4 October 2019
Return of the winter field team from Auckland Island brings new insights into the work needed to make the subantarctic
The Department of Conservation (DOC) is working with Ngāi Tahu to restore the mauri and natural ecosystems of Auckland
Island by removing pigs, mice and feral cats.
A 19-person team, which returned to Invercargill last week, braved cold, wet and windy conditions to learn more about
the behavior of the introduced pests, which have decimated the island’s unique native plants and animals over the past
Successful testing of potential cat baits and learning how the pest animals behave in winter were key features of the
trip, says DOC Maukahuka Pest Free Auckland Island project manager Steve Horn.
“Methods for removing feral cats from islands are not well developed so it was pleasing to see three out of four meat
baits tested proved appealing to cats.”
“Our monitoring found mouse numbers had exploded after tussock seeding last summer, which appears to have also caused an
increase in young cats.”
“Disturbingly we also saw a cat eating a young albatross, which it may have killed. We know that cats have devastated
sea bird populations on the island, but this is the first time we’ve seen and photographed a white-capped mollymawk
Most (95%) white-capped mollymawk breed on nearby tiny pest-free Disappointment Island. Only a small number attempt to
breed on Auckland Island on cliff terraces where pigs can’t reach them.
Ngāi Tahu kaumatua Stewart Bull, who joined the winter pickup trip, says restoring the island enables Ngāi Tahu to
fulfill its kaitiakitanga responsibilities.
“It was an eye opener to visit the island and see how harsh it is and how depleted of wildlife. The opportunity for Ngāi
Tahu to work alongside DOC to turn this around and to reconnect to this place, is really exciting.”
The field team put GPS collars on 11 cats, adding to the 20 animals already being tracked from last summer. This work
has revealed cats ranging up to 70 square km in search of food and moving to steep coastal areas when seabirds have
Two new shelters were installed at Deas Head and Camp Cove, to support further field work in those areas. An
archaeologist assessed a proposed operational base site near the historic Hardwicke settlement, which was occupied by
British settlers from 1849 for several years.
The winter field team included DOC staff, two Ngāi Tahu representatives, an archaeologist and engineer from Boffa
Miskell. The Winton Rotary Club also supported the trip by providing flat pack toilet buildings for assembly.
Removing pests from Auckland Island, New Zealand’s fifth largest island, is a long-term project and currently in its
feasibility and planning stages. A report on the feasibility of the ambitious project is due to be considered by DOC’s
Island Eradication Advisory Group in coming weeks.
Achieving this goal would set more than 400 native plants, insects and birds on the path to recovery and see New
Zealand’s subantarctic island region and World Heritage Area free of introduced pest animals. This would be a
significant step towards Predator Free 2050.