UN talks in Bonn culminate in accord on interim Afghan government
5 December - After nine days of intensive negotiations, the United Nations-sponsored talks in Bonn, Germany, culminated
today in the signing of an agreement on a provisional arrangement in Afghanistan pending the re-establishment of
permanent government institutions.
The UN chief envoy for Afghanistan, Lakhdar Brahimi, who chaired the talks, witnessed the signing of the text by the
leaders of the four Afghan groups represented at the negotiations. Mr. Brahimi said he was delighted at the outcome but
added that "the real work starts now. And the real difficulties are going to start when this Interim Administration that
has been agreed upon here moves to Kabul."
In New York, Secretary-General Kofi Annan warmly welcomed the accord as "an important step" towards lasting peace and
the return of legitimate authority in the country. In a statement released through his spokesman, the Secretary-General
assured Afghan people that the UN "stands ready to help them reach peace, stability and prosperity." In remarks to the
press, Mr. Annan also congratulated Mr. Brahimi and the team for "a very good job" and stressed that he would now expect
the Afghan parties to go back to Kabul and "work very, very closely together."
The final text of the agreement outlines the functions and responsibilities of the Interim Authority, which will be
chaired by Hamid Karzai and include 28 other members who will direct the work of as many departments. The Interim
Authority, to be officially established on 22 December, would run the country for six months. An Independent Commission
would in parallel work on convening a Loya Jirga.
Speaking after the signing of the agreement, Mr. Brahimi congratulated all participants and the spirit of compromise
that they had shown. He said that today's accord provided some "breathing space," during which the people of Afghanistan
could take "the many steps" that would be necessary towards a broad-based, multi-ethnic environment.
Mr. Brahimi, who had been appointed two months ago by the Secretary-General as Special Representative with overall
authority for UN political, humanitarian and human rights endeavours in the country, also underscored that "all the
elements in the Agreement were proposed by Afghans, either here in Bonn or in Afghanistan, and Iran and Pakistan." He
also stressed that the commitment of the international community to help and assist is "very strong, perhaps
Commenting on the make-up of the Authority envisaged by the agreement, UN officials drew attention to the fact that it
included a Department of Women's Affairs and stressed that the equitable representation of women in government and
political civilian life in Afghanistan was a strong focus of the UN.
That theme was reiterated yesterday in Brussels, where Angela King, the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on
Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women, delivered Mr. Annan's message to the Afghan Women's Summit for Democracy. In
the message, the Secretary-General emphasized that Afghan women had the UN's "full and unstinting support" in their
efforts to reassert the right to participate actively in all sectors and levels of society and in all stages of the work
to bring peace and development to their country.