As the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown or rāhui eases in New Zealand, people are gradually returning to public spaces and
workplaces. This provides an opportunity to think about different transport and travel options that could benefit people
as well as the planet.
It is timely that a major new research project has been jointly funded by two of New Zealand’s National Science
Challenges – Ageing Well and Healthier Lives – to investigate ways of “retro-fitting” the design of our cities that will
encourage more active modes of travel and reduce car dependence.
A major research collaboration called ACTIVATION*, led by Professor Karen Witten of Massey University and involving
researchers from numerous universities and research groups across New Zealand, will investigate the impact of transport
and community infrastructure on peoples’ health and wellbeing over four years.
Active travel, such as walking, biking and using public transport, offers effective and equitable ways to increase
physical activity across the whole population.
“We know physical activity has important health and wellbeing benefits, but we also know how hard it can be for people
to increase their physical activity. Streetscapes that support active travel are important but so are social and
cultural environments that encourage physical activity. It is unknown what the best mix of interventions would be to
increase active travel,” says Professor Witten.
“This research seeks to find what combination of interventions (or ‘sweet spots’) might trigger the uptake of active
travel behaviour to enhance health and wellbeing. We’ll evaluate several interventions aimed at increasing active
The ACTIVATION project will receive funding of $2.443 million over four years. It is centred on two different urban
sites, one in the North Island at Māngere in South Auckland and the other in the South Island at new developments in
In Māngere, a community with a high proportion of Pacific and Māori residents, the project will build on an intervention
where neighbourhood streets designed for car use have been retro-fitted to prioritise active travel. The project will
work with Safe and Healthy Streets South Auckland (SAHSSA), a collaboration between housing, transport and community
agencies. It will be a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of locally co-designed activities aimed at
increasing the connectivity of walking and biking infrastructure on residents’ physical activity, social connection and
In Christchurch, research focussed on new higher density city building developments will investigate changes in travel
practices associated with moving house to higher density central city living. Interviews and surveys with residents and
stakeholders will explore the factors that ensure success, such as attitude and behaviour change, and regulatory and
institutional requirements. The research will inform ways in which transport and housing design can be integrated to
encourage active mobility in urban regeneration programmes.
“We will undertake different kinds of research, involving residents, including kaumātua, local champions and service
providers, to learn what new interventions fit best with local opportunities and preferences. Once the interventions are
implemented, we will measure health and community-related impacts using survey and observational research,” says
Professor Simon Kingham, University of Canterbury and Ministry of Transport’s Chief Science Advisor, who will be leading
part of the work.
“The research will also provide insights about what enables or frustrates attempts by public agencies to develop
neighbourhoods that support active travel,” says Professor Witten.
The two National Science Challenges, Ageing Well and Healthier Lives, are excited to be working together to fund this
“Physical activity promotes healthy ageing,” says Ageing Well Director Associate Professor Louise Parr-Brownlie (Ngāti
Maniapoto me Te Arawa). “Active travel has important health and wellbeing benefits for individuals and whānau, and may
in turn generate collective community-wide benefits of safety, social connectivity and air quality.”
“Physical activity resulting from active travel also has the potential to reduce risk factor for non-communicable
diseases,” says Healthier Lives Director Professor Jim Mann. “Countries around the world are grappling with these
issues, in response to an increasing recognition of the link between human wellbeing and environmental sustainability,”
This project is a perfect opportunity to investigate the benefits of active travel for New Zealand communities.
*ACTIVATION stands for Activating Change through InterVentions for Active Travel in our Neighbourhoods