Business Roundtable Questions ‘Strange’ Treasury Advice re Spending Cap Bill and Proposes Strengthening Measures
The Treasury’s advice to the government on the Spending Cap (People’s Veto) Bill constitutes an abandonment of its duty
to advise and an inappropriate political judgment, according to a submission on the Bill released today by the New
Zealand Business Roundtable. The Bill would, in essence, limit any increase in Crown spending to the annual rate of
inflation and population growth, and require a referendum to approve any increases beyond that.
The submission – which assesses the Bill in the context of the big jump in government spending between 2004 and 2008,
and analyses Treasury’s reasons in its Regulatory Impact Statement (RIS) for its opposition to the Bill – is strongly
supportive of the Bill. It argues that by legislating a spending cap, the government would demonstrate a higher
commitment to keeping to its spending plans, which currently lie within the proposed cap, and would raise private sector
investor confidence that spending would be similarly restrained in future
The submission also proposes a number of additional measures and complementary arrangements to strengthen and support
Acting Business Roundtable executive director Bryce Wilkinson said that had the Bill been in place since 2004 New
Zealand would be in much better shape today fiscally and in terms of international competitiveness and external debt.
“Treasury’s RIS on the Bill acknowledges this and makes a good, positive case for the bill and demonstrates that the
loss of spending discipline, particularly between 2005 and 2008, was a prime cause of New Zealand's current fiscal
“Strangely though, it goes on to oppose the Bill, citing two reasons: first, that legislated constraints on government
could lead to perverse outcomes when governments seek to circumvent them; and second that the Bill would not be
effective if it is "likely to be overturned, shortly after its introduction, because it lacked widespread and enduring
political support". It then puts forward as an alternative an easily avoided self-nominated rule that entirely lacks
“It is worrying, to say the least, to see a treasury advising its minister against a measure that its own analysis
demonstrates has the potential to provide significant net economic benefits, and even more concerning to see it propose
an alternative that could not be expected to prevent a future spending blowout.
“Of deepest concern is Treasury’s abandonment of its duty to advise and its decision to make a political judgment on the
matter. It is the minister’s job to assess the politics of the issue, to consider how the debate might be carried and
won, and whether it is worth the battle. However the Treasury seems to be saying that any measure that is likely to be
opposed in the short term by opposition parties does not merit a supporting Treasury recommendation”, Dr Wilkinson said.
Dr Wilkinson said the Business Roundtable’s submission argues that the credibility of future spending constraints would
be further enhanced by measures such as: capping tax revenues per capita and returning excess revenues to taxpayers; a 2
requirement for a supra-majority of voters to approve increases; a ratchet mechanism for reducing the spending base from
its existing inflated level; and a referendum requirement for new taxes.
The submission also recommends complementary measures to increase the constraints on alternatives to ill-justified
spending, including the Regulatory Standards Bill which would make it harder to get around a spending cap through
regulatory means, and better arrangements for vetting capital spending, making it harder to replace poor quality
operational spending with poor quality capital spending.
The Spending Cap (People’s Veto) Bill is currently open for public submissions to the finance and expenditure select
The Bill had its origin in the 2004 Business Roundtable report Restraining Leviathan.
The submission can be read here