World University Rankings 2014-15

Published: Thu 2 Oct 2014 10:21 AM
- Concern for New Zealand as its only top-200 university, University of Auckland, falls down the rankings
California Institute of Technology holds on to the world number one spot for the fourth consecutive year, ahead of Harvard University in second and the University of Oxford in third
Leading Asian institutions continue to rise. Asia now has 24 universities in the world top 200, up from 20 last year. Two Asian universities now make the world top 25 and six make the top 50
Strong year for Australia, but bad news for New Zealand
UK loses three universities from the prestigious top 200 list, while power concentrates in the South East
Worrying evidence of decline in North America, with significant losses for both the US and Canada
Japan retains its position as Asia’s number one nation. But its universities lose ground against rising Asian nations, including China, Hong Kong and South Korea
Still no top-200 place for India, but it does have a new joint number-one university
Strong performance from the Middle East and North Africa, with Turkey making major rankings gains and representation for Morocco, Iran and Israel
The top 200 now features 28 countries, up from 26 countries last year, with Italy and Russia appearing as new entrants
Times Higher Education (THE) magazine today publishes its 2014-15 World University Rankings – the 11th annual edition of the globally trusted rankings.
The California Institute of Technology retains its place at the top for the fourth consecutive year, with Harvard University retaining second place. The UK’s University of Oxford slips one place from joint second to third, Stanford University holds fourth place and the UK’s University of Cambridge moves up two places to fifth.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (down one place to sixth), Princeton University (down one place to seventh), the University of California, Berkeley (holding eighth) and Imperial College London and Yale University (sharing ninth place) complete the top ten. The University of Chicago loses its top ten place, dropping to 11th.
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings, powered by Thomson Reuters, are the world’s most comprehensive global league tables, using 13 separate performance indicators to examine a university’s strengths against all its core missions – research, knowledge transfer, international outlook and, uniquely among global rankings, the teaching environment.
The THE rankings have been built into government policy and institutions’ strategic plans across the globe, and are the most widely known and most widely used rankings among internationally mobile students.
The US continues to dominate the rankings, taking seven of the top 10 places and 15 of the top 20. But this year it has lost significant ground. It has 74 universities in the top 200, down from 77 last year. After a fairly stable performance last year, 60 per cent of the US universities lost ground this year, and the nation suffered an average fall of 5.34 rankings places. As with previous years, publicly funded US universities suffered the worst losses.
It was a strong year for Asia. There are now 24 universities from the Asian continent in the top 200, compared to 20 last year. This year, two of its institutions appear in the world top 25 (Tokyo University and the National University of Singapore).
Japan’s University of Tokyo maintained its status as Asia’s number one – holding steady in 23rd place – and Japan retained its position as Asia’s top nation for world-class institutions, with five of the top 200 universities. But of Japan’s five universities, four lost ground.
The National University of Singapore this year closed in on Tokyo’s position as the number one in Asia, moving up one place into 25th. Singapore’s other top-200 university, Nanyang Technological University, continued an extraordinary rise, moving from 76th to 61st.
South Korea’s Seoul National University retained its top 50 position (slipping from 44th to 50th), while the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology continued an impressive rise to 52nd place from 56th last year. Sungkyunkwan University joined the top 200 for the first time, in 148th place, while Yonsei University dropped out.
Peking University in China slipped from 45th to 48th, while its close rival, Tsinghua University, rose for another consecutive year, this year moving one place to 49th. China also gained a new top-200 entrant, Fudan University entering the elite list at 193.
The University of Hong Kong maintained its position at 43rd in the world, while the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology moved up from 57th to 51st. Hong Kong also saw City University Hong Kong regain its place in the top 200, in 192nd place.
Australia had a strong year: it gained a new top 200 entrant (the University of Adelaide joining in 164th), and most of its universities moved up the table, led by University of Melbourne in 33rd position (up one place from last year).
There are 11 countries with one top-200 representative: Austria (University of Vienna, joint 182nd), Finland (Helsinki, joint 103rd), Israel (Tel Aviv University, joint 188th), Italy (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, 63rd), New Zealand (University of Auckland, joint 175th), Norway (Oslo, joint 186th), South Africa (University of Cape Town, joint 124th), Spain (Pompeu Fabra University, 165th), the Republic of Ireland (Trinity College Dublin, in 138th), Russia (Moscow State University, in joint 196th)and Taiwan (National Taiwan University, 155th).
Several countries have no top-200 institutions, but are represented in the 200-400 list, including: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Greece, Iceland, India, Iran, Macau, Poland, Portugal and Thailand.
Phil Baty, the editor of Times Higher Education World University Rankings, said:
“East Asia’s top universities continue their strong upward movement in the rankings, on the back of strong government financial support, strong leadership and a strong commitment to excellence in higher education and research. We now have two Asian universities in the world top 25 for the first time, with eight Asian institutions in or very close to the world top 50 and 24 Asian institutions in the top 200 – four more than last year.
“At the same time, many Western universities, in many cases starved of vital public funding, are losing ground. There is much talk of a power shift from East to West, but these new world university rankings provide hard evidence of the phenomenon. There is little doubt that key East Asian nations have emerged as powerhouses in global higher education and research, while traditional leaders including the UK, Canada and the US, risk losing significant ground in the global knowledge economy.”
On New Zealand
“These results will make difficult reading for New Zealand, as its flagship university, Auckland falls further away from the top of the rankings, and other universities slip or stagnate. Competition in the global knowledge economy is intensifying, and New Zealand will need to invest and work hard strategically to stay competitive – making the best of its geographical advantages in the thriving Asia-Pacific region.”
Copyright Times Higher Education 2014
If any of this table is reproduced, you must credit: Times Higher Education and link to the full results and analysis at
2014-15 Rank2013-14 RankInstitution nameCountry / region175164University of AucklandNew Zealand251-275226-250University of OtagoNew Zealand276-300276-300Victoria University of WellingtonNew Zealand301-350301-350University of CanterburyNew Zealand351-400301-350University of WaikatoNew Zealand
Copyright Times Higher Education 2014
If any of this table is reproduced, you must credit: Times Higher Education and link to the full results and analysis at
2014-15 Rank2013-14 RankInstitution nameCountry / region11California Institute of TechnologyUnited States22Harvard UniversityUnited States32University of OxfordUnited Kingdom44Stanford UniversityUnited States57University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom65Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUnited States76Princeton UniversityUnited States88University of California, BerkeleyUnited States910Imperial College LondonUnited Kingdom911Yale UniversityUnited States119University of ChicagoUnited States1212University of California, Los AngelesUnited States1314Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ZürichSwitzerland1413Columbia UniversityUnited States1515Johns Hopkins UniversityUnited States1616University of PennsylvaniaUnited States1718University of MichiganUnited States1817Duke UniversityUnited States1919Cornell UniversityUnited States2020University of TorontoCanada2122Northwestern UniversityUnited States2221University College LondonUnited Kingdom2323University of TokyoJapan2424Carnegie Mellon UniversityUnited States2526National University of SingaporeSingapore2625University of WashingtonUnited States2728Georgia Institute of TechnologyUnited States2827University of Texas at AustinUnited States2929University of Illinois - UrbanaUnited States2955Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenGermany2930University of Wisconsin MadisonUnited States3231University of British ColumbiaCanada3334University of MelbourneAustralia3437École Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland3432London School of Economics and Political ScienceUnited Kingdom3639University of EdinburghUnited Kingdom3733University of California, Santa BarbaraUnited States3840New York UniversityUnited States3935McGill UniversityCanada4038King's College LondonUnited Kingdom4140University of California, San DiegoUnited States4242Washington University Saint LouisUnited States4343University of Hong KongHong Kong4436Karolinska InstituteSweden4548Australian National UniversityAustralia4646University of MinnesotaUnited States4647University of North CarolinaUnited States4845Peking UniversityChina4950Tsinghua UniversityChina5044Seoul National UniversityKorea, Republic of5157Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong Kong5256Korea Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyKorea, Republic of5258University of ManchesterUnited Kingdom5452Brown UniversityUnited States5552University of California DavisUnited States5561Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenBelgium5750Boston UniversityUnited States5849Pennsylvania State UniversityUnited States5952Kyoto UniversityJapan6072University of SydneyAustralia6170École PolytechniqueFrance6176Nanyang Technological UniversitySingapore63Not rankedScuola Normale Superiore di PisaItaly6467Leiden UniversityNetherlands6563University of Queensland AustraliaAustralia6660Pohang University of Science and TechnologyKorea, Republic of6763University of GöttingenGermany6859Ohio State UniversityUnited States6965Rice UniversityUnited States7068Ruprecht Karl University of HeidelbergGermany7169Delft University of TechnologyNetherlands7273Erasmus University RotterdamNetherlands7377Wageningen University and Research CenterNetherlands7479University of BristolUnited Kingdom7574University of BaselSwitzerland7570University of Southern CaliforniaUnited States7783University of AmsterdamNetherlands7865École Normale Supérieure, ParisFrance7974Utrecht UniversityNetherlands8094Humboldt University of BerlinGermany8186Free University of BerlinGermany8283Michigan State UniversityUnited States8380Durham UniversityUnited Kingdom8391Monash UniversityAustralia85201-225Middle East Technical UniversityTurkey86103University of ArizonaUnited States8690University of Notre DameUnited States8893University of California, IrvineUnited States8880Tufts UniversityUnited States9085Ghent UniversityBelgium91132University of MassachusettsUnited States9178University of PittsburghUnited States9380Emory UniversityUnited States94117University of GlasgowUnited Kingdom9492McMaster UniversityCanada9688Vanderbilt UniversityUnited States9797University of ColoradoUnited States98103Stockholm UniversitySweden9887Technical University of MunichGermany98111Uppsala UniversitySweden10198Maastricht UniversityNetherlands10262Purdue UniversityUnited States103100University of HelsinkiFinland10396Pierre and Marie Curie UniversityFrance103141University of WarwickUnited Kingdom103121University of ZürichSwitzerland107124University of GenevaSwitzerland107114Queen Mary, University of LondonUnited Kingdom109136University of California, Santa CruzUnited States109114University of New South WalesAustralia111117University of St. AndrewsUnited Kingdom111121University of SussexUnited Kingdom113106Université de MontréalCanada113201-225Eberhard Karls University, TübingenGermany113100University of YorkUnited Kingdom11688Case Western Reserve UniversityUnited States11798University of GroningenNetherlands118102Royal Holloway, University of LondonUnited Kingdom119123Lund UniversitySweden120114Université Paris-SudFrance12195University of RochesterUnited States121112University of SheffieldUnited Kingdom121117Technical University of DenmarkDenmark124109University of AlbertaCanada124126University of Cape TownSouth Africa126135Boston CollegeUnited States126128University of FloridaUnited States126117Royal Institute of TechnologySweden129109Chinese University of Hong KongHong Kong130112University of VirginiaUnited States131137Lancaster UniversityUnited Kingdom132157University of BernSwitzerland132108University of Maryland, College ParkUnited States132146University of SouthamptonUnited Kingdom135251-275Dresden University of TechnologyGermany136132University of LausanneSwitzerland136144VU University AmsterdamNetherlands138129Trinity College DublinIreland139199Boğaziçi UniversityTurkey140131Radboud University NijmegenNetherlands141139Colorado School of MinesUnited States141159Texas A UniversityUnited States141125Tokyo Institute of TechnologyJapan144106Eindhoven University of TechnologyNetherlands144103Rutgers, the State University of New JerseyUnited States146139University of LeedsUnited Kingdom147164Brandeis UniversityUnited States148153University of BirminghamUnited Kingdom148201-225Sungkyunkwan UniversityKorea, Republic of150148University of California, RiversideUnited States150132Indiana UniversityUnited States152126Dartmouth CollegeUnited States153138Aarhus UniversityDenmark154148University of ExeterUnited Kingdom155142National Taiwan UniversityTaiwan156129RWTH Aachen UniversityGermany157169University of LiverpoolUnited Kingdom157144Osaka UniversityJapan157168University of Western AustraliaAustralia160150University of CopenhagenDenmark160156École Normale Supérieure de LyonFrance162143University of UtahUnited States163152University of FreiburgGermany164201-225University of AdelaideAustralia165201-225Istanbul Technical UniversityTurkey165154Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyGermany165164Pompeu Fabra UniversitySpain165150Tohoku UniversityJapan169185University of MiamiUnited States170164University of AntwerpBelgium171172Université Catholique de LouvainBelgium171157University of NottinghamUnited Kingdom173160Georgetown UniversityUnited States173201-225University of VictoriaCanada175164University of AucklandNew Zealand175161University of IowaUnited States177Not rankedSyracuse UniversityUnited States178188University of AberdeenUnited Kingdom178155Joseph Fourier University - Grenoble 1France180174University of DelawareUnited States180178University Paris Diderot - Paris 7France182146Arizona State UniversityUnited States182Not rankedSabanci UniversityTurkey182170University of ViennaAustria185184Northeastern UniversityUnited States186185University of OsloNorway186172Yeshiva UniversityUnited States188185University of OttawaCanada188178Stony Brook UniversityUnited States188199Tel Aviv UniversityIsrael191176State University of New York BuffaloUnited States192201-225City University of Hong KongHong Kong193201-225Fudan UniversityChina193183Iowa State UniversityUnited States195181University of BonnGermany196226-250Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityRussian Federation196201-225St George's, University of LondonUnited Kingdom198174University of East AngliaUnited Kingdom199161University of LeicesterUnited Kingdom200197Florida Institute of TechnologyUnited States200194George Washington UniversityUnited States
Copyright Times Higher Education 2014
If any of this table is reproduced, you must credit: Times Higher Education and link to the full results and analysis at
Country / regionInstitutions in WUR top 200 2014-15Institutions in WUR top 200 in 2013-14Difference 2013-14 to 2014-15Highest ranked institutionTHE WUR 2014-15 RankUnited States7477-3California Institute of Technology1United Kingdom2931-2University of Oxford3Germany12102Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München29Netherlands1112-1Leiden University64Canada871University of Toronto20Australia871University of Melbourne33Switzerland770Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich13France78-1École Polytechnique61Sweden550Karolinska Institute44Japan550University of Tokyo23Turkey413Middle East Technical University85Korea, Republic of440Seoul National University50Hong Kong431University of Hong Kong43Belgium45-1Katholieke Universiteit Leuven55Denmark330Technical University of Denmark121China321Peking University48Singapore220National University of Singapore25Taiwan110National Taiwan University155Spain110Pompeu Fabra University165South Africa110University of Cape Town124Russian Federation101Lomonosov Moscow State University196Norway110University of Oslo186New Zealand110University of Auckland175Italy101Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa63Israel12-1Tel Aviv University188Ireland12-1Trinity College Dublin138Finland110University of Helsinki103Austria110University of Vienna182
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Free iPhone app, 2014-15
The 2014-15 rankings are available via a free Times Higher Education iPhone app, containing full rankings information on the world’s top 400 institutions. Powered by data from Thomson Reuters, the app allows users to change the rankings’ official weighting scheme to create their own personalised lists based on personal preferences. The app is available free on the iTunes store from 21.00 BST on Wednesday 1 October 2014.
Notes to editors
Methodology key facts
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-15 draw upon:
• The world’s largest academic reputation survey (around 10,000 academics in 2014, and almost 70,000 since 2010)
• 50 million citations analysed and compared with the world average from the same field
• Arts, humanities and social sciences placed on an equal footing with science
• Thirteen indicators across five areas have been taken into account, making this the ONLY world rankings to examine ALL the core missions of a modern global university: research, teaching, knowledge transfer and international activity
The indicators are:
Industry income – innovation
1. Research income from industry/academic staff
Teaching – the learning environment
2. Reputation survey – teaching
3. Staff-to-student ratio
4. PhDs/undergraduate degrees awarded
5. PhDs awarded/academic staff
6. Institutional income/academic staff
Citations – research influence
7. Citation impact (normalised average citations per paper)
Research – volume, income and reputation
8. Reputation survey – research
9. Research income/academic staff
10. Scholarly papers/academic staff and research staff
International outlook – staff, students and research
11. International students/total students
12. International academic staff/total academic staff
13. Scholarly papers with one or more international co-authors/total scholarly papers
Terminology and intellectual property
• The full title of the tables is “Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-15”
• Data for the Times Higher Education World University Rankings were provided by Thomson Reuters from its Global Institutional Profiles Project, a multi-stage process that collects and validates factual data about academic institutional performance across a range of aspects and multiple disciplines.
• Any publication of the “Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-15” tables (in full or part) should include full attribution to “Times Higher Education with data supplied by Thomson Reuters”
• YOU MUST include the following link when publishing the “Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014-15” tables (in full or in part):
About Times Higher Education magazine
Times Higher Education is the world’s most authoritative source of information about higher education. Designed specifically for professional people working in higher education and research, THE was founded in 1971 and has been online since 1995. It is published by TES Global.
About Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters is the world's leading source of intelligent information for businesses and professionals. We combine industry expertise with innovative technology to deliver critical information to leading decision-makers in the financial and risk, legal, tax and accounting, intellectual property and science and media markets, powered by the world's most trusted news organisation. With headquarters in New York and major operations in London and Eagan, Minnesota, Thomson Reuters employs approximately 60,000 people and operates in more than 100 countries. For more information, see
About rankings supplement sponsor IELTS
In celebration of 25 years of IELTS testing, this year’s supplement is proudly sponsored by IELTS, the world’s most popular high-stakes test of English for study, work and global migration. Thousands of universities, colleges and tertiary institutions all over the world, including more than 3,000 institutions in the US, welcome IELTS results from students applying for admission. Students seeking to study in the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the UK can sit an IELTS test at more than 900 test locations across the globe. Students using the WUR app will be able find their nearest test centre and upcoming test dates.

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