University of Canterbury (UC) researchers are working with Japanese colleagues to develop technologies that will enable
swarms of drones to locate and potentially triage people buried in the wreckage and debris of natural disasters.
The University of Canterbury’s Wireless Research Centre
(WRC) has been hosting Professor Ryuji Kohno
and research colleagues from Yokohama National University. The Japanese researchers are collaborating on the use of
drones, or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), for search and rescue in large-scale emergencies.
WRC Research Leader Dr Graeme Woodward
says researchers from the new UC DroneLab and their Japanese collaborators are developing technology to enable swarms
of drones to locate, and potentially to triage, casualties by flying formations over major disaster areas after
earthquakes and tsunamis.
The recent establishment of the UC DroneLab coincided with a call for proposals from the Japanese Society for the
Promotion of Science and the Royal Society of New Zealand to work in technologies that can assist in major disasters.
Dr Woodward, Dr Andreas Willig
and Kelvin Barnsdale from UC joined Prof Kohno from Yokohama National University, Japan, to propose using swarms of
drones to fly over designated disaster areas to locate and retrieve information about injured or trapped people.
“Professor Kohno has significant expertise in Body Area Networks (BANs) which are the devices the drones would use both
to locate casualties and to collect data about the status of those located,” says Dr Woodward.
“BANs are interconnected devices which are either implanted, attached or carried on the body. Examples are sports
applications where a chest strap is connected to a wristwatch to determine heart rate, or a motion sensor measures
footsteps and sends the data to another device.”
Dr Woodward explains that WRC researchers are looking at different ways a BAN signal could potentially be located by the
swarm, and also at the different types of signals that may need to be catered for.
The research has two objectives; to use multiple drones to locate people under rubble, and to collect information
contained in the BANs those people are wearing.
Another aspect of the research is around operation of the swarm. Standard practice with a drone is to have a pilot who
controls the craft, with another person operating the camera mounted underneath the drone.
“We don’t want to replicate that with a whole swarm. Ideally, we would want one or two people to control the swarm which
must be able to operate autonomously, while the drones also need to be able to communicate between themselves,” Dr
“We are also looking for complementary projects that can provide further funding to develop drone swarm capabilities,
and have had some success with Scion around detection and monitoring of hotspots in bushfire situations,” says Dr