New Study Busts Myths Around Undersize Snapper Catch
New Zealand fishing industry leaders say an unprecedented 12 month monitoring programme has dispelled the myths around
how many undersize snapper are being caught and returned to the sea.
The new data collected by the Ministry for Primary Industries shows the commercial fishing impact on young snapper is
much less than previously thought.
The total percentage by weight of undersized snapper being caught over the year of the study was just 3.3 percent of the
total snapper catch in the snapper 1 fishery (SNA1).
Carl Carrington, the CEO of Aotearoa Fisheries Limited
, says he is pleased with the result.
was that our boats were returning as much as half of their catch to the sea because it was undersize. This new study
has shown that’s simply not true.”
The data was collected by commercial fishers in the snapper 1 fishery who in 2013 volunteered to start recording and
reporting the amount of snapper under their 25cm size limit that they catch and return to the sea. By law they have to
put every undersize fish they catch back in the sea.
Volker Kuntzsch, the CEO of Sanford, who has a marine science background
says having fishers actively assisting fisheries management by providing data on this scale is a boost for the snapper
“Our boats and catches were monitored in several ways, electronic monitoring, with independent human observers on-board
and with increased reporting requirements for our crews who recorded the undersize snapper they caught and returned to
the sea. There was a level of detail, scrutiny and transparency never attempted before. It means we now know the facts
and we can put in context some of the claims made about the number of undersize snapper being caught. The myths were a
barrier to good communication. Now we know the reality, we can have the conversations needed about the future of our
snapper fisheries on the basis of facts.”
The snapper 1 fishery, where the study was carried out is New Zealand’s most valuable inshore
Both CEOs and their companies agree that the snapper 1 fishery is a shared fishery where guardianship should also be
Mr Kuntzsch says “now that we know the facts around the impact of commercial fishing, we would love to see a similar
approach to record catch taken by recreational fishers. We know rec fishers want a sustainable fishery as much as we do.
Some of the leaders in recreational fishing have been advocates of best practice fishing techniques and we hope they can
spread that attitude and approach to the whole of the recreational sector
But Sanford and other commercial fishers are not resting on their laurels despite the 3.3 percent result. In 2013
commercial fishers in the snapper 1 area voluntarily agreed to take a range of steps to help protect and grow the
fishery. These included adopting a ‘move on rule’ when they come across areas of small fish, recording the undersize
catch and installing new vessel monitoring systems
(VMS) on all trawlers within their fleets operating on the east coast of the North Island from the Far North to the
bottom of the Bay of Plenty.
Mr Carrington says, “we’re pleased with this 3.3 percent result, but we know we can do even more to protect juvenile
fish. That’s why we are also working hard on new technology like Precision Seafood Harvesting
to reduce the number of smaller fish we catch and increase the survival chances of those we do land and return to the
Changes to fishing in Snapper 1
The Ministry of Primary Industries issues a review of sustainability of the snapper 1 fishery
Commercial fishers design and adopt measures to monitor and protect the fishery including:
A ‘move on’ rule when areas of small fish are encountered.
Voluntarily recording and reporting all undersize snapper caught and returned to the sea.
March 1, 2014
MPI introduces a requirement for commercial fishers in SNA 1 to report the amount of undersized snapper they catch,
recorded as SNX.
April 1, 2014
Snapper bag limit and size changes come into effect. Commercial fishers allowances are unchanged while recreational
fishers total allowable catch is increased from 2600 tonnes to 3050 tonnes, but bag and size limits are down.
February 28, 2015
SNX study is complete and data is collected by the Ministry of Primary Industries for analysis.