Times Higher Education Publishes 2013 World Reputation Rankings
•Australia is the success story of the 2013 rankings, with existing representatives improving their position joined by
two new top 100 entrants
•Harvard University again heads an elite top six of Anglo-American “super-brands” that has pulled further away from the
•East Asian institutions make strong progress in the global index of academic prestige
•No New Zealand institutions make the world top 100 list
•Top 100 representation for Brazil, Russia and China, but nothing for the remaining BRIC nation, India
Australia has emerged as one of the strongest performers in the 2013 Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings
The annual list, a subsidiary of the prestigious THE World University Rankings, are based on the largest worldwide invitation-only survey of senior academic opinion. They
provide the only global index based purely on the power of university brands.
Reputation both reflects and drives university success, attracting staff, students, business investment, research
partners and benefactions in a highly competitive global market.
This year’s rankings have again provided strong evidence of an elite group of six US and UK global “super-brands” that
stands head and shoulders above the rest. The group is headed by Harvard University, followed by the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, the University of Cambridge, the University of Oxford, the University of California, Berkeley
and Stanford University.
Although Oxford has swapped places with Stanford this year, the top six’s membership has remained consistent since the
World Reputation Rankings’ first edition in 2011, with the gap between it and the chasing pack widening each year.
In the opinion of those who recognise quality in university teaching and research better than anyone – academics
themselves – the US continues to dominate, with 43 universities in the world top 100 list. However, this dominance is
slowly waning: it had 45 representatives in the top 100 in 2011 and 44 last year.
Outside the US, the UK has the most top 100 representatives (nine), but its overall showing has declined from 12 in
In terms of representation in the top 100, the US and the UK are followed by Australia, which has moved ahead of Japan
and the Netherlands and now has six representatives (up from four last year). Monash University (91-100 band) and the
University of New South Wales (81-90 band) enter the top 100 for the first time, while Australia’s existing
representatives, led by the University of Melbourne (up from 43rd to 39th), improve their standings.
Japan, the Netherlands and Germany each have five top 100 institutions, with Germany gaining a new entrant in 2013
(Freie Universität Berlin, which has entered the 91-100 band).
In total, 20 countries are represented.
Japan still carries the torch for Asia with five top 100 institutions, but it has lost some of its lustre. Its top 10
player, the University of Tokyo, has slipped one place to ninth, while Kyoto University has fallen out of the top 20.
Osaka University remains in the 51-60 group, but both Tohoku University and the Tokyo Institute of Technology have
fallen from that band to the 61-70 cluster.
As Japan’s prestige falls, that of its East Asian rivals rises.
The National University of Singapore climbs one place to 22nd (it was 27th in 2011) while the Republic of Korea’s Seoul
National University has improved its standing (entering the top 50 this year), as has the Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology (up from 81-90 to 61-70).
Mainland China strikes the only disappointing note amid the East Asian celebrations: its two flagship universities have
slipped slightly (Tsinghua University from 30th to 35th and Peking University from 38th to 45th), but they remain top 50
The World Reputation Rankings are part of the portfolio of university ranking systems that have established Times Higher Education as the most respected and cited provider of comparative university performance data in the world. The reputation
rankings are based on a global invitation-only opinion poll carried out by Ipsos MediaCT for Times Higher Education’s rankings data supplier, Thomson Reuters. The poll has attracted 48,000 responses from more than 150 countries in
three years. The 2013 results are based on 16,639 responses from senior published academics.
Research by international student recruitment agency IDP has shown that a university’s “reputation/ranking” is the
single most important consideration for students choosing study destinations, above fees and even course content (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking/analysis/name-is-the-game
A separate study by the World 100 Reputation Network has found that institutional reputation is the number one factor
for international academic staff changing jobs (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26=419275
• There are 20 countries represented in the world top 100 reputation list.
• Five are represented in the top 20: the US, the UK, Japan, Canada and Switzerland.
• The highest-ranking university outside the UK and the US is Japan’s University of Tokyo (ninth, down one place).
• Brazil is represented by the University of São Paulo, which holds its position in the 61-70 band.
• Israel and Turkey, with one institution each, represent the Middle East. Israel has lost one of its top 100
representatives (Tel Aviv University).
• Switzerland has lost one of its three top 100 institutions (the University of Zürich), but its highest-placed
representative, ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, has entered the top 20.
• India does not have a single university in the top 100.
• France has four representatives, led by the Université Paris-Sorbonne, although none make the top 50.
• There are six countries (compared with four last year) with one representative in the top 100: Brazil, Taiwan,
Belgium, Israel, Russia and Turkey.
• The Republic of Ireland is not represented.
Phil Baty, editor of Times Higher Education rankings, said:
“A university’s reputation is subjective, but it matters deeply in today’s highly competitive global marketplace, and it
has serious real-world impact – helping to attract top student and academic talent, and encouraging industrial
investment and benefactions.
“It is clear that no university, no matter how prestigious, can afford to be complacent in this fast-moving,
information-rich global age. New forces in higher education are emerging, especially in the Asia-Pacific countries that
are investing heavily in building world-class universities, so the traditional elite must be very careful. In the three
years that the World Reputation Rankings have been running, we have clear evidence that the US and the UK in particular
are losing ground.”
“Australia is a country very much on the way up in terms of worldwide academic prestige. On the back of significant
gains in 2012, it has had another great year in the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings. The country has gained two new top 100 representatives – Monash University and the
University of New South Wales – taking its total to six. This means it has jumped into third place behind the US and the
UK in the list of the best-represented countries in the 2013 World Reputation Rankings. Australia can also boast a top
40 university: its best-ranked institution, the University of Melbourne, has moved up to 39th.
“In many ways these results show that Australia’s image among scholars around the world is catching up with the reality:
until now it has tended to perform less well in the reputation rankings compared with the overall, objective World
University Rankings, which come out every autumn. These results show how well poised Australia is to make the most of
its geographical advantages: while it has strong links with the best universities in the West, it has also made the most
of East Asia’s booming higher education scene. If it continues to exploit these opportunities, Australia could be a
serious beneficiary of the Asian century, which is great news for its economy and competitiveness.”
Speaking to the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings supplement, Monash University president Ed Byrne, said:
“Australia is ideally situated between the rising academic powerhouses of Asia and the established centres in the old
West… I anticipate a bright future.”
The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2013
2013 Rank2012 RankInstitutionCountry11Harvard University US22Massachusetts Institute of Technology US33University of Cambridge UK46University of Oxford UK55University of California, Berkeley US64Stanford University US77Princeton University US89University of California, Los Angeles US98University of Tokyo Japan1010Yale University US1111California Institute of Technology US1212University of Michigan US1315Columbia University US=1414University of Chicago US=1413Imperial College London UK16=16University of Toronto Canada17=16Cornell University US1819University of Pennsylvania US1918Johns Hopkins University US=2021University College London UK=2022ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich Switzerland22=23National University of Singapore Singapore2320Kyoto University Japan24=23University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign US2529London School of Economics and Political Science UK2637Carnegie Mellon University US=2732University of Texas at Austin US=2728University of Washington US2934New York University US3027University of Wisconsin-Madison US=31=25University of British Columbia Canada=3133Duke University US=31=25McGill University Canada3436University of California, San Diego US3530Tsinghua University China36=39University of Hong Kong Hong Kong3735Northwestern University US3841Georgia Institute of Technology US3943University of Melbourne Australia4031University of California, San FranciscoUS4151-60Seoul National University Republic of Korea=42=44Australian National University Australia=42=39University of Massachusetts US4442Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Germany4538Peking University China4649University of Edinburgh UK4751-60University of Manchester UK48=44University of California, Davis US4950University of Sydney Australia=50-Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation=50=47Purdue University US51-6051-60Delft University of Technology Netherlands51-6061-70École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland51-6091-100Middle East Technical University Turkey51-60=47University of Minnesota US51-6046University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill US51-6051-60Ohio State University US51-6051-60Osaka University Japan51-6051-60Pennsylvania State University US51-6051-60University of California, Santa Barbara US51-6061-70National Taiwan University Taiwan61-7061-70Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong61-7051-60Karolinska Institute Sweden61-7061-70King’s College London UK61-7081-90Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Republic of Korea61-7081-90Leiden University Netherlands61-7061-70University of São Paulo Brazil61-7061-70University of Southern California US61-7061-70Technische Universität München Germany61-7051-60Tohoku University Japan61-7051-60Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan71-8061-70Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel71-8061-70Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Germany71-8081-90Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Belgium71-8071-80Michigan State University US71-8081-90Nanyang Technological University Singapore71-8071-80Université Paris-SorbonneFrance71-8061-70University of Pittsburgh US71-8071-80University of QueenslandAustralia71-8071-80Universität Heidelberg Germany81-9071-80University of Amsterdam Netherlands81-9091-100Boston University US81-9081-90Brown University US81-9081-90Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong81-9091-100École Polytechnique France81-9081-90University of Florida US81-90-University of New South Wales Australia81-9091-100Université Pierre et Marie Curie France81-9091-100Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey US81-9071-80Utrecht University Netherlands81-9071-80Washington University in St Louis US91-10091-100University of Bristol UK91-100-Freie Universität Berlin Germany91-10081-90Lund University Sweden91-100-University of Maryland, College Park US91-100-Monash University Australia91-10091-100Université Paris-SudFrance91-10071-80Texas A University US91-10071-80Uppsala University Sweden91-10091-100Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands
The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2013
State of the nations: representatives of each country in the top 100
Country Number of top 100 institutionsTop institutionTop institution rankUS43Harvard University 1UK9University of Cambridge 3Australia6University of Melbourne 39Germany5Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 44Japan5University of Tokyo 9Netherlands5Delft University of Technology 51-60France 4Université Paris-Sorbonne71-80Canada3University of Toronto 16Hong Kong3University of Hong Kong 36Sweden3Karolinska Institute 61-70Switzerland2ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich =20Republic of Korea2Seoul National University 41Singapore2National University of Singapore 22China2Tsinghua University 35Israel1Hebrew University of Jerusalem 71-80Russian Federation1Lomonosov Moscow State University =50Turkey1Middle East Technical University 51-60Taiwan1National Taiwan University 51-60Belgium1Katholieke Universiteit Leuven 71-80Brazil1University of São Paulo 61-70
Methodology key facts
• The World Reputation Rankings are based on the results of the Academic Reputation Survey carried out by Ipsos
MediaCT for Thomson Reuters, data supplier to the Times Higher Education rankings. The 2013 World Reputation Rankings are based on 16,639 responses from 144 countries to the survey distributed
in April-May 2012.
• The survey is available in nine languages and is distributed based on United Nations data to ensure it
accurately reflects the global distribution of scholars. Times Higher Education does not allow volunteers to take part in the survey and accepts no nominations from institutions or any third party.
• The poll asks academics to nominate no more than 15 of the best institutions in their narrow field of expertise,
based on their experience and knowledge, making it a rigorous global measure of academic prestige.
• For the 2013 table, some 39 per cent of responses were from the Americas, with 26 per cent from Europe, 25 per
cent from Asia Pacific and 12 per cent from Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia (figures rounded).
• Eighteen per cent of respondents were from the physical sciences, 21.3 per cent from engineering and technology,
22.1 per cent from the social sciences, 15.4 per cent from clinical subjects, 12.7 per cent from life sciences and 10.5
per cent from the arts and humanities.
The full methodology of the survey, and a copy of the survey instrument, is available at: http://ip-science.thomsonreuters.com/globalprofilesproject/gpp-reputational/methodology/
Data for the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings were provided by Thomson Reuters from its Global Institutional Profiles project, an ongoing
multi-stage process to collect and validate factual data about academic institutional performance across a variety of
aspects and multiple disciplines: http://science.thomsonreuters.com/globalprofilesproject/
iPhone app – World University Rankings
The separate 2012-2013 World University Rankings, based on 13 largely objective indicators, are available online at http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/
and via a free Times Higher Education iPhone app, which provides rankings data on the world’s best-performing 400 institutions and includes information such
as average tuition fees per institution and the cost of living in each university location. Powered by Thomson Reuters,
the app allows users to create their own rankings based on personal preferences and criteria weightings so that they can
find the institution that best suits their needs.
About Times Higher Education magazine
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people working in higher education and research, Times Higher Education was founded in 1971 and has been online since 1995. Times Higher Education is published by TSL Education Ltd
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