October 9, 2008
Advancement Project Report Shows Several Battleground States Are Not Prepared to Handle Voter Turnout
Today Advancement Project released, “The End of the Line? Preparing for a Surge in Voter Turnout in the November 2008
General Election.” The report examines several battleground states and their preparedness to meet the challenge of
administering the general election on November 4th, where turnout will be unprecedented. To assess, and help ensure, the
nation’s readiness for the November general election, Advancement Project obtained public records and other public
information on the allocation, at the precinct level, of voting machines (or, in the case of jurisdictions that use
optical scan machines, voting privacy booths) and poll workers in the following states: Florida, Michigan, Missouri,
Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
Advancement Project’s research on the 28 counties and cities has resulted in three key findings:
1. In many jurisdictions, the number of voting machines, privacy booths, and poll workers will likely be
insufficient to accommodate all those who may turn out to vote on November 4, 2008. This will likely result in extremely
long lines at the polls and "lost" voters unless these problems are addressed beforehand.
2. Machines, privacy booths, and poll workers have been mis-allocated in many jurisdictions, which will likely
result in some precincts within a jurisdiction having long lines due to insufficient resources while neighboring
precincts have an efficient Election Day because they have been provided ample numbers of machines, privacy booths, and
3. In some jurisdictions, the allocation of polling place resources is likely to have a disproportionate impact on
communities of color. In other words, there will be fewer voting machines or poll workers per voter in high minority
precincts than in low minority precincts.
Advancement Project applied machine and poll worker allocations to three potential turnout estimates for each county or
city (ranging from most conservative to least conservative):
• Scenario One - 5% more "new voters" and "infrequent voters" turn out.
• Scenario Two – 10% more “new voters” and “infrequent voters” turn out.
• Scenario Three – Among Whites, 10% more “infrequent voters” and 15% more “new voters” turn out. For minorities,
15% more “infrequent voters” and 25% more “new voters” turn out.
"People are excited about voting in this election, registration and turn out will be up, which is great for our
democracy," said Judith Browne-Dianis, co-director, Advancement Project. "However, many election officials are
under-resourced or have misallocated their resources. If they do not prepare adequately for the potential turnout, what
could be the greatest collective exercise in democratic participation in our nation's history be stained by government