Families contribute to unique study
Families in five North Island east coast communities will share their experiences about the end-of-life care of an older
family member for a unique community study.
Over the next three years, families and whānau will offer their experiences about the care received by older family
members at the end of life.
The purpose of the project is to build up community-based models of palliative and end of life care. As New Zealand, in
line with the rest of the OECD, is experiencing a rapidly aging population, the results will have national implications.
The study recently received just over $1.1 million in funding from the Health Research Council NZ, enabling it to start
“This is the first study we know of where older people have been asked to identify their priorities for end of life care
and give the contact details for a family/whānau member to be interviewed after their death to determine the extent to
which these were actually met”, says Professor Merryn Gott, the study’s principal investigator.
Professor Gott, from The University of Auckland’s School of Nursing, says the researchers will travel around the east
coast communities, talking to the family/whānau of now deceased older family members who gave consent for the interviews
to take place after their death.
They will work closely with community partners in the communities of Tauranga, Rotorua, Whakatane, Opotiki and Te Kaha.
The study, known as Te Pākeketanga, will include interviews with up to 60 Māori and non-Māori families/whānau. It is a
sub-study of the LiLACS NZ longitudinal study, which is examining many aspects of aging for both Maori and Non-Maori
over the age of 85 years.
LILACS NZ stands for ‘Life and Living in Advanced Age Cohort Study in NZ’ or ‘Te Puawaitanga o Nga Tapuwae Kia Ora
The study team includes project lead Dr Tess Moeke-Maxwell (Ngai Tai ki Tamaki and Ngati Pukeko) and Stella Black
(Tuhoe) who will conduct the in-depth interviews with up to 30 Māori whānau in rural and urban east coast communities.
Dr Lisa Williams will work with Dr Moeke-Maxwell, interviewing up to 30 non-Māori participants from these areas.
“We will be asking them about the services that were available to support them to care for the older person in these
five areas,” says Professor Gott. “We’ll focus on working collaboratively with the participant’s whānau/family, using
input from the whole family wherever possible.”
“It’s exciting that our team gets to work with different community organisations and NGOs, both Māori and non-Māori,”
she says. “They are the experts in their communities and the families they provide support to are the holders of
knowledge about their family members’ end of life journey and care preferences.”
“In the wider context, our population is rapidly aging. This study helps to show us what the priorities for care are in
these communities,” says Professor Gott.
Dr Moeke-Maxwell adds: “there’s a myth about large Māori families being around to look after their older people, but
that’s often not the case anymore,” she says. “It’s also evident that people move around a lot and we will look at
what’s happening with older people and their families, and how whānau respond to their needs given there are other
pressures intervening for the carer.”
As this is a study related to the LILAC NZ study, there is already a group of older people (since passed on) who gave
their consent for the interview to take place after death. The process allows up to three people to be nominated as
people they want to be interviewed, and these people can then identify other family members who can be consulted for the
“This gives us a more nuanced perspective of all the things that were going on for that kaumatua or older person,” says
Dr Moeke-Maxwell. “It allows whānau and families to have a retrospective or reflexive view on behalf of that older
person who died.”
“The carers become the story-holders for that older person and because of that, they will probably be able to share what
they have observed about what happened, and they will probably have a good perception of that older person’s end of life
preferences, and could possibly comment on their own preferences and experiences as well,” she says.
The study is also unusual in giving the family a summary report of their interviews. Whānau or families have the
opportunity to add to, or change their information.
“It will be a reflection or celebration of that older person life and their journey through birth to advanced age and
death,” Dr Moeke-Maxwell says. “It’s quite unique – giving something back to the participants like this; they will keep
their taonga (treasured story); we hope it becomes a living memory and a reflection of the older person, their family
and the journey they have shared.”
This study is a sub-study of LiLACS NZ that addresses the gap in information around predictors of successful advanced
ageing for Māori and non-Māori living in New Zealand.
People over age 85 years, are the fastest growing population group in New Zealand, projected to grow from one per cent
to six per cent of the population by 2050.
The LILACS NZ (Life and Living in Advanced Age: A Cohort Study in New Zealand, Te Puāwaitanga o Ngā Tapuwae Kia Ora
Tonu) longitudinal study that started in 2010 aims to determine the predictors of successful advanced ageing and
understand the trajectories of health and wellbeing in advanced age. The LILACS NZ team consists of Māori and non-Māori
investigators based at the University of Auckland as well as community partners based in Tauranga, Rotorua, Whakatāne,
Opotiki and Te Kaha.
The study has four main aims are to:
1. Establish the health status of people in advanced age;
2. Establish predictors of successful advanced ageing for older Māori and non-Māori;
3. Describe trajectories in function and transitions in care for those in advanced age; and
4. Establish the relative importance of health, frailty, cultural, social & economic factors (and others) in predicting relevant outcomes.