TPP Negotiators on Notice to Protect Environment: Poll
An opinion poll shows a clear majority of New Zealanders reject the concept of foreign investors having any ability to
sue the government offshore if is sets stronger environmental standards.
New Zealand is currently negotiating a free trade agreement with ten other countries called the Trans-Pacific
61% of those surveyed believe that New Zealand should not sign the TPP agreement if it contains any clauses that allow
foreign investors to sue the government in an offshore tribunal over new laws intended to protect the environment.
Of those that have an opinion, six times as many favour standing aside from any deal that would impose these terms,
versus those that would still sign up.
The poll was conducted by Consumer Link for the Sustainability Council and indicates that just 9% of New Zealanders
think securing this free trade agreement is important even if it could allow foreign investors to take such legal action
against the government, while 30% have no opinion. The margin of error is 3.3%.
A leaked draft of the TPP text reveals how overseas companies would have the right to seek compensation if their
expected profits are significantly reduced by stricter environmental requirements. The provisions are known as Investor
State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) terms and some 70% of cases brought under the North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA) have involved claims over natural resources or the environment.
The government maintains that clauses in the TPP text will preserve New Zealand’s ability to make stronger environmental
laws without fear of the claims being successful. But there are recent investment arbitration cases where these clauses
have failed to protect the public interest.
The poll cuts right through this legal interpretation issue as it shows most New Zealanders simply reject the ISDS
concept when it comes to new laws intended to protect the environment.
The Australian Productivity Commission found in 2010 that such rights for foreign investors were not in Australia’s
interest. It stated that: “There does not appear to be an underlying economic problem that necessitates the inclusion of
ISDS provisions”. And at the time it reported, no Australian firm had ever used them.
What the Commission did find was that including such rights risked a “chilling effect” on a government’s willingness to
undertake reforms to protect the public interest. In other words, governments become scared to raise environmental
standards for fear of being sued.
As current demands on the environment often exceed what is sustainable, such protection for foreign investors paves the
way for the government to hold back on setting proper limits. It seeks to create environmental property rights for
foreign investors that no New Zealanders have, or should have.