At least eight people have died along the border between Belarus and the European Union, where multiple groups of
asylum-seekers, refugees and migrants have been stranded for weeks in increasingly dire conditions.
The UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR
, appealed for urgent action
on Friday, to save lives and prevent further suffering at the border with Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. The latest
casualty was reported within the past few days.
warned that the situation will further and rapidly deteriorate as winter approaches, putting more lives in danger.
For the Agency’s Regional Director for Europe, Pascale Moreau, “when fundamental human rights are not protected, lives are at stake.”
“It is unacceptable that people have died, and the lives of others are precariously hanging in the balance. They are
held hostage by a political stalemate which needs to be solved now,” he said.
According to media reports, the EU regards the increase in asylum seekers at the border, a direct result of Belarus, in
effect, weaponizing migrants, in retaliation for sanctions placed on the Government over the suppression of the protest
movement following last year’s disputed re-election of President Lukashenko.International group
Among those stranded are 32 Afghan women, men and children. They have been left in limbo between Poland and Belarus
since mid-August, unable to access asylum and any form of assistance. They do not have proper shelter and no secure
source of food or water.
A group of 16 Afghans tried to cross into Poland this week, but they were apprehended and not allowed to apply for
asylum. They were also denied access to legal assistance. Within a few hours, they were pushed back across the border to
So far, UNHCR has not been granted access to meet with the group from the Polish side, despite repeated requests, and
only met them a few times from the Belarusian side to deliver life-saving aid.International law
The Agency has been advocating for the group to be granted asylum, since the Afghans have expressed their wish to settle
either in Belarus or in Poland.
The request has been ignored by both sides. For UNHCR, that is “a clear violation of international refugee law and
international human rights law.”
“We urge Belarus and Poland, as signatories to the 1951 Refugee Convention, to abide by their international legal
obligations and provide access to asylum for those seeking it at their borders.
“Pushbacks, that deny access to territory and asylum, violate human rights in breach of international law”, said Mr. Moreau.
UNHCR urges the authorities to determine and address humanitarian and international protection needs, and find viable
solutions. The agency also stands ready to support refugees, together with other relevant stakeholders.
“People must be able to exercise their rights where they are, be it in Belarus or in Poland or other EU States where
they may be located. This must include the possibility to seek asylum, access to legal aid, information and appropriate
accommodation”, Mr. Moreau concluded.