· PREFU shows economy doing better than forecast
· Unemployment to peak at 7.8%, down from 9.8% forecast in the Budget
· Year-to-June accounts show tax revenue, debt and OBEGAL better than forecast
· Global forecast downgraded as COVID-19 second waves and uncertainty grows
· Balanced plan to support critical public services, manage debt and reduce the deficit caused by COVID-19
The Pre-election Economic and Fiscal Update released today shows that the near-term economic recovery has been stronger
than the Treasury and many economists predicted at the May Budget, as the economy bounced back strongly out of lockdown.
“The Treasury now forecasts the unemployment rate to peak at 7.8%, down from 9.8% forecast in the Budget, because the
economy is stronger than expected. That compares to an expected peak of 10% in Australia, while countries like the US
and Canada have already recorded unemployment peaks above 13%,” Finance Minister Grant Robertson said.
“The unaudited Crown accounts for the year to 30 June 2020 back up the evidence of a rebounding economy, with core Crown
tax revenue of $84.9 billion coming in higher than the $82.3 billion forecast, indicating more activity than expected.
“Net core Crown debt was 27.6% of GDP at 30 June, compared to the Budget forecast of 30.2%, and the OBEGAL deficit of
7.7% of GDP at 30 June was lower than the 9.6% forecast.
“These are signs that the New Zealand economy is robust, and that our plan to eliminate COVID-19 and open up the economy
faster is the right approach. We can see this in the forecasts, with the New Zealand economy predicted by the Treasury
to grow by an average of 4.2% across 2021 and 2022, compared to Australia at 3.6% and the US at 3.5%.
“The Treasury – similar to other economists – initially forecast June quarter GDP to fall by about 23.5% in June from
March. In today’s forecasts, the Treasury has reduced that to 16%. All this goes to show is that forecasting
month-to-month, let alone years in the future, is incredibly difficult with such an uncertain global environment and an
“However, global headwinds and this 1-in-100 year economic shock caused by COVID-19 will have a long-term effect on the
“The forecasts illustrate our balanced plan to manage debt and reduce the deficit caused by COVID-19, while protecting
our investment in services like health and education.
“COVID-19 is hurting economies around the world but because New Zealand went into this with low debt and a growing
economy, we will come out better than other advanced countries,” Grant Robertson said.
“Policies like the Wage Subsidy, business tax refunds and small business cashflow loans protected jobs and kept
businesses going. We’ve also invested to secure PPE and ventilators, and make sure our testing and contact tracing
systems are world-class. Taking on debt to fund this response is the right thing to do as we fight COVID-19.
“There is no free lunch here. These measures require significant investment. It has been necessary to use the Government’s strong financial position
to do this.
“What counts is our strong track record. Before COVID-19, despite constant urging to the contrary we stayed disciplined
with our spending and reduced debt below 20% of GDP while successfully investing in critical public services.
“Our strong starting position that means even at its peak of around 56%, New Zealand’s net debt will be considerably
lower than other economies around the world – advanced economies went into COVID-19 with net debt averaging about 80% of
“The PREFU’s long-term projection model shows debt reducing to 48% of GDP by the end of the projection period. The
difference between debt of 56% and 48% at the end of the projection period represents $46 billion less debt than if debt
just remained at its peak.
“The projections show the deficit caused by COVID-19 reduces steadily each year from 10.5% of GDP this year, to less
than 1% of GDP by June 2028.
“The PREFU also shows the benefit of locking in low interest rates for the long-term debt that has been used to fund the
response, with annual core Crown finance costs forecast to reduce by around $800 million over the next four years.
“Because the Government can borrow for 20 years or longer at rates below 1%, it makes sense to lock these in now to fund
the response before interest rates rise. Because the Treasury has already been able to secure more funding at lower
rates, and because the Government’s cash position has improved since the Budget, the Treasury today announced it has
reduced its debt programme over the next four years by $10 billion.
“There are challenges ahead, but we have a five point plan to grow the economy, support businesses and seize the
opportunities created by our world-leading COVID response.”