Remarks With United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan After Their Meeting
Secretary Colin L. Powell
United Nations Headquarters
New York, New York
December 31, 2004
(3:05 p.m. EST)
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Secretary Powell and I have had a very useful discussion
this afternoon. We reviewed the situation of the tsunami crisis and our efforts to assist the countries and the people
in need, and the need for us to cooperate and coordinate our efforts as effectively as possible. When I say coordinate,
I mean not just between member-states but also at the national level with the national NGOs, national Red Cross and Red
Crescent, the national organizations, regional organizations, and the international effort. And the Secretary of State
will perhaps tell you a bit more about the assets that are being moved into the area, because we are going to need major
logistical support: airplanes, helicopters and air controllers to assist us move the produce and the goods as quickly as
possible so that we don't have air bottlenecks.
On the question of fundraising, I think that things are looking up. We are doing very well for the moment. But as I
said, we are in it for the long term; and I will urge governments not only to contribute for the moment, but be prepared
to continue the effort over the longer term.
We also had the chance to talk about the situation in Iraq and the upcoming elections and the efforts we are making to
assist the Iraqi Electoral Commission to ensure that technically everything is in place and that the elections go ahead
on the 30th of January as planned.
And of course, naturally, we were both pleased with the peace agreement in Sudan; and we now have to look forward to
its implementation, and we are going to work with both parties to implement the agreement. And of course, Darfur was
also on the agenda, what further steps can be taken to improve the situation in Darfur.
And finally, I also had the opportunity to thank Secretary Powell for the strong support and cooperation we have had
throughout his term as Secretary of State, and I think we are all going to miss working with him. And in a way, I am
even envious that he is walking on to a private life now.
SECRETARY POWELL: Thank you very much, Secretary General. We did have a good meeting. We also had a good meeting
yesterday by television remote control. And I think it shows how the international community has worked hard to make
sure that our efforts are coordinated in a very coherent way.
This is the sixth day of this crisis, and a lot has happened over these six days. We have dispatched assessment teams;
humanitarian supplies are on the way; military forces are on the way -- a particularly large contingent from the United
States armed forces; and fundraising has been started, and significant funds are being allocated to this effort.
On the part of the United States, we indicated in the first day of the crisis an initial infusion of
$4 million, which became $15 million on the second day, and then $35 million on the third day as we made our assessment
of what the needs were going to be over time. And as we indicated throughout the week, the United States was prepared to
do more once we had a better understanding of what the requirements would be.
And as a result of assessments that have been made over the last couple of days by representatives of the United States
Agency for International Development and recommendations that were given to me early this morning by Administrator
Natsios of USAID and then a phone conversation I subsequently had with President Bush this morning, President Bush has
decided and we announced from the Crawford White House a little while ago that the United States contribution would now
go up to $350 million. That includes the $35 million earlier allocated.
So this tenfold increase is indicative of American generosity, but it also is indicative of the need. The need is
great, and not just for immediate relief but for long-term reconstruction, rehabilitation, family support, economic
support that's going to be needed for these countries to get back up on their feet.
I am also pleased at the amount of private giving that is now taking place. American corporations and American citizens
are being quite generous, and I would encourage such generosity across the world.
I would also encourage all the nations of the world to reach deep and to make as significant a contribution as they are
able to, because this is an unprecedented disaster. It's unprecedented in my career and I have been through a number of
humanitarian crises over the last 20 years. So I hope that the world will be generous in this regard.
The area that was hardest hit among many areas hit hard was, of course, Indonesia, in Aceh, and that's where the
priority will be. It's not just a matter of money, as the Secretary General and I discussed; it's a matter of being able
to distribute supplies and take care of retail distribution using helicopter and air assets and truck assets once you
get supplies to major airheads. And so we'll be working on that.
As the Secretary General noted, we, too, are pleased that an agreement has been signed between the SPLM, Dr. John
Garang, and with the government in Khartoum. I would like to congratulate the parties, congratulate IGAD, congratulate
General Sumbeiywo who played such a key role in serving as a chief negotiator for this over a long period of time. The
United States would also be ready, with the United Nations, to support the subsequent efforts that will be necessary to
bring peace finally to the Sudan, at least this conflict coming to an end while we deal with the continuing tragedy in
Darfur. And of course, you know Ambassador John Danforth played an important role in this effort, too, and I
congratulate him for that.
And we did have a good conversation on the Iraq election coming up on the 30th of January, an election that we are
committed to see go forward, because the Iraqi Interim Government wants it to go forward, the Iraqi people want to have
the opportunity to vote for their new leadership.
Thank you very much, Mr. Secretary General, for your kind words.
QUESTION: Is there an opportunity here, a silver lining perhaps, in that two civil wars have been suspended because of
this disaster? When things get back to normal, they just resume fighting again, or is that something you can work on?
And I'd like to ask Secretary Powell as well, that Diego Garcia is in the Indian Ocean and we've heard nothing about
that. What happened in the island there?
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: Well, we hope that this offers an opportunity both in Aceh and in Sri Lanka, and that the
protagonists are now working together to bring support to those in need. And I hope that collaboration is not going to
end with the crisis and that they will be able to build on that and use these new dynamics to resolve their own
differences; and we will be encouraging that.
SECRETARY POWELL: I'd second what the Secretary General said. Let's see this as an opportunity to resolve these two
I don't have any information on Diego Garcia. Sorry.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, yesterday the Secretary General said that he believed the United Nations was the lead agency
in the relief effort and that the core group that he spoke with yesterday by videoconference was acting in support of
that leadership. Is that your understanding?
SECRETARY POWELL: Yes. We created the core group earlier in the week because we saw a need for a coordination mechanism
to be created rather quickly and rested on countries that were nearby in the region with assets, experience and
capability that could be brought to bear right away, and we wanted to make sure they were coordinated.
The Indians had already dispatched military units and relief elements and supplies to Sri Lanka. The Thais were
responding. So we thought, let's bring this core group together. It might expand slightly, but in due course we hope the
core group will work itself out of business because we will have brought all of the international organizations into
play under the overall supervision and leadership of the United Nations.
QUESTION: China is not in the core group?
SECRETARY POWELL: China is playing an important role. It is increasing its level of contribution, and I think they can
do that without necessarily being a member of the core group.
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: And I think that there are countries also in the region that can play a role: Singapore, China
and others. And I think we also are encouraged by the fact that the ASEAN and the countries in the region would want to
play their rightful role, and I think we are going to see them becoming very active in this process.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, where will the money come from? And one last question. Why weren't the British invited to be a
part of the core group?
SECRETARY POWELL: The simple reason is that the core group consists of nations that are immediately in the region or,
in the case of the United States, have a significant military and diplomatic presence in the region with our Pacific
Command Headquarters. I spoke to the British about it within a day or so and explained the rationale for it. We wanted a
tight group of resource providers who were in the region. I am quite confident the United Kingdom will be doing a lot,
both in terms of financial support and other assets that will be provided, even though they may not be a member of the
core group. You don't have to be a member of the core group to make a significant and important contribution.
QUESTION: The relationship between the United States and the United Nations has struggled a bit over the past two
years; and we see in the past week there's been some talk in the press about discussions of leadership, who's in charge.
Why has the relationship reached the point it has, and how could it be better?
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: You go first. (Laughter.)
SECRETARY POWELL: I'd be delighted to. Over the last four years, we have worked closely with the United Nations. When
this Administration came into office, we built on work that had been done by a previous U.S. ambassador and by Senator
Helms and others. We paid our arrears. And we support the United Nations.
It doesn't mean that from time to time there won't be disagreements between the United Nations leadership, the
Secretary General, and the United States. And when that occurs, we try to work our way through these disagreements. It's
in the interest of the world, in the interest of the international community for all the nations of the United Nations
to have a good relationship with the Secretary General, who represents all the nations of the United Nations.
And the fact that in the course of the last six days we have worked very closely with the Secretary General and his
staff -- and you saw how we did that yesterday in the television conference that brought us all together, to include
UNDP and the World Food Program and other agencies, the World Bank, all coming together -- and my visit here today with
the Secretary General was for the purpose of making sure we keep proper momentum. This is not the time for squabbles.
This is a time for all of us to work together to help people who are in desperate need.
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: I agree. I agree entirely with what the Secretary has said. And I think as we have worked well
together, we have had bad patches, which is also normal. And I look forward to a constructive and cooperative
relationship as we move forward. As I have always maintained, the UN needs the U.S. and the U.S. needs the UN, and we
have to work together.
SECRETARY POWELL: On the source of money, I think somebody had asked, the Office of Management and Budget, our fiscal
Godfather, will be looking at different accounts within the U.S. Agency for International Development, State Department,
perhaps the Pentagon, to get ready access to cash. Not all of it is needed all at once. But in due course, wherever the
money comes from, those accounts will have to be replenished, and that will take action of the Congress. So we'll be
reaching out to Congress in the days ahead.
QUESTION: Secretary Powell, what is your analysis so far of how the UN system has responded to this crisis? And have
some of the problems, such as the Oil-for-Food situation, at all diminished the capacity of the UN to take the kind of
leadership role and the standing to take that role that it has now?
SECRETARY POWELL: Well, it's six days into this crisis and the UN is playing a leadership role. They have people on the
ground. The various UN agencies are responding. They are making known to the international community what the
requirements are, and they are gathering in the response to those requirements to apply assets. And so I think the UN is
off to a good start.
And this is going to be a long-term crisis to be resolved, and not just after six days we have dealt with the problem.
So I think it's off to a good start.
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: The lady in black.
QUESTION: Are you concerned -- Secretary General, are you concerned that some aid is only getting through very slowly
to the people who actually need it?
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: Yes, obviously, we are concerned. We would want to get to everybody as quickly as we can. But
the situation is very difficult, particularly in Aceh and Sumatra, and we need to get access. This is one of the reasons
why we are talking about air capacity, that we need helicopters, we need airlift, we need to have staging stations. And
we are working on all of that, trying to move as quickly as we can at this initial phase, where we have to save lives,
where we have to get to the people as quickly as we can. This does not mean that we have forgotten the survivors, but
the initial phase where it's a race against time and we are pressing ahead, trying to do it as fast as we can.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, yesterday at the State Department people were telling reporters that there didn't appear to be
any immediate need for a large step-up in U.S. aid. I think on television last night you even said the United States is
not involved in an auction here to see who would give the most money.
SECRETARY POWELL: Right.
QUESTION: Yet today, we have the announcement of this rather enormous, if welcome, step-up in aid. Was it the phone
call from Natsios this morning that changed things? Did something change that --
SECRETARY POWELL: If you look carefully at all the statements that we have made this week, I was careful in my
statements and I think Administrator Natsios and my other colleagues were careful to say that it was going to be a large
requirement, that significant quantities of money would be necessary to deal with the problem, but that we had to wait
and see what those needs were. I'm not sure 350 is the end number. It's the number that we've settled on for now. And as
the assessments were made, what I wanted to do is to make sure that I had a basis to go to the President and make the
recommendation that he commit this amount of money, and not just that each day everybody was trying to play, "Can you
And so I think we are now seeing a significant and welcome outpouring of support from the international community, and
the President decided that this was time and he had a sufficient basis to increase to the number that was announced
earlier, the total of 350.
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: The lady in pink.
QUESTION: Secretary Powell, both yourself and the Secretary General have emphasized the need to be in this in the long
term. But isn't there the danger that once the limelight fades, once the interest goes away, that the commitment of
certain countries, the powerful and rich countries, would dwindle, such as what happened in places such as Afghanistan,
Haiti and others?
SECRETARY POWELL: The interest of the international community has not withered in Afghanistan. We are involved in
significant reconstruction efforts and peacekeeping efforts in Afghanistan. The Haitian situation -- money is available,
peacekeepers are there, we are slowly starting to see that money now flow into the economy. The same thing is happening
in Liberia, another challenge that goes off page one but it never goes off page one for me or for the Secretary General.
These are problems that continue and the international community remains engaged, trying to deal with the challenges in
Afghanistan, Liberia, Haiti, and now in South Asia as a result of this tsunami.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, very briefly on another issue. The leadership of the OAS has been vacant for some time, and
the region has crises in Haiti and some other places. What is the U.S. position regarding the candidates, and when do
you expect it should be filled?
SECRETARY POWELL: There are a number of candidates who have stepped forward, and the United States is waiting to see
what level of support these individual candidates have before we take a position on any one candidate. We had expressed
a preference earlier on for a Central American candidate because the previous Secretary General was from Central
America, and now we're waiting to see which of the identified candidates is best able to achieve close to consensus.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, will all $350 million of pledged U.S. aid, whether that's money or materials --
SECRETARY POWELL: It's money.
QUESTION: -- be funneled through the United Nations? And secondly, will the United States take the lead in terms of
implementing or expanding some sort of worldwide tsunami warning system?
SECRETARY POWELL: On the first question, it'll be up to experts within the Department and USAID to determine how best
to allocate the money. In some cases the money would go to UN agencies; in other cases it might go directly to
nongovernmental or private organizations that are providing the services, or for the purchase of stockpiles that are
then sent forward. And so I think that's the answer to that question.
I'm sorry, the second question?
QUESTION: A worldwide tsunami warning system?
SECRETARY POWELL: I think it's something that we should look at. The magnitude of this disaster is such that I think it
is incumbent on us to see whether or not a practical worldwide system can be put in place. And how to design, construct
and pay for such a system is a question.
SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: Thank you very much.
Released on December 31, 2004