World leading research moves off shore because of TICSA
This month six of NZ's universities are submitting their final bids for a share in the 2014 budget's $28M of new funds
for new ICT graduate schools. According to Tertiary Education Minister Steven Joyce this initiative will
connect tertiary education and industry to deliver more of the ICT skills New Zealand needs by lifting the training of
our next generation of high-tech professionals
Potential post-grads maybe wary though, because the Telecommunications (Interception Capability and Security) Act,
TICSA, which was put in place under urgency last year, has prevented research and investment on what is arguably the
next generation of new technology and one where, until the passage of the Act, New Zealand had a head start.
An article by technology writer Juha Saarinen from Friday’s NZ Herald says that NZ was at the forefront of Software
Defined Networking and Network Functions Virtualisations (SDN/NFV) – essentially the technology is the development of
virtual internet routers.
However Saarinen says
TICSA mandates that telecommunications service providers and public network operators must register with the Government
Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) and its sidekick, the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC).
Furthermore, telcos and network providers must notify the agency which is tasked with upholding the country's IT
security if they make significant changes to their networks.
Computer Science academics at Victoria University were going to be working on a virtual networking project with US
companies including Google. It was an opportunity that arose because the NZ academic research network (REANNZ) had
carried out some world leading early investigations. However because of the uncertainties of the TICSA provisions,
including fines of up to half a million dollars a day for not complying with the legislation, the potential investors
have relocated to Australia. Another company director has told Saarinen that he is keeping his company turnover below
$10m pa and subscribers below 4,000 "just to avoid dealing with TICSA hassles."
Software Defined Networking and Network Functions Virtualisations (SDN/NFV) are going to be a multi-billion dollar
industry worldwide in the next few years. They will form part of the infrastructure of the next stage of the internet
which is being called 'the internet of things'. There are big challenges (including serious additional risks to privacy
and of surveillance) as well as huge opportunities as these new technologies develop and an important discussion to be
had about what kind of society we want to create. But if the TICSA bill remains unchanged it's not a future that NZ
researchers and entrepreneurs can take any part in shaping.