New research from Auckland University of Technology (AUT) shows tourists who travel technology-free can suffer
withdrawal symptoms akin to giving up smoking or drinking.
The findings also show that tech-free travellers can regain social, navigation and information-gathering skills when
The research comes as the demand for so-called ‘digital detox’ holidays is on the rise.
Dr Lena Waizenegger
, from AUT Business School in New Zealand
, worked with lead author Dr Wenjie Cai, from the UK-based University of Greenwich Business School, and Dr Brad McKenna,
of the UK’s University of East Anglia (UEA) Norwich Business School.
Participants in the study agreed to restrict their access to technologies including mobile phones, laptops, tablets, the
Internet, social media and navigation tools. The researchers examined the travellers’ emotions before they disconnected,
during their disconnection, and after they reconnected.
‘Turning it off: Emotions in Digital-Free Travel’ has been published in the Journal of Travel Research. The findings show many of the travellers initially experienced symptoms of anxiety and frustration, but also
excitement. Over time, these feelings developed into increasing levels of acceptance, enjoyment and even liberation.
Dr Waizenegger said that travellers initially missed the convenience and security of Google Maps and perceived
connectivity of Facebook. However, this anxiety morphed into a positive experience for many.
“Once they overcame the initial feelings of concern associated with disconnection, a number of the participants learned
to navigate with paper maps and gained the confidence to ask other people for help with directions. That led to a much
more interactive experience and a greater feeling of being connected to other people – which ultimately became a
highlight of their holiday.”
Dr Cai said the research offers valuable insights into the growing desire by travelers to break away from the constant
connectivity offered by technological affordances.
“The increasing popularity of digital-free tourism shows people are growing tired of having non-stop access to
information and services. It is helpful to see the emotional journey that travellers without technology are
Dr McKenna said the findings have valuable implications for tour operators and destination management organisations when
developing ‘off-the-grid’ packages or tech-savvy tour products.
“Understanding what triggers consumers’ emotions can help service providers to improve products and marketing
strategies,” said Dr McKenna. “The trips our travellers took varied in terms of lengths and types of destinations,
providing useful insights into various influencing factors on emotions.”
Once reconnected, many participants said they were overwhelmed by the slew of messages and notifications received while
disconnected. Some resolved to have another digital detox in the future.
In total 24 participants from seven countries travelled to 17 countries and regions during the study. A number of New
Zealanders took part, visiting Tonga, Fiji, the Cook Islands and Abel Tasman National park. Other participants travelled
from Australia to various destinations. Most disconnected for more than 24 hours and data was collected via diaries and
‘Turning it off: Emotions in Digital-Free Travel’ Wenjie Cai, Brad McKenna and Lena Waizenegger, is published in the Journal of Travel Research on 14 August 2019.