American Cassandra -
Susan Lindauer’s Story
"From a marketing point of view, you don't introduce new products
in August” said' Andrew Card, center, former Bush Chief of Staff, referring
to the public relaitons campaign to attack Iraq. 9/2002
Part 1 of a 2 part series
“Scoop” Independent News
Above all, you must realize that if you go ahead with this invasion, Osama bin Laden will triumph, rising from his
grave or seclusion. His network will be swollen with fresh recruits, and other charismatic individuals will seek to
build upon his model, multiplying those networks. And the United States will have delivered the death blow to itself.
Using your own act of war, Osama and his cohort will irrevocably divide the hearts and minds of the Arab Street from
moderate governments in Islamic countries that have been holding back the tide. Power to the people, what we call
“democracy,” will secure the rise of fundamentalists. Susan Lindauer’s last letter to Andrew Card, January 6, 2003*
Susan Lindauer sent her eleventh and last letter on the Iraqi political situation to then Bush chief of staff Andrew
Card on January 6, 2003, just two months before General Franks gave the command to invade on March 20, 2003. She’d sent
ten other letters on Iraq to Card, her second cousin, over a two year period.
In her final letter she made a prophetic plea to head off the war. Through Lindauer’s back channel contacts at the Iraqi
United Nations mission, Lindauer said that she’d gathered a great deal of information. She had good reasons to believe
that the Iraqis were ready to offer huge concessions on inspectors and on other United States demands.
As the opening quotation shows, she correctly predicted what other knowledgeable observers believed. While the U.S.
efforts in Afghanistan had al Qaeda on its knees, an Iraqi military defeat would lead to a civil chaos. This would
provide the basis for a resurrection of bin Laden’s operation and then revive the al Qaeda terrorist risk to the United
Lindauer was arrested on March 17, 2004, fifteen months after the last letter to Andy Card and two years after the trip
to Baghdad referenced in the indictment. She was charged
with “conspiring to act and acting as an unregistered agent of the government of Iraq” and “forbidden financial
transactions” with Iraq totaling $10,000 relating to those acts. The charges cover the period of October, 1999 through
She denies acting as an Iraqi agent and says that she’d been recruited by the CIA and Defense Intelligence Agency to
open a back channel for contact with Middle Eastern nations that lacked formal diplomatic ties the U.S. She asserts that
CIA was overseeing her contacts with Iraq and that the U.S. government was fully informed of her activities.
She was very specific when she said that she had no knowledge of or contact with the two Iraqis named in her indictment.
In his final ruling on the case, Judge Mukasey observed that:
It bears emphasis here that it was never the government's theory that Lindauer participated in such conduct, or indeed
that she even knew the Al-Anbuke brothers. Rather, she and they were charged together only because both allegedly
conspired with IIS. Judge Michael B. Mukasey, Opinion and Order, September 6, 2006.
At her preliminary hearing, she was remanded for trial in federal court, Southern District, New York, and placed on
Another 18 months passed without action until the prosecution requested that Lindauer undergo a psychiatric evaluation.
The prosecution argued that she was unfit to stand trial for two reasons: she believed that she was not guilty and she
was therefore unable to contribute to her defense since she didn’t understand that she might be convicted. Her failure
to accept guilt by denying what the prosecution called delusions somehow proved mental incompetence.
Based on the psychiatric evaluation, Judge Mukasey ordered Lindauer to the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, Federal Medical Center
(Carswell FMC), Ft. Worth, located on the grounds of Carswell Air Force Base. Lindauer reports considerable distress at
confinement and the condition of her fellow female inmates.
Lindauer has consistently maintained her innocence throughout this entire affair. After seven months at FMC Carswell,
she had a hearing with Judge Mukasey in early May 2006. The psychiatrists at the federal prison facility wanted to force
her to take psychotropic medication, a position strongly supported by the U.S. Attorney prosecuting the case. She
vigorously objected to this, which was the basis for the May hearing. The government’s rationale for forced medication
and the treatment at Carswell FMC will be discussed in more depth in the second part of this series.
Rather than being sent back to the prison facility, she spent four months at the Metropolitan Correctional Center in
Manhattan. Finally, on Sept. 8, 2006 she was released by order of Judge Mukasey. He flatly denied the U.S. Attorney’s
request for forced medication, noting contradictory opinions on diagnosis and poor support for the efficacy of the
medication recommended by court appointed and prosecution experts.
His opinion and order implied that there was not much of case against her: “There is no indication that Lindauer ever
came close to influencing anyone, or could have.” Opinion and Order, Judge Michael B. Mukasey, Sept. 6, 2006
The Judge ordered that Lindauer be released from jail. She remains free to this day. Through former U.S. Attorney Brian
Schaunnessy of Washington, D.C., she is seeking a trial on the charges levied and sees that as a public forum to verify
her story and clear her name.
Susan Lindauer’s Story
After seeing an article I wrote on Attorney General nominee Mukasey
, Susan Lindauer emailed Jeff Tiedrich, publisher of the political web site
that carried the story. She complimented my analysis of Mukasey, which had mentioned her case. I received the email,
contacted her, and requested an interview. She agreed.
Susan Lindauer and I met on two occasions for a total of about six hours. In addition, there was an additional two hours
of phone contact to assure that I accurately represented her story. She says this is the first time anyone contacted her
for an in depth interview on her story and experience.
She was engaging, articulate, and energetic during the interviews and follow up calls. In this article, I present her
story as she told it to me. In part two of the series, I cover her confinement at FMC Carswell, examine how the initial
round of her case was handled, including Judge Mukasey’s dismissive remarks about the merits of the case against her. I
will also present information from individuals who support her character and knowledge of Lockerbie and Iraq and offer
some speculation on motives and handling of her arrest.
What follows is neither a brief in favor of her case, nor is it a fishing expedition to generate cheap shots regarding
her claims. It’s simply her story.
Susan Lindauer seeks a trial on the charges to prove her innocence.
She says that:
She worked for United States intelligence to create back channel communication with key Middle Eastern states and all
of her actions were under the supervision of U.S. intelligence.
She was recruited by U.S. intelligence to perform this function in 1994 due to her anti sanctions position and the
belief that the targeted states would find someone with her position and contacts appealing.
She made significant contributions through her U.N. diplomatic contacts with Libya for the hand over of accused
Lockerbie bombers to Scottish authorities. After Lockerbie, she worked as a back channel to Iraq on resuming weapons
She is innocent of all charges filed.
Lindauer reports that her role as a back channel operative for the U.S. resulted from a 1994 meeting with Dr. Richard
Fuisz in Chantilly, Virginia. He approached Lindauer who was then on the staff of Representative Ron Wyden (D-OR), now a
U.S. Senator. She says that Fuisz, reportedly
a CIA operative, wanted to get out information on terrorist threats from Syria and its proxies who he said were
responsible for the Lockerbie bombing. Fuisz claimed that he could identify the specific culprits behind the Lockerbie –
Pan Am 103 bombing.
She noted that her knowledge of Arab culture and her positions as an anti sanction, pro peace advocate positioned her
for service as a conduit to nations hostile to United States. This put her in a position, “to open a back channel to
receive terrorism information from those nations under sanctions.”
Lockerbie, Scotland and the Bombing of Pan Am 103
The Clinton administration was interested in using her as an entrée to communicate with Libya officials, according to
Lindauer. Her specific task was to help obtain the hand over of two suspects in the Lockerbie bombing
to stand trial for the destruction of the Pan Am flight and deaths of 259 passengers and 11 Lockerbie citizens
Lindauer described playing an instrumental role in negotiating the handover of the two suspected bombers from Libya
through her Libyan contacts at the U.N. mission. She performed the liaison role through the Libyan mission at the U.N.
As a result of her work and other efforts, she reports that Libya turned over two male suspects, al-Megrahi and Fhimah,
to Scottish authorities. They were indicted and tried for the bombing and 270 deaths. Scottish prosecutors convicted Al
Megrahi but not Fhimah.
During the lead up to the trial, Lindauer had serious questions about the guilt of the Libyans that she helped secure
for trial. She says, “Other Arab contacts told me that Mohammed Abu Talb
, Abu Nidal
, in addition to Ahmed Jibril
were the key to this awful crime.”
In 1998, she provided U.N. General Secretary Kofi Annan with a deposition
containing information that she obtained from Dr. Richard Fuisz. This was prior to Annan’s visit to Libya which
Lindauer says was for a meeting to discuss the Lockerbie trial with Gadaffi. In the deposition, she offered this:
“(Fuisz) says freely that he knows first hand that Libya was not involved in any capacity whatsoever. It's my
understanding that he can provide further details regarding his part in the investigation, or details identifying the
true criminals in this case.”
However, Fuisz was the subject of a 1990’s gag order and required specific permission from the U.S. in order to give a
sealed deposition for the Lockerbie trial.
Lindauer’s statement on Lockerbie caught the attention of the Scotland’s Sunday Herald:
[In 1994] One month before a court order was served on him (Fuisz) by the US government gagging him from speaking on the
grounds of national security, he spoke to US congressional aide Susan Lindauer, telling her he knew the identities of
the Lockerbie bombers and claiming they were not Libyan. Sunday Herald
May 28, 2000
The Herald discussed her role in negotiations with Libya:
Congressional aide Lindauer, who was involved in early negotiations over the Lockerbie trial, claims Fuisz made
"unequivocal statements to me that he has first-hand knowledge about the Lockerbie case". In her affidavit, she goes on:
"Dr Fuisz has told me that he can identify who orchestrated and executed the bombing. Dr Fuisz has said that he can
confirm absolutely that no Libyan national was involved in planning or executing the bombing of Pan Am 103, either in
any technical or advisory capacity whatsoever.” Sunday Herald
May 28, 2000
Her position was not that different than an analysis offered in Time Magazine
in 2002. Both she and Time speculate that Ahmed Jibril, a Palestinian resistance leader allied with Syria, was
responsible for the bombing. Time magazine even suggested that the terrorist act was a “hit” on a special U.S. military
group seeking to free American hostages held in Lebanon.
Just recently, Time
ran another article on findings by investigators raising factual questions that cast doubt on the guilty verdict of the
one suspect actually convicted in the case.
On June 28, 2007, Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission (SCCRC
) made a referral of the al Megrahi conviction for further review due to a critical flaw in the case. Evidence from a
Maltese shopkeeper that helped convict al Megrahi was accepted by trial judges without a “reasonable basis”. The SCCRC
is empowered to refer flawed decisions to Scotland’s Supreme Court, which must hear the case.
Just recently, October 2, 2007, The Scotsman
reported that “Fresh doubt has been cast over the conviction of the Lockerbie bomber after it emerged a document
containing vital evidence about the bomb timer has never been shown to the defense.”
In addition, The Scotsman
, Oct. 6, 2007, reported that two key witnesses, the Maltese shopkeeper and the head of the company that manufactured
the timing devise for the bomb, were offered $2 million and $4 million respectively by U.S. officials to tilt their
testimony for a conviction of al Megrahi.
Lindauer said that her work on Lockerbie started in 1995, “I was being used aggressively at this point for positive
things.” She didn’t see any inconsistency between her activism and her work with the intelligence community. She opposed
both sanctions by the United States and violence by terrorist states.
Thus, by her logic, her work for U.S. intelligence was no different than her activism – the goals were the same. She
said, “From the perspective of my life, I was able to work against sanctions” and also work against terrorism emanating
from rogue states. Noting the global reach of the events and the stakes, she now says, “This work makes you know how
small you are.”
An Opening to Iraq
After Lockerbie, Lindauer says her work focused exclusively on Iraq, although she’d started contact with Iraqi diplomats
at the U.N. in August, 1996. She followed her previous approach and sought out diplomats at the Iraq mission to the U.N.
Her assignment was to help gain a resumption of weapons inspections based on the rigorous standards outlined by the U.S.
She also made a trip to Iraq one year before the U.S. invasion.
During 2000, Lindauer began her efforts to cultivate Iraqi contacts for better relations with the U.S. She described an
extraordinary opportunity that might have changed the entire direction of U.S. - Iraq relations. As the secular dictator
of an Arab state, Hussein was not fond of Islamic terrorists. Lindauer reported to her U.S. contacts that the Iraq
government would welcome an F.B.I. taskforce into Baghdad. She reported further, that “The F.B.I. would be able to
interview witnesses and make arrests.” Further, she says that:
Iraq also offered banking records and proof of financial transfers that would prove Middle Eastern involvement in the
Oklahoma City bombing and the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993.
The program met with a frosty reception from the newly installed Bush administration. Lindauer said, “I was told that
the new administration was evaluating its position on Iraq, in light of collapsing international support for sanctions.”
There was no action on the plan. In fact, based on what we know now, improved relations with Iraq were not on the agenda from the beginning
of the Bush-Cheney era.
This leads to the second phase of her activities regarding Iraq, the events that ended with Lindauer’s arrest,
indictment, and incarceration at FMC Carswell, Ft. Worth, Texas.
A year before the invasion, in March 2002, Lindauer took a trip to Iraq to meet with government officials. She smiled
broadly as she affirmed the value of that mission: “It would be regrettable if the US government lied about its
knowledge of this trip.” She paused and smiled again, “We can prove their total awareness.”
Lindauer sent 11 letters to Card staring in 2001 leading her to pose this question: “If he wanted to discourage me to
stop talking to the Iraqis, all he had to do was say so.”
In the final letter sent to Card, Lindauer delivered her accurate prediction of the results of the invasion she worked
to avoid – a disaster in Iraq fueling resistance groups hostile to the U.S. along with a revival of al Qaeda.
She accurately estimated the true value of the exile groups cultivated by the Bush administration and, in the case of
Ahmed Chalabi, used almost exclusively by New York Times writer Judith Miller
as the basis for her discredited claims in New York Times that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction.
Once U.S. bombing starts, the Iraqi exiles will have no credibility as leaders. None whatsoever. They will be hated as
pawns of the United States, and my God, let me tell you Arabs can hate. A U.S. victory will never be sweet for long. Lindauer letter to Card, January 6, 2003*
She argued passionately, with dramatic emphasis, that there was a deep well of hostility towards the U.S. as a result of deaths
caused by U.S. supported U.N. sanctions from 1990 through March 22, 2003. This is a story not well covered in the U.S.
press but one with palpable results for the people of Iraq.
That hatred has kindled deeply because of the sanctions, Andy. Sanctions have killed 1.7 million human beings, including
almost one million little children. Stop and think. What would an American father do to the man who killed three of his
children, once that father could finally lay hands on the aggressor? Would he throw candy in the streets? No, he’d beat
him to death and stab him 100 times until his arms were sore. And then he’d look for the next man, stalking until the
right moment. In Baghdad, I met a man who lost 8 members of his immediate family in one year. That’s right, eight dead
in ONE year. Multiply that by 20 million people.” Lindauer letter to Card, January 6, 2003*
While the Department of Justice questions Lindauer’s role as a cooperator with U.S. Intelligence and a question was
raised about her ability to “influence anybody,” there can be little doubt about her analysis and predictions concerning
post-war Iraq. Just in this final letter, she nailed down the myth of the exiles
and their role
in building a new Iraq, the extreme hostility
of Iraqis toward the U.S. presence and personnel, and the resurrection
of al Qaeda and other terrorist groups.
Whatever her sources and inspiration, Susan Lindauer is truly an American Cassandra.
Permission to reproduce in whole or part with a link this article in Scoop Independent News and attribution of
authorship to Michael Collins.