INDEPENDENT NEWS

Cablegate: Peru: Request for Updated Information for Dol Peru

Published: Tue 3 Jul 2007 12:03 PM
VZCZCXYZ0013
RR RUEHWEB
DE RUEHPE #2259/01 1841203
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 031203Z JUL 07
FM AMEMBASSY LIMA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 6026
INFO RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 4820
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA 7432
RUEHCV/AMEMBASSY CARACAS 0508
RUEHGT/AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA 1030
RUEHLP/AMEMBASSY LA PAZ JUL QUITO 1311
RUEHSG/AMEMBASSY SANTIAGO 1358
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/CDR USSOUTHCOM MIAMI FL
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
UNCLAS LIMA 002259
SIPDIS
SIPDIS
STATE PASS TO USDOL FOR DOL/ILAB KENNETH SWINNERTON AND
DOL/ILAB SUERYUN HAHD; DEPARTMENT FOR WHA/PPC MIKE PUCCETTI
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECIN ECON ELAB ETRD EAID PE
SUBJECT: PERU: REQUEST FOR UPDATED INFORMATION FOR DOL PERU
LABOR RIGHTS REPORT
REF: A. LIMA 1527
B. SWINNERTON E-MAIL 5/31/2007
1. Per e-mail reference, post has contacted host government
officials to clarify information previously provided for
DOL's Peru Labor Rights Report. In most cases, the Ministry
of Labor and Employment Promotion (MTPE) was the most
appropriate source of information, although in some cases the
data requested was not available. Responses are keyed to
reference B cited above.
2. Labor Inspection Data
A. Number of Labor Inspectors
The MOL has confirmed that as of June 1, 2007, there were
316 labor inspectors working in the Ministry of Labor, 222 in
Lima and Callao, and 94 in other regions. The MOL plans to
hire 250 more inspectors by the end of calendar year 2007.
The 100 labor inspectors sworn in on March 20, 2007 were
not included in the figures cited in reftel A, because the
MOL considers newly-hired employees "auxiliaries," trainees
who have yet to assume full-time duties. The latest figure
does include these new hires.
B. Amount of Fines
The MOL was unable to explain why, according to data
previously provided, the number and value of fines assessed
in 2005 and 2006 were roughly equal, even though
significantly fewer inspections took place in 2006. MOL
officials said the system of data collection is reliable and
suggested the difference may reflect an effort on the part of
labor inspectors to target the most serious infractions of
labor law.
3. Number of registered trade unions
A. Public sector unions
According to the MOL, 217 registered unions are in the
public sector.
B. Union membership rate
In 2006, 8.1 per cent of the formal sector workforce was
union members.
4. Union Confederations
According to the AFL-CIO Solidarity Center in Lima, the
four major labor confederations in Peru are the Peruvian
Workers Confederation (CTP), with approximately 250,000
workers; the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers
(CGTP), with 1.5 million workers; the Unitary Confederation
of Workers (CUT), with 40,000 workers; and the Autonomous
Workers Central of Peru (CATP), with 25,000 workers.
Information previously provided about the ideological and
political affiliations of the confederations and on the types
of organizations belonging to each confederation remains
unchanged.
The Solidarity Center notes that labor confederations are
not required by the GOP to document membership claims. The
Unitary Trade Union of Education Workers (SUTEP, affiliated
with the CGTP), for example, claims to represent 350,000
teachers. A more likely figure is 80,000 members.
5. Intention to Strike
A "declared intention to strike," as used by the MOL in
reftel A is synonymous with an "occurrence" of a strike.
6. Collective Bargaining Agreements
In 2004, 384 collective bargaining agreements existed,
covering 105,946 workers; in 2005, 390 agreements covering
112,760 workers; and in 2006, 453 agreements covering 121,261
workers.
7. Post has obtained the source documents for the
information provided and will forward them via expedited
delivery to Kenneth Swinnerton; USDOL; 200 Constitution
Avenue, NW; Room S-5303; Washington, DC 20210.
STRUBLE
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