Child Poverty Monitor 2015 released
This year’s Child Poverty Monitor has a simple message for New Zealand about the high number of children living in
poverty: “It’s not choice.”
Now in its third year of tracking various measures of child poverty, the Monitor is a joint project from the Children’s
Commissioner, J R McKenzie Trust and Otago University’s NZ Child and Youth Epidemiology Service (NZCYES). It monitors
trends in four measures of child poverty: income poverty, material hardship, severe poverty and persistent poverty.
Highlights from the 2015 Monitor show:
• Child poverty is now significantly worse than the 1980s. In 1985 the percentage of children in families experiencing
income poverty was 15%, compared to 29% now
• Children are far more likely to be in poverty than those 65+. The rate for children is 29% compared to 13% for the
• 14% of children are going without basic essentials like fresh fruit and vegetables, a warm house and decent clothing.
• About 9% of children are in severe poverty
• Around three out of five kids living in poverty will live this way for much of their childhood.
“We know that many children growing up in this country are falling behind. Put simply, it’s not choice. It’s not choice
that our kids are suffering with poor health, living in damp homes and less likely to do well at school. It’s also not
the child’s choice – or their families – to live in poverty,” says Children’s Commissioner Dr Russell Wills.
“There is choice around how we as a country respond to this. We have to take it seriously, we need a clear national plan for
doing better and we need to show empathy for those whose choices are limited. There is plenty of great stuff happening
out there for children – from the Government making doctor’s visits free, to mums in Invercargill setting up school food
“But the data we released today shows we are still far, far behind where we need to be. When almost one in ten of our
children are at the very hardest end of poverty it tells us we’ve got a long way to go.
“No matter how you measure poverty, everything points to things being far tougher than they were 30 years ago. That’s
not right in a country like ours and it’s not fair.
“Today I’m asking New Zealanders to show they share our concern by spreading the message #itsnotchoice. If they visit
our website they can take part in a selfie campaign and show that we’re all behind the need for things to change for our
Dr Jean Simpson, the NZCYES’s Director says things must change if we want to see fewer children experiencing poor health
as a result of persistent child poverty.
"Evidence tells us that high rates of child poverty are a serious concern. We know children in our most deprived
communities are more likely to die before they turn one-year-old than children from communities that are better off.
“The negative health outcomes associated with child poverty are also starkly apparent in our high rates of hospital
admissions for infectious and respiratory diseases. These diseases are related to living conditions. Being in damp, cold
houses where there is overcrowding is bad for children’s health. Diseases such as rheumatic fever can have serious
lifelong implications for those who have suffered them in childhood. Reducing the number of young children living in
poverty is critical to improving the health of the whole population,” she says.
The Child Poverty Monitor is funded by the J R McKenzie Trust, an organisation with over 75 years of involvement in
important social issues. The Trust’s Executive Director Iain Hines says child poverty is a concern for all of us and a
social issue we cannot ignore.
“Children are over twice as likely to be in poverty as people over 65. We are really pleased that so few older New
Zealanders face poverty, and we firmly believe that – with commitment from us all – we can make a real difference for
our children too.
“While we’d love child poverty rates to fall rapidly, it’s more likely that it will take some years. The Child Poverty
Monitor will allow New Zealanders to track progress on this important issue. To sustain progress it needs to remain high
on the public agenda,” Iain Hines says.
You can access the Child Poverty Monitor and the Child Poverty Monitor: 2015 Technical Report at www.childpoverty.co.nz
Twitter: @povertymonitor Facebook: Child Poverty Monitor