NEWS TRANSCRIPT from the United States Department of Defense
DoD News Briefing Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld Monday, November 5, 2001
(Media availability in New Delhi with Minister of Defense of India George Fernandes.)
Fernandes: Well Secretary Rumsfeld and I had discussions from the time he arrived here. Our discussions were essentially
on the strategic relationship between us and on how to continue to build on what we have achieved so far. Naturally we
also discussed the ongoing war against terrorism on a global scale, and the kind of developments that we visualize in so
far as Afghanistan is concerned. We also discussed some of the specifics on our mutual defense-related partnership,
including certain items that we need to acquire, collaborations that we could have, and in other words their
relationship of mutual support and collaboration. I'm very happy with the discussions that we had and I want to express
my thanks to Secretary Rumsfeld for coming over here -- his first visit as defense secretary to India, and I look
forward to a very long lasting relationship between our two nations. Thank you.
Rumsfeld: Thank you very much Mr. Minister. I am very pleased to be back in India, and as you point out on my first
visit as secretary of defense. I put great value on the relationship between the United States and India. Our two
countries have many common values and common interests, and there I believe important that we strengthen them, so I was
particularly pleased to be able to visit with you. I guess that both of us are back in this job for the second time --
to be able to strengthen the military to military and defense ties between our two countries which I think are so
The minister has described our visits and the number of topics that we covered, and the only one I would add is
humanitarian aspects of our interest in the situation in Afghanistan. Both of our countries have been active in
providing humanitarian assistance, and certainly when we have been successful, and there has a post-Taliban government
of Afghanistan. I'm sure that both of our countries will again share that interest in providing the kinds of assistance
for the Afghan people that they certainly need.
And with that we'd be happy to respond to questions. I should add that I've invited the minister to the United States
and I'm hopeful that he would be able to visit us there some time next year at his convenience.
Fernandes: Thank you.
Q: Mr. Secretary, it's here, Mr. Secretary some of the sanctions against the Indian companies and the Indian
establishments are still pending that was enforced in 1974. Is the United States administration considering to lift
those sanctions also along with the sanctions that you have lifted recently?
Rumsfeld: As you point out, the sanctions that relate to the Defense Department have been lifted and other sanctions
have been lifted, waived, and the status of some remaining sanctions with respect to nuclear technologies, as I recall,
and missile technologies are something that the Department of State and the government of India undoubtedly will be
Q: Mr. Secretary, you've just come back from Pakistan. Are you concerned about the safety of nuclear facilities in
Rumsfeld: I think that countries that have nuclear weapons have a healthy respect for power and the lethality of those
weapons and the dangers they pose to the world and take the appropriate steps to ensure that they are managed and
handled in a way that reflects the dangers that those weapons pose.
Q: Mr. Secretary, (inaudible) possibility of Pakistan's nuclear set up, falling into the hands of terrorists or
hard-liners. Can you rule out the possibility?
Rumsfeld: As I've indicated, I do not personally believe that there is a risk with respect to the nuclear weapons of
countries that have those weapons. I think those countries are careful and respectful of the dangers that they pose and
manage their safe handling effectively.
Q: Mr. Secretary, can you tell us what the next steps are in military-to-military cooperation between the U.S. and
India? What do you foresee new steps?
Rumsfeld: Well first, Admiral Blair, the commander of our Pacific capabilities is going to be visiting here in the next
period of days and weeks. He will be followed by Under Secretary Feith from the Department of Defense who's with me
today, the distinguished gentleman with the gray hair there. He will be leading a delegation here and they will be
discussing ways that we can establish the linkages between our two countries from the standpoint of military exchanges
and training and various educational opportunities, and other aspects of the relationship.
Q: What are the other aspects?
Rumsfeld: Well those are to be discussed by Mr. Feith. You can grab him there afterwards. The two countries will be
discussing those intensively. They'll be teams of experts over and they will be decided between the two countries as
those visits take place.
Q: Yes, Secretary Rumsfeld, Mr. Fernandes told a German news magazine quoted this morning as saying of our efforts in
Afghanistan, "This is a waste of explosives on barren mountains. The most it will do is melt the ice on the peak earlier
than usual." Can you respond to that?
Rumsfeld: You bet! What we are doing in Afghanistan is we are engaged in an exercise in self-defense. Thousands of
Americans were killed. People from three or four dozen other countries were killed in New York and Washington, people of
all races and all religions. It is not possible to defend at every location against every terrorist. The only way to
deal with it is to take the battle to them, and that is what we're doing.
There is no question that the effectiveness of bombing is vastly improved as you have people on the ground in
communication with the aircraft overhead. And each day that we've been engaged in this since October 7 we have been able
to improve the effectiveness of it.
We now have some larger number of teams of people on the ground that are assisting with resupply and humanitarian
assistance, as well as targeting, and the effectiveness of the bombing is improving every day. I don't think that there
probably has ever been a bomb campaign that has been any more attentive and precise and focussed solely on the military
capabilities than this one.
Q: Secretary Rumsfeld, another remark that Defense Minister Fernandes had made was that he had his doubts about whether
the Americans would have the stick-in-it-power once this phase was over to help India with its struggle against
terrorism in Kashmir, particularly with groups that are based in Pakistan?
Rumsfeld: I think the president has been very clear that the effort against terrorism is a doable one. It involves
terrorists where they are and certainly he is determined. And I have no doubt in my mind but that the United States will
be -- let be start slightly differently. This is much bigger than Afghanistan. The president has said that repeatedly,
I've said it repeatedly. Afghanistan happens to be the first problem because the al Qaeda organization is there and it
needs to be stopped before it kills thousands of more people. But the president has been unambiguous on that question
and there's no doubt in my mind but that we will be pursuing terrorists' networks wherever we find them.
Q: Mr. Secretary, did you discuss the presence of terrorists' camps across the line of control in Pakistan with the
defense minister today? And what were your talks about?
Rumsfeld: We talked about terrorism in the broadest sense. We talked about terrorism that has affected both of our
countries, and the concern we share, our two countries share with respect to the importance of dealing with that
problem. As you know, I have a policy of not characterizing the extent to which other countries are involved in this
effort. I feel it's up to them, and I can say the government of India has been very specific and very cooperative and
that we certainly appreciate it.
Q: For Mr. Fernandes, there was a deference to your interview to the German publication. Is the government of India,
does it agree with the tactics being used in Afghanistan?
Fernandes: Agree with what?
Q: The tactics which are being used in Afghanistan -- the military tactics.
Fernandes: Well I think it's the military men who decide the military tactics. So one should accept what's happening
Q: Secretary, there is a thinking that this battle in Afghanistan may continue for four years or at least two years. Do
Rumsfeld: I think that the effort against terrorism will certainly be a something that we will have to continue over a
period of time. We have to be vigilant because in this world of ours there are people who are determined to kill other
innocent people, and second in this world of ours with the increasing availability of very powerful weapons and in some
cases weapons of vast destruction the risk that they'd fall into terrorists' hands poses a threat that's unique and
different in the history of mankind.
Do I think Afghanistan will take years? No, I don't. I think that it is something that is being very aggressively
addressed at the present time. How long it will take one can't guess, but certainly all of us would hope it would take
the least possible time because the people there pose a threat to innocent people all across the globe. Thank you very
Fernandes: Thank you.