26 October 2016
Uncertain future for RPR
Political, economic and social instability in South America and North Africa is making it increasingly difficult for New
Zealand farmers to get their hands on in-spec reactive phosphate rock (RPR).
Major farm nutrient supplier Ballance Agri-Nutrients has been without an RPR product since autumn when a Peruvian
supplier couldn’t deliver product in-spec and at volumes required to meet of the needs of NZ farmers.
CEO Mark Wynne said since then the co-operative had been working hard to find an alternative RPR supply, eventually
finding a source in Morocco. “We had very limited options that would meet both nutrient specifications and continuity of
“Our understanding is that other major suppliers are having similar difficulties.”
Fertmark has specifications on phosphate, citric solubility and cadmium that products imported into New Zealand must
meet in order to be marketed and sold as RPR.
Mr Wynne said tests prior to product leaving Morocco returned favourable results, however testing on arrival in New
Zealand during unloading showed the product did not consistently meet citric solubility specifications. Results were
verified in further independent testing.
Mr Wynne said that following the test results, it was a ‘no brainer’ not to market and sell the shipment as RPR. “We’ve
built the Ballance co-op on a foundation of science and our credibility is not something we’re prepared to compromise.”
He said that conversations with farmers over the past week have confirmed there is still demand for the off-spec
phosphate rock, in particular for organic farmers looking for a slow release rock that meets BioGro certification
standards. “Customers appreciate our transparency around this issue. We’ll continue to sell the product where there is
demand, but we’re being open about the fact that it doesn’t meet the grade as an RPR.”
Depending on the drivers for using RPR there are a number of other alternatives for customers looking for a low water
soluble and pH neutral source of phosphate such as SerpSuper or Dicalcic Phosphate. For others less concerned about
water solubility or acidity then Superten or a blended product mix is recommended.
With regards to the future of RPR Mr Wynne said given recent experiences globally he was uncertain of volume and
continuity of supply for on-spec product. Ballance was continuing to work with its international supply partners to meet
future market needs.
Small volumes of RPR are available from various parts of the world, but quality is variable and volumes are
RPR is a natural phosphate product suitable for direct application that is traditionally sourced from South America or
North Africa. It is usually used in maintenance applications where phosphate levels are optimum, by organic farmers, or
blended with water soluble phosphate to offer a quick and slow release combination.