The scale of this crisis is so great that I have to speak out so that the world reacts declares musician Baaba Maal
after visiting the south of Mauritania
During a 48 hour visit to the Gorgol region of Mauritania, Senegalese musician Baaba Maal discovered the harsh reality
for communities affected by a food crisis that now touches one in four people across the country. Today 700,000 people
are food insecure in Mauritania.
“What is happening in this part of Africa is so close to my heart. People are suffering, especially children. I cannot
watch and do nothing,” declared Baaba Maal after visiting Mauritanian communities at the centre of the current food
crisis in the Sahel. Low rainfall, poor harvests, a lack of pasture and rising food prices are among the key factors
driving this crisis.
Baaba Maal is playing at WOMAD New Zealand 2012 in New Plymouth in March, but before heading to New Zealand, he visited
some of the worst hit areas of Africa meeting people in the south of the country, not far from his home village in
Senegal. “Some families have almost nothing to eat, and I worry about how they will feed themselves until the next
The Senegalese singer, internationally renowned and recognised for his commitment to development in Africa, launched an
appeal to the international community for urgent action: “We cannot watch and do nothing while our brothers and sisters
in Mauritania are victims of such a crisis. I have been able to see the solutions that are being put in place. We have
to support and strengthen them .
“I met Hamila, a mother of five children, who had just bought a bag of rice thanks to money provided by Oxfam. This
money will allow her to feed her family over the coming weeks. Hamila is among the most vulnerable people in her
community but there are many other people who need our help” explained Baaba Maal.
Last December, Oxfam and its partners launched a humanitarian response in the south of Mauritania in order to provide
assistance to 30,000 people, and are planning to scale up operations to avoid a major crisis. In coordination with the
emergency plan developed by the Government, the organisation has put in place cash transfers to allow populations to
protect their livelihoods. Other actions to improve access to clean drinking water are also underway in order to prevent
water-borne diseases that lead to malnutrition, especially in children.
“When I was young, this region was totally green but every year I see it becoming more and more dry. Yet water is there,
in the river and in the ground. We have to work together and join forces to alleviate the impacts of these crises, so
that we never see this situation repeated again”, added Baaba Maal.
Oxfam is calling for urgent interventions to avoid the worst over the coming months, as well as long-term investments to
strengthen the resilience of populations, allow communities to cope with bad years, and prevent crises of the future. As
well as Mauritania, Oxfam is actively supporting communities affected by this crisis in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger
- 12 million people in the Sahel risk being victims of a serious food crisis if rapid action is not taken. 700,000 of
these people live in Mauritania.
- Low rainfall and ground water levels, poor harvests, a lack of pasture, reduction in remittances from migrants and
rising food prices are causing serious difficulties for populations in Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad and
- In Mauritania, cereal production in 2011 was over 50% lower than in 2010, and food prices are between 20 and 40%
higher than previous years (Fewsnet, January 2012).
- Nearly one quarter of households (24.6%) in rural areas are food insecure, 12.9% severely. The majority of
agricultural households produced almost nothing in the harvests, and food reserves from last year have been long
- The instability which is affecting the region, especially the situation in the north of Mali, risks having a negative
impact on the food crisis.
- The European Commission estimates that €700 million will be needed over the next six months to support 12 million
people across the Sahel.