Endangered blue whales threatened by seabed mining
An important habitat for New Zealand’s only know population of critically endangered blue whale is now at risk from
destructive seabed mining after an Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) ruling today.
Trans Tasman Resources Limited applied to undertake iron sand seabed mining between South Taranaki and Golden Bay. The
application area covers 65 km² of seabed, more than three times the size of Kapiti Island.
The EPA has granted their marine consent application today in a split decision from the EPA’s decision making committee,
where two of four committee members provided a dissenting viewpoint.
Kiwis Against Seabed Mining (KASM) and Greenpeace provided an expert witness on blue whales to the EPA’s hearings.
Forest & Bird provided an independent witness on the impacts of noise to marine mammals.
“We know this area is home to critically endangered blue whales, possibly one of only five known in the Southern
Hemisphere outside of Antarctica,” says Forest & Bird Chief Conservation Adviser Kevin Hackwell.
“It’s also habitat for at least a further 33 species of marine mammals, including Hector’s and Māui dolphins, and an
important migratory corridor for humpback whales.”
“Now Trans-Tasman Resources can spend the next 35 years sucking up 8000 tonnes of seabed sediment per hour. This will
kill everything on the sea floor, and severely disrupt the habitat of blue whales and other species.”
Seabed mining will cause catastrophic damage to the seafloor, and affect seabirds, fish, and marine mammals.
Forest & Bird is critical of Trans-Tasman Resources’ failure to undertake a proper assessment of the impact that noise from the
mining operation will have on whales. In their dissenting view committee members Ms McGarry and Mr Te Kapa Coates say:
“Noise impacts on marine mammals is a key concern for us. We consider the information available is extremely uncertain
“Seabed mining generates constant noise that can be heard over vast areas of ocean. This noise can cause whales to
leaving the area, or have impacts like stress, reduced reproductive success and survivability. In extreme cases, whales
that do not leave noise-affected areas are at risk of abnormal stranding,” says Mr Hackwell.
“It is completely irresponsible to put New Zealand’s only resident population of critically endangered blue whales in
the firing line for Trans Tasman Resources to suck-up the seabed and make a buck.”
The EPA acknowledges there are uncertain ecological effects from the mining, but have granted consent anyway.
A total of 13,733 submissions were received on the application, the highest number of submissions the EPA has received
on any application since it was established in 2011.
"The community and tangata whenua are against this destructive practice," says Mr Hackwell.
"Seabed mining will damage our marine environment, and impact New Zealand’s reputation."