Why is SuPerfect a problem product?
The product Incitec Pivot calls SuPerfect is less than perfect.
A signficant component of this fertiliser is phosphate rock sold by the Moroccan state company OCP. But this natural
resource does not belong to Morocco. It is not theirs to sell because it comes from BouCraa mine in Western Sahara, a
country occupied by Morocco. No country in the world recognises Morocco’s claim to Western Sahara. Incitec Pivot is
virtually receiving stolen goods.
Western Sahara, lying south of Morocco on the Atlantic coast, is designated by the United Nations “a non-self-governing
territory”. This means it needs to be decolonized through a vote of self-determination. When Spain, the colonizing
power, was on the point of organising such a referendum in 1975, Morocco invaded and persuaded Spain to hand the country
A war with the indigenous people called Saharawis broke out and continued until the UN and African Union sponsored a
cease-fire in 1991. A UN mission was then set up to organise the referendum in which the people exercise the right to
independence. This vote has not been held.
In 2002 the United Nations issued a legal opinion that the natural resources of Western Sahara belong to the indigenous
people and should be held in trust for them until they can determine their own affairs.
However, it also says that exploitation can only take place if the people wish this to happen and if it is done for
One problem here is that half the Saharawi population lives in refugee camps over the border in south-west Algeria. They
certainly get no benefit, on the contrary, every time Morocco’s position is given legitimacy their suffering is
prolonged. Human rights defenders living in the occupied zone are persecuted with impunity. Seven of them face a
military trial right now simply for having paid a visit to the refugee camps.
AWSA has questions for Incitec Pivot
• Does IPL have any documentation that the Saharawi people wish them to trade in their phosphate rock?
• If so, can IPL demonstrate where the benefit from the trade goes?
ACTU adds its voice
Sharan Burrow, President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions , said:
"The news that seven human rights activists are in prison simply for visiting refugee camps, and could face the death
penalty, is appalling.
They should be released immediately.
The Australian union movement stands in solidarity with our international colleagues in support of an urgent and
peaceful solution to the occupation of the Western Sahara, and the right of the Western Saharawi people to vote for
Some Australian companies are indirectly supporting this occupation through their importation of phosphate from Western
They include the listed Australian chemical and fertilizer manufacturer, Incitec Pivot.
Incitec Pivot should appreciate that by trading in Western Saharan natural resources it is contributing to the worsening
plight of the Western Saharawi people, because it encourages Morocco to continue to plunder the natural resources of