With total grain production for the 2019/20 season well up over one million tonnes, it’s great to see that willing
growers are finding willing buyers, Federated Farmers Arable Vice-Chairperson Grains, Brian Leadley, says.
According to the just-released October Arable Industry Marketing Initiative (AIMI) report, cereal grain production
(wheat, barley and oats) for the season totaled an estimated 881,800 tonnes, and maize grain 181,800 tonnes, for a total
of 1,063,600 tonnes.
Unsold stocks of grain, across all six crops are estimated to have reduced by 50 percent between 1 July and October 10.
Even when compared to the same time last year, unsold stocks across all six crops are pretty much unchanged, with an
increase in the unsold stocks of milling and feed wheat (57,600 tonnes, up by 18,600 tonnes) offset by a decrease in
unsold stocks of malting and feed barley (38,700 tonnes, down by 18,900 tonnes), Brian said.
"Obviously, we have plenty of end users recognising the benefits of quality NZ-grown grains, whether that’s for products
for human consumption or for stock feed."
The AIMI survey report said the total area sown, or intended to be sown, in cereal crops is estimated to be 95,500
hectares, down 3 percent on last year. At the date of the survey (10 October) 85 percent of this total area had been
planted, with 15% left to sow.
Spring sowings in Southland have been delayed by wet conditions while growers in other regions have reported concern
over low moisture levels. This underlined the case that re-sowing paddocks used for winter grazing by a blanket national
deadline, despite regional climate variations, was a flawed approach, Brian said.
"The intent of the freshwater regulations - to stop nutrients from moving - is right, because plants hold the soil. But
to try to do it by putting a timeframe on it, with no regard to good management practice allied to weather conditions,
is detached from common sense."
Heavy sowing machinery used on paddocks that are too wet just compacts the soil.
"You get a double hit. You get run-off from compact soil, and it also means that you might only get 40 to 50 percent
germination of the plants. Fewer plants means less root mass to hold the soil."
Some Covid-related turbulence is still apparent in contracts for malting barley. The AIMI report found the percentage of
hectares forward sold as at 10 October for malting barley was only 41 percent, compared to 97 percent at the same time
"It’s known that the lockdown and subsequent restrictions hit the sale of kegged beer, thought bottled beer for drinking
at home continued apace.
"I think it’s just that uncertainty factor," Brian said.
"There had been talk that China’s ban on Australia’s barley might lead to product landing on us from across the Tasman
but it hasn’t happened. Our local industry is pretty committed to domestic grain."
Brian was confident the malting barley market and forward contracts would pick up again.