Nearly a third of Darfur’s people still displaced, despite drop in violence, Security Council told
A UNAMID peacekeeper from Tanzania interacts with children in Karbab village, South Darfur, during a routine patrol. UN
Photo/Albert González Farran
15 November 2017 – The armed groups in Darfur have largely been defeated and the ferocity of intercommunal violence has
declined, but anxiety over safety continues to keep many people from returning to their homes, a senior United Nations
peacekeeping official told the Security Council on Wednesday.
“However, those positive developments have not led to the voluntary and sustainable return of internally displaced
persons,” said Bintou Keita, Assistant Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, noting that nearly one third of
Darfur’s population remained displaced.
Presenting the Secretary General’s latest report on the African Union UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID
), she said the slow returns reflected anxiety about security and lack of confidence about present and future prospects,
as progress has been slow on addressing such issues as land, poor resource management, accountability, and security
The political process to negotiate a settlement of the conflict in Darfur with non signatories to the Doha Document for
Peace in Darfur remains stalled, she said, adding that armed clashes between Government and non signatory forces have
Ms. Bintou Keita, Assistant Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations speaks to the Security Council on the Sudan
and South Sudan & African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
Describing the Doha Document as integral to addressing underlying communal tensions, she said its full implementation is
an entry point for sustaining peace because it touches on the causes of the decades long conflict, including land,
displacement and relationships with nomadic herders.
The Government has begun the next stage of its disarmament campaign – the forced collection of weapons – which has
raised tensions among militia groups not aligned with Government forces.
She went on to report that intercommunal violence also persisted. On 7 November, UNAMID prevented a group of armed Arabs
from entering the internally displaced persons site, she said, adding that on 10 November, the mission intercepted a
group of Arab nomads firing randomly on the outskirts of Sortony.
Emphasizing the importance of augmenting capacity to support longer term peacebuilding activities, she said UNAMID and
the UN country team have finalized the integrated strategic framework for 2017 2019, which set out priorities on the
rule of law and human rights, durable solutions, and peacebuilding for human security.
With the closure of 11 team sites and reduced numbers of military and police personnel, the mission’s civilian staffing
has been readjusted and its budget for 2017 2018 revised, she said.
Ms. Keita went on to report that the Jebel Marra Task Force is expected to become operational on 1 January 2018, but
voiced regret that the allocation of land on which to open a new team site in Golo is still pending.
Establishing that new team site will be essential to underpinning the concept of reconfiguring UNAMID, and goes hand in
hand with the mission’s withdrawal from more stable parts of Darfur, she explained.
In conclusion, she said the level of cooperation between UNAMID and the Government of Sudan has been positive overall,
although challenges remain in terms of access restrictions and customs clearance at Port Sudan.