28 March 2011
Methyl Bromide Gas Seeps Through Picton’s Ferry Terminal
Detectable levels of the invisible and odourless, carcinogenic and neurotoxic methyl bromide gas have been found at
Picton’s wharves during log fumigation activities.
Monitoring devices at Waitohi Wharf next to the interisland ferry terminal, and at Picton Wharf at the Picton marina
recorded methyl bromide gas during venting of fumigated log stacks in nearby Shakespeare Bay in January.
“Methyl bromide within the Picton area and at the ferry terminal is something we have long predicted, and needs to stop
immediately,” said Soil & Health Association of NZ spokesperson Steffan Browning.
“Allowing methyl bromide gas to seep through the ferry terminal is no way to welcome entrants to clean green 100% Pure
Aotearoa New Zealand’s South Island. Recapture technology is available now, so no methyl bromide needs to reach the
ferry terminal or Picton.”
The Marlborough District Council Environment Committee received a report last week on January 2011 fumigations showing
methyl bromide gas was drifting from the Shakespeare Bay log fumigations through the ferry terminal towards Picton.
“Soil & Health-Organic NZ, and local group Guardians of the Sounds, have previously pointed out that just because methyl
bromide was often not detected at the Port fence lines, it did not mean that it was not getting to the ferry terminal
and Picton. We have been vindicated, and either fumigation must be stopped, or recapture of the toxic fumigant must be
set up immediately.”
Monitoring at the Port fence line uses technology measuring parts per million, although the recent results are in parts
per billion, which is lower than that required by the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA). Air monitoring
only indicates gas levels at the monitor site. Weather conditions also effect the concentration of gas at any particular
“A recording at one point may not represent what is happening 20 metres away, and ERMA staff have also acknowledged the
difficulty in determining where the gas will go at Picton following ships holds or tarpaulins being opened for fumigant
Port Nelson uses recapture technology when fumigating containers or sawn timber, but logs requiring fumigation are
generally sent to Picton or shipped through Tauranga or another port for fumigation in the ship’s hold. Recapture
technology is able to be used in log stacks under tarpaulins but gas recapture costs mean transporting logs to a more
permissive fumigation facility is preferred by log exporters.
“Monitoring is a sop to the local community while log fumigation with the toxin is able to continue, with the gas being
released to the atmosphere even though charcoal filter recapture technology is immediately available,” said Mr Browning.
“With record log prices, there is no longer an economic excuse for the timber industry or ports anywhere in New Zealand
to expose local communities, ferry passengers or the atmosphere to the ozone depleting, carcinogenic and neurotoxic
Soil & Health – Organic NZ has campaigned for decades against the use of methyl bromide use and has a vision of an Organic
Methyl bromide (CH3Br) is an odourless, colourless gas, used as a pre-shipment (QPS) fumigant pesticide that kills all
pests and is extremely toxic to humans. Human exposure to methyl bromide has potentially serious acute impacts on the
central nervous system and internal organs that can be fatal, with a range of neurological effects associated with
chronic exposure. Deaths of workers at Port Nelson from motor neurone disease statistically linked to methyl bromide
exposure, predicated the Environment Court case that has restricted the release of methyl bromide there.
New Zealand’s increasing log exports are the largest user of methyl bromide here. New Zealand has an obligation under
the Montreal Protocol On Substances That Deplete The Ozone Layer to minimize methyl bromide emissions and recover and
recycle to the extent possible. Use in New Zealand has risen at least tenfold since signing the Montreal Protocol in
2001, with expectations of significant further increase in parallel with record log exports.