By now, the end game the Republican Senate majority has in mind in their setting of the rules for the impeachment trial
of Donald J. Trump is pretty clear to everyone: first deny the Democrats the ability to call witnesses and offer
evidence, and then derisively dismiss the charges for lack of evidence. For his part, does former security adviser John
Bolton really, really want to testify against his former boss? If there was any competing faction within the Republican Party, there might be
some point for Bolton in doing so – but there isn’t.
Instead, and from sea to shining sea, the party of Lincoln has let itself become Trumpland. The GOP has chosen to become
entirely beholden to the most dishonest President in US history, despite the damage his corrupt rule continues to do to
the country’s core interests and institutions. No doubt, Bolton has his own personal desires for revenge for being
fired, but – realistically - what could Bolton possibly say that could change that Republican commitment, and what
career path would then exist for him if he tried? Far better for him to say that gosh, he’d love to testify but his
hands are tied by whatever rules are being set by the Senate – which, as we were told again this morning, is the world’s
greatest deliberative body.
Meanwhile Trump himself has been in faraway Switzerland, telling the Davos gathering another round of lies and exaggerations.
No, the tentative US-China trade deal is not “the biggest trade deal ever made.” No, the US economy was not in a
“rather dismal state” when he inherited it from Barack Obama. Yes, Trump was lying again when he said that “ for the
first time in decades, we’re no longer concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.” In fact :
The Census Bureau said in 2019 that the gap
between the richest and poorest households in the US widened…It’s the largest it has ever been since the agency started
keeping track of it a half-century ago. Experts say inequality in the US stems from a range of factors that include
stagnant wages for the middle class and tax policies favouring the richest households and corporations.
Those inequality-widening tax policies – notably, the huge tax handout that Trump delivered disproportionately to high
earners and corporations in 2017 – have delivered a temporary sugar high to the US economy that is now wearing off…
The IMF forecasts that both the Chinese and American economies will slow in 2020. They expect the U.S. to grow 2% in
2020, down from 2.3% in 2019. China’s rate will slip to 6% in 2020 from 6.1% in 2019. China’s forecast would have slowed
more sharply, the IMF noted, without the trade deal.
For both the U.S. and China, the IMF has long predicted a slowdown for factors unrelated to the trade war. The U.S.
economy has been expected to slow as some of the boost from a 2017 tax overhaul fades, while China’s economy has been slowing
for years amid the aging of its population, and a shift away from debt-driven infrastructure building, among other
Award-winning forecaster Jim O’Sullivan of TD Securities warns that the best days of this 10-year economic expansion are
behind us….He sees gross domestic product growth slowing to 1.5% by the end of the year from around 2% now. GDP growth
peaked at just over 3% in the middle of 2018….He expects job growth to slow noticeably, from 223,000 per month average
in 2018 and 176,000 in 2019 to about 75,000 per month by the end of this year. That trend sounds dire, but that pace of
job growth would be roughly in line with natural growth in the workforce, and wouldn’t signal a recession as long as
layoffs don’t take off. If his prediction comes true, however, recession worries would likely arise again.
Correcting the lies
You can sense the futility of pointing out these corrections to Trump’s chronic stream of dishonesty. By the time the
corrections arrive, the lies and exaggerations have long since hit their intended targets, and become embedded in a
sizeable chunk of the American consciousness. And besides…aren’t those corrections emanating from the same “Commiecast
MSNBC and Fake News CNN” that Trump derides and discredits on a daily basis ? Who would believe them
With the futility of the essential-but-largely-fruitless task of fact checking in mind – it is a headless chicken
exercise that refuses to accept the body of truth is dead – it was a little disheartening to read this wishlist of
“Ten Things That NZ Media Can Achieve in 2020.”
At best, calls for an industry wide fact checking service – even while the same media organisations are dutifully
reporting and repeating the same lies, exaggerations and beat-ups in their news bulletins – is a bit ingenuous. When
married to similarly plaintive calls (item six) for a clearer separation of fact and opinion, the purist disavowal (item
seven) of clickbait, and the self-deluding denial (item two) of media oxygen to the Christchurch shooter…it amounts to a
pretty pallid call to arms. Feels more like remnants of a bygone era that barely engages with 21st century media
No mention - for instance - of how a clickbait-addicted media can afford to forsake entertainment news. In election year, the lack of any mention (let alone solution) to the media’s similar
addiction to horse race journalism – who’s up, who’s down in the polls – is problematic. So is the call to further
separate fact from opinion, and reportage from its interpretation. In reality, this would would only spread the plague of “bothsidesism”
Not to mention the media’s reliance on p. r. manicured official sources, whereby every story is treated as a 50/50
contest between equals and where reporting the “he said” to which “she said” qualifies as balance. (“Round earth or flat
earth? Both sides have a point, since the earth is not a perfect sphere.”) As Joan Didion put it nearly 25 years ago in
a 1996 piece in the New York Review of Books :
The genuflection toward “fairness” is a familiar newsroom piety, in practice the excuse for a good deal of autopilot
reporting and lazy thinking but in theory a benign ideal. In Washington, however, a community in which the management of
news has become the single overriding preoccupation of the core industry, what “fairness” has often come to mean is a
scrupulous passivity, an agreement to cover the story not as it is occurring but as it is presented, which is to say as
it is manufactured.
So….we’ve known about this problem for decades. The media has always been relatively happy (a) to be spun and (b) to use
objectivity as its idealised excuse for not railing against it. Nothing much that’s new about this. Think of the Vietnam
War and the media’s repetition of official body counts as a sign of progress. The problem that Trump poses for the
mainstream media – of how it can possibly avoid being used as a megaphone for his lies is a recurring one
Straight, “objective” coverage of McCarthyism…had failed the public, leading Alan Barth, an editorial writer at The
Washington Post, to tell a 1952 gathering of the Association for Education in Journalism: “There can be little doubt
that the way [Senator Joseph McCarthy’s charges] have been reported in most papers serves Senator McCarthy’s partisan
political purposes much more than it serves the purposes of the press, the interest of truth.”
Fact is, so called “ objective” journalism has routinely tucked its assumptions and allegiances out of sight before it
comes to the table - and much of the public distrust of the profession has that subterfuge at its core. The way
forward….? Well, calling out lies, forsaking horse race journalism, and refusing to chase after bogus scandals ( eg, the
NZ Future Forest Products story) would be a start. So would fusing “objective” reporting with evaluative journalism –
not in an “anything goes” fashion, but with the facts on the page to enable readers to see the basis for the
journalistic opinion that’s being expressed.
Face it, post modernism is the arts has been accepted for decades ; journalism has been less willing to concede that it
is in a post- objectivity era, where the real issue is over whose truth shall prevail.
Footnote: One final note about that “Ten Things The NZ Media Can Do” wishlist …Interesting that the same media commentator
advocating for an industry-wide fact-checking service here has almost simultaneously chided US news outlets
for their “ nitpicking” tabulation of“ every single mis-step that [Trump] makes, every little bit of misrepresentative
or false information” and has argued that this comprehensiveness was only likely to lead ( “Oh, it’s the New York Times
again”) to a further undermining of public trust.
Hmmm. I beg to differ. Surely, the role journalism performs as the rough draft of history demands that it tabulate every
single example of presidential dishonesty…and for a fact-checking service to do otherwise would require some kind of
Sliding Scale of Whopperdom whereby only Big Important Lies (criteria unspecified) get noted. Yet in Trump’s case it is
the constant stream of lies and exaggerations that does most of the work of feeding public distrust of the media. Call him out every
time - or become complicit ? That’s the choice.