam and Laos border, have been arrested or killed by Vietnamese Army, and Lao Army, soldiers
and police because of their protests for land reform to Communist officials in Hanoi, their opposition to illegal
logging, or because of their independent Christian and Animist religious beliefs ,” said Christy Lee, Executive Director
of Hmong Advance, Inc.(HAI) in Washington, D.C.
Ms. Lee continued: “Ordinary Hmong people, and other highland and forest-dwelling minority peoples in Laos and Vietnam,
have also been subjected to a new and increasing injustice by the authorities and Vietnam People's Army-owned companies,
which continue their oppressive methods, religious persecution, and to engage in illegal logging in Vietnam and Laos,
including the Dien Bien area in Vietnam, as well as the Laotian provinces of Xieng Khouang, Khammoune, Luang Prabang and
“The Hmong, and other minority Christian and Animist religious believers, are being driven of their lands and killed and
persecuted by corrupt Communist party officials and the military elite in Vietnam and Laos,” Ms. Lee stated.
“At least twenty-eight Viet-Hmong are known to have been killed, and 33 wounded, in recent attacks by Vietnam People's
Army troops in the Dien Bien area of Vietnam,” said Philip Smith, Executive Director of the Center for Public Policy
Analysis (CPPA) in Washington, D.C.
The non-governmental organizations, including the CPPA, HAI, Hmong Advancement, Inc. and others, cite Hmong, Vietnamese
and Lao sources inside the area of Dien Bien provice where the Hmong are currently staging mass protests against
Vietnam's communist and military authorities.
“The Viet-Hmong people fleeing to Laos from Dien Bien province, during the recent anti-government protests and crackdown
in Vietnam, have also been arrested by Lao security forces and VPA troops who are working closely together to jointly
seek to arrest, persecute and kill them,.” Smith stated.
“In recent days, significant numbers of Vietnam People's Army troops from Hanoi, and security forces from Laos, have
been deployed for special military operations directed against the Hmong minority people, and independent religious
believers and political dissidents, along the Vietnam – Laos border and the Dien Bein province area of Vietnam,” Smith
Smith continued: “At least seventeen Viet-Hmong Christians were killed and 33 wounded on May 3rd in the Dien Bien
Province, and Dien Bein Phu, areas of Vietnam bordering Laos n attacks by VPA military forces. All of these people were
independent Catholic and Protestant Christian believers. Additionally, eleven independent Viet-Hmong animist believers
were also known, and confirmed, to have been killed on the same day by Vietnam People's Army forces. .”
“Hundreds of Viet and Lao-Hmong minority peoples are also missing after the attacks directed against the peaceful
protesters by the Vietnamese government forces in the Dien Bein area,” Smith stated.
“In addition to the seventeen Hmong Christians, an additional eleven independent Viet-Hmong animist believers were also
confirmed killed on the same day by VPA forces because they also were accused of worshiping outside of the communist
government's control in Hanoi and because they were standing up for land reform and the religious freedom of the
Viet-Hmong and Lao-Hmong people,” Smith continued.
“Lao-Hmong forest and highland-dwelling people who have fled horrific religious persecution as well as illegal logging
by Vietnam People's Army-owned companies in Laos continue to flee to Vietnam and Thailand as political refugees by the
hundreds each year,” Smith concluded.
In December of 2009, Thailand forced some eight thousand Lao Hmong political refugees back to Laos, despited
international protests. They were put under the direction of the Deputy Chief of the Lao Armed Forces who was previously
accused by human rights and international humanitarian organizations of taking a leadership role in perpetuating
atrocities and egregious human rights violations against Lao Hmong civilians, including the rape, murder and mutilation
of Lao Hmong women and children.
Lately, the VPA and SRV have played a significantly increased role in Laos, with hundreds of additional troops and
security forces from Vietnam being deployed in Laos in recent years.