United Nations Press Release (via Peace Movement Aotearoa)
Nato Confirms To The United Nations, Use Of Depleted Uranium During The Kosovo Conflict
GENEVA, 21 March 2000 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has confirmed to the United Nations that depleted
uranium (DU) was used during the Kosovo conflict. But, according to the Joint UNEP/UNCHS Balkans Task Force (BTF) the
information provided is not of sufficient detail to facilitate an accurate field assessment of the environmental and
human health consequences of its us at the present time.
The new information on DU was sent to the United Nations Secretary-General, Kofi Annan from NATO Secretary-General, Lord
Robertson and states:
"DU rounds were used whenever the A-10 engaged armour during Operation Allied Force. Therefore, it was used throughout
Kosovo during approximately 100 missions... A total of approximately 31,000 rounds of DU ammunition were used in
operation Allied Force. The major focus of these operations was in an area west of the Pec-Dakovica-Prizren highway; in
the area surrounding Klina; in the area around Prizren; and in an area to the north of a line joining Suva Reka and
Urosevac. However many missions using DU also took place outside these areas."
This information was reviewed yesterday by scientists from the BTF's Desk Assessment Group on Depleted Uranium - an
interagency group that was established last year as part of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)-led
assessment of the environmental consequences of the Kosovo conflict. Whilst welcoming the positive cooperation of NATO,
the group, which includes experts from the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA), the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Department for Disarmament Affairs (DDA), and the Swedish
Radiation Protection Institute, concluded that despite the additional information there was still insufficient data
available on the exact location of the DU ordnance to comprehensively carry out an objective and scientifically based
environmental and human health impact assessment in Kosovo.
The Group emphasized that the new information on DU should not be a cause of widespread alarm. However, it also
concluded that because of NATO's confirmation that DU was used, the recommendations made in their October 1999 report
should be followed. The Group's report, which was based on the then best available information, a hypothetical scenario
and unverified assumptions, recommends that at places where contamination has been confirmed, measures should be taken
to prevent access. Local authorities and people concerned should be informed of the possible risks and appropriate
The conclusions of the BTF expert group have been forwarded to the UN Secretary-General and the heads of other concerned
UN agencies, as well as UNMIK in Kosovo.
In the report, "The Kosovo Conflict - Consequences for the Environment and Human Settlements", the BTF raised the issue
of the consequences to human health and the environment by the possible use of depleted uranium. The report recommended
that a thorough review of the health effects of exposure to DU should be undertaken.
At yesterday's meeting in Geneva, the Desk Assessment Group was advised that WHO is preparing a more general, "generic"
report on the health effects of DU. That report should be available by the middle of May, 2000 and is not specific to
Kosovo. The Royal Society (UK) is also preparing an independent report on the DU topic.
The issue of depleted uranium was only one part of last year's assessment and the BTF's overall report concluded that
the Kosovo conflict did not cause an environmental catastrophe affecting the Balkans region as a whole, but that
pollution detected at four environmental "hot spots" (Pancevo, Kragujevac, Novi Sad and Bor), is serious and poses a
threat to human health. As part of the second phase of its work, the BTF is currently preparing detailed environmental
clean-up feasibility studies (for submission to donors) at the four mentioned sites in Serbia.
The BTF was set-up by Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and UN Centre
for Human Settlements, UNCHS (Habitat), in May 1999, to assess the environmental and human settlement consequences of
the Balkans conflict. Under the leadership of the former Finnish Environment and Development Cooperation Minister, Pekka
Haavisto, the BTF acted on the recommendation of an earlier UN mission to the region that a detailed assessment of the
full extent of the environmental impact of the conflict be urgently carried out. The BTF report is available on the Web
For more information, please contact: Tore J. Brevik, UNEP Spokesman/Director of Communications and Public Information,
P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya; tel: (254 2) 623292; fax: 62-3692; Email: email@example.com or Robert Bisset, Office of
the UNEP Spokesman and BTF Press Officer in Geneva on: +41-22-917-8598, Nairobi +254-2-623084, email:
UNEP News Release 00/33
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