Don’t hold REDD hostage in Copenhagen, IUCN
Copenhagen, Denmark, 15 December, 2009 (IUCN) – After good progress in week one concerns remain that a deal on REDD-plus
could yet stall on a small number of unresolved issues, or could be sacrificed because of the lack of progress in other
areas of the bigger deal, says IUCN.
“Don’t hold REDD hostage to the current impasse in the negotiations,” says Stewart Maginnis, Director of IUCN’s
Environment and Development Group. “If we are going to stabilize atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases by 2020
we urgently need REDD-plus up and running as soon as possible.”
Two new reports from IUCN released today underline the importance of REDD-plus in fighting global warming. According to
IUCN’s True Cost of REDD study forest communities, the environment and businesses can all benefit from REDD-plus.
The study found that in many cases in the Brazilian Amazon and in Indonesia, the financial returns to agriculture and
livestock production on recently deforested land are so low that REDD payments would be an attractive option for many
“This shows that REDD-plus offers a cost-effective avenue to meet greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets while at
the same time making a significant contribution to biodiversity conservation,” says Joshua Bishop, Chief Economist at
IUCN and co-author of the report.
Despite the potential for forest carbon sequestration to harness vast sums of private capital under a future agreement,
markets are not perfect and thus require well designed legal and policy frameworks to provide a reliable and equitable
basis upon which forest-based carbon transactions can take place. In order to do this individual countries’ legal
frameworks will need to clarify indigenous peoples’ and local community rights to land and trees, promote good
governance and ensure a fair distribution of REDD benefits.
In a second report, Legal Frameworks for REDD: Design and Implementation at the National Level, IUCN underlines the
importance of coherent and clear national legal frameworks as essential for addressing all of the above issues in both
immediate REDD-plus ‘readiness' work and longer-term national REDD strategies.
Of the 38 REDD readiness countries selected by the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and UN-REDD
funding programmes, roughly 80 percent rank in the bottom half for corruption and voice (cryptic) and accountability
criteria according to a recent World Bank survey of 212 countries.
“In the context of both the UNFCCC climate talks and national level preparations, a clear understanding of legal and
institutional issues is essential for REDD host country law- and policy-makers as well as their respective negotiators”,
says IUCN’s John Costenbader, book editor and co-author.