UK: Armed Forces -- Families deserve justice
"We feel that the only way to address the mishandling is to have those people come before an independent board of
inquiry. We need to find out who and what is behind the deaths of our children and who is conspiring to hide the
evidence of their [the army] misdeeds". A statement by the families in June 2002.
The UK government should immediately establish a full, independent inquiry into non-combatant deaths in disputed
circumstances among members of the UK Armed Forces, Amnesty International said today.
"Sadly, the manner in which the investigations into the deaths of the four soldiers at Deepcut barracks were conducted
has led to a legitimate perception that there has been institutional collusion in and cover-up of the circumstances
surrounding these deaths," a new report published today by Amnesty International has concluded.
The report, "Army Barracks Deaths: Families Demand Justice" was launched at the House of Commons today. (Full report
available online at http://amnesty-news.c.tclk.net/maabbbOaaYGb9bb0hPub/ )
In recent years, Amnesty International has received serious allegations regarding some of the deaths of UK Armed Forces
personnel in non-combat circumstances. The organization is concerned at the circumstances surrounding many of these
fatalities, some of which continue to be disputed. Some of these allegations refer to possible unlawful killings, either
intentional or as a result of negligence, through, for example, the misuse of lethal weapons; deaths during strenuous
training exercises; and self-inflicted deaths, at times following bullying and other ill-treatment, including sexual
harassment by other soldiers and/or by superiors.
Amnesty International has received reports that, in a number of cases, the UK authorities have failed to take adequate
measures to ensure prompt, thorough, independent and impartial investigations into these deaths and to address the
disputed circumstances in which they have been said to have taken place.
The Royal Military Police's Special Investigation Branch (SIB) conducted the original investigations into all four
Deepcut deaths. Following its own internal inquiries, the army originally classified all four deaths as "intentional and
self inflicted". However, two of the three inquests so far held in these deaths returned "open" verdicts; while a
verdict of suicide was returned by the inquest in the remaining one.
A number of the bereaved families have expressed concern to Amnesty International about the initial investigations into
the deaths of their relatives conducted by the SIB, alleging that they were severely flawed. As a result, some families
have called for those responsible for the mishandling of such investigations to be brought to book.
"Justice must be delivered to these families, but it must also be seen to be delivered. Closed door investigations into
the army by the army will not suffice. Investigations must be thorough, independent and impartial and be seen to be so,"
said Amnesty International.
The report by Amnesty International points out that even in cases where the cause of death is not disputed -- relatives
have been left with the impression that the Armed Forces have closed ranks against them. Such an impression has
inevitably helped undermine public confidence in the UK Armed Forces and the Ministry of Defence.
"The UK authorities must heed the call of many families of members of the Armed Forces for a wide-ranging public
inquiry, in order to re-establish public confidence that justice and truth have been delivered," the organization
Amnesty International's report comes as a number of similar incidents at other army barracks around the UK have begun to
emerge. Since 1994, a total of 23 soldiers have died at Catterick barracks as a result of peacetime incidents. Families
of recruits based at these camps allege racial and sectarian abuse, rape and intimidation.
"There is a growing perception and concern that the Army's internal complaints procedure has been unable to address a
culture of systematic bullying that continues to threaten the lives of young recruits - a full public inquiry needs to
determine the circumstances surrounding these deaths, including whether the culture, systems and procedures of the Armed
Forces have in any way contributed to fatalities," Amnesty International concluded.
The campaign for a full public inquiry into the Deepcut deaths has been led by the Deepcut families and by Kevin
McNamara, MP. It has expanded into a wider campaign on all non-combat deaths in disputed circumstances since 1990.
"I am encouraged that 173 of my fellow members of parliament signed the Early Day Motion currently before the House,
urging the Government to establish a tribunal of inquiry to look into these cases. Amnesty International's report will
undoubtedly lend weight to the calls for a public inquiry," Mr McNamara said today.