INDEPENDENT NEWS

Cablegate: Fsc: Unscr 1540 Takes Center Stage

Published: Fri 23 Oct 2009 01:06 PM
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PP RUEHAST RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHLA RUEHMRE RUEHPOD RUEHROV RUEHSK RUEHSL
RUEHSR
DE RUEHVEN #0239/01 2961306
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 231306Z OCT 09
FM USMISSION USOSCE
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6668
INFO RUCNOSC/ORG FOR SECURITY CO OP IN EUR COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUESDT/DTRA-OSES DARMSTADT GE PRIORITY
RUEASWA/DTRA ALEX WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/DOD WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JCS WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 USOSCE 000239
SENSITIVE
SIPDIS
STATE FOR VCI/CCA, VCI/NRRC, EUR/RPM, EUR/PRA, EUR/CARC,
SCA/CEN, SCA/RA, PM/WRA, ISN/CPI
NSC FOR SHERWOOD-RANDALL, HAYDEN, MCFAUL, HOVENIER,
NILSSON, FRIEDT
OSD FOR ISA (WALLENDER, KEHL)
JCS, EUCOM, USAREUR AND CENTCOM: FOR J-5
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KCFE OSCE PARM PREL RS XG
SUBJECT: FSC: UNSCR 1540 TAKES CENTER STAGE
1. (SBU) Summary: Russia shared more detailed remarks in
Working Group A about their Food-for-Thought paper on
analyzing Vienna Document 1999 implementation, including its
interest in targeting specific provisions to reflect more
accurately the political-military environment. There were
some murmurings of agreement with the Russians by some pS at
the FSC (and on the margins) that it may be time to begin
some form of review on VD99.
2. (SBU) Russia is moving towards delivering a draft decision
on VD99 review issue for the Athens Ministerial. Meanwhile,
the Forum for Security Cooperation's Security Dialogue
briefings from NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General Guy
Roberts and U.S. 1540 Coordinator Tom Wuchte were well
received, with general agreement the OSCE has a continuing
role to play in support of 1540 implementation. Russia
cautioned such efforts must not displace or substitute for
the role of the 1540 Committee, but ultimately acknowledged
there was room for further non-proliferation work within the
OSCE context. (NOTE: RFG in para. 8. End note). End Summary.
3. (SBU) The 591st FSC was devoted to UNSCR 1540 with
presentations by NATO D/ASYG for WMD Policy Guy Roberts and
U.S. 1540 Coordinator Tom Wuchte. Roberts emphasized the
importance of NATO seminars and outreach to other
international organizations to help inventory capacities for
addressing non-proliferation and related issues. He
underscored the need for a comprehensive approach that
avoided duplication and focused on practical cooperation
consistent with the framework as agreed at the 2008 Bucharest
NATO Summit. Roberts noted that NATO could set up a "trust
fund" in support of UNSCR 1540 implementation as one of the
many tools for combating proliferation, in addition to NATO
support for the NPT, CWC, BWC and efforts by Member States in
the Proliferation Security Initiative and the Global
Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
4. (SBU) Roberts also discussed NATO's efforts at building
consequence management capabilities, including through the
lending of NATO support to national authorities if requested.
He gave examples of the multi-dimensional character of
NATO's efforts and the "strategic enablers" for facilitating
NATO's abilities to combat WMD: intelligence and information
sharing, CBRN "Reachback" (i.e., detection, characterization,
forensic attribution and international outreach and partner
activities, and public diplomacy and strategic
communications). He noted NATO's readiness to provide
assistance for addressing WMD issues and concerns, if asked.
5. (SBU) State Department 1540 Coordinator Tom Wuchte
identified 1540 implementation as a "classic OSCE 'crossover'
issue, underscoring the importance of incorporating all
elements of the OSCE's work, not just the First Dimension
portfolio. Wuchte noted that in addition to the development
of the 1540 Best Practice Guide chapter on export controls,
the Action against Terrorism Unit (ATU) and the CPC Borders
Team, as well as the Supply Chain Security Workshop for the
Mediterranean organized by the Greek CiO for December were
examples of the cross-dimensional nature of the issue. He
highlighted the tools that the U.S. worked to develop
including PSI, the GICNT (with Russia), and EXBS program as
efforts to build capacity for further implementation of UNSCR
1540. Wuchte underscored the OSCE's lead in developing
regional approaches to support 1540 implementation, including
through facilitating the efforts of participating States to
address gaps in their implementation efforts. He noted that
the 1540 Committee's limit of eight experts benefit greatly
from the collaborative role of regional organizations like
the OSCE.
6. (SBU) Following Sweden's statement of support
(representing the EU and associate partner countries), Russia
(Ulyanov) referenced its own Food-for-Thought (FFT) paper
(FSC.DEL/169/09) cautioning pS that OSCE actions on 1540 must
be in strict accordance with the Resolution and not make new
demands on States; challenging the capacity of the OSCE to
provide the appropriate level of expertise and resources; and
avoiding duplication of efforts that are best done elsewhere.
The U.S. (Ellis) noted that the OSCE was capable of moving
USOSCE 00000239 002 OF 002
forward on facilitating 1540 implementation while also
meeting the parameters that were raised in Russia's FFT.
Working Group "B" -- SA/LW on the menu
7. (SBU) The UK Chair (Gare) introduced the Draft Ministerial
Decision on SA/LW and SCA (MC.DD/4/09) as an "evolutionary,
not revolutionary" text that builds on the Helsinki
Ministerial Decision. In response to initial reactions to
the draft, the U.S. (Ellis) volunteered that--pending
guidance from Washington--the draft seemed "ambitious."
8. (SBU) Comment and Request for Guidance: The UK's SA/LW
Coordinator (Hartnell) told us during private consultations
on the draft following Tuesday's JCG, that the language was
considered realistic in that release of the SA/LW Review
Report (FSC.GAL/109/09) was imminent, and there was an
obligation to meet goals that were agreed at the Helsinki
Ministerial. USDEL would appreciate Washington's views on the
SA/LW Draft Decision prior to the October 27 FSC in order to
provide advance notice to the UK Chair. End Comment and RFG.
Working Group "A" -- Russia softens tone on VD99 Review
9. (SBU) The WGA did not move any Draft Decision documents
forward to the FSC plenary. Russia said it did not have
instructions on AIAM Agenda and Modalities (FSC.DD/9/09) or
on Digital Camera Usage under VD99 (FSC.DEL/124/09/Rev.1).
Russia did review its main points from its FFT on an analysis
of the implementation of VD99. Ulyanov softened his
presentation by carefully separating out VD99 Chapters that
were (A) successful but where there was room for improvement
-- Chapters I (Information Exchange); IV (contacts: "could
extend to naval CSBMs"); VII (calendars); VIII (constraining
provisions); IX (compliance and verification: "lots of room
for improvement); X (regional measures); XI (AIAM); and (B)
clear failures -- Chapters II (Defense Planning), III (Risk
Reduction)identifying areas. He warned against the
consequences of "ten years of stagnation" that could put VD99
at risk of "losing its significance." In response to
Denmark, Ulyanov said he was not proposing a radical overhaul
of VD99, but the intent was to focus on "targeted packages,"
keeping what is valid and identifying those provisions that
need amending.
10. (SBU) The U.S. (Ellis) cautioned against creating
artificial targets or deadlines that would run counter to
national legislative processes or calendars, such as the
issues raised under Chapter II. In response to Austria,
Ulyanov said his personal view was that the idea of updating
VD99 has relevance to the Corfu Process, in that it "gained
sway" within the scope of the European Security Dialogue. He
emphasized, "It would send the best possible political signal
on European Security if we were to move forward on this
proposal." Belarus and Kazakhstan expressed support for the
Russian position; Greece noted its support for broader
"dynamism" in the Corfu Process. The UK Chair (Gare) said
the topic would remain on the next WGA agenda.
Other Issues
11. (SBU) The CPC (Salber) noted its invitation to the Third
Meeting of the Heads of Verification Centers, to be held on
14 December, was distributed. The CPC would welcome
food-for-thought papers for discussion at the meeting.
Belarus said it was still uninstructed on whether to support
the Update of 15/02 on Expert Advice on Implementation of
Section V of the OSCE Document on SA/LW
(FSC.DEL/151/09/Rev.1). There were no interventions on the
remaining agenda topics. The next meeting of the FSC Plenary
and Working Groups is set for Wednesday, October 28.
CHRISTENSEN
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