Action is needed to ensure the coasts and oceans that are integral to Aotearoa New Zealand’s health and wealth – and our
national identity – are healthy and productive for the long-term.
To celebrate World Ocean’s Day, this short animation explains what ecosystem-based management (EBM) is, and why Aotearoa
New Zealand’s coasts and oceans need it.
The animation is available via:FacebookYouTubeTwitterInstagram
Aotearoa New Zealand’s marine estate is 20 times larger than our land mass, and we have the 4th largest Exclusive
Economic Zone (EEZ) in the world. Our marine resources include fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, oil and gas, minerals,
renewable energy, shipping and more.
The sea is also an important part of the Aotearoa New Zealand lifestyle and culture – for food, recreation and spiritual
well-being. 75% of New Zealanders live within 10 km of the coast, and Māori connections with the sea are particularly
There is a growing conflict between Aotearoa New Zealand’s many uses of the marine environment, including its important
marine economy and protection of the marine environment. EBM is a holistic and inclusive way to tackle these issues.
The Sustainable Seas Challenge has developed a definition and principles for EBM for Aotearoa
, with input from Māori and stakeholders, and is researching how EBM of the marine environment could be implemented in
Aotearoa New Zealand.
In Aotearoa New Zealand, any successful consideration of EBM needs to reflect the interests and knowledge of Māori as
indigenous people and as Treaty of Waitangi partners alongside the Crown and its representatives. We have the
opportunity to be global leaders by establishing an EBM approach that places kaitiakitanga and Māori involvement at its
heart, while preserving the integrity of both, and providing for mātauranga Māori and tikanga.About the Sustainable Seas National Science Challenge
The vision of Sustainable Seas is for Aotearoa New Zealand to have healthy marine ecosystems that provide value for all
New Zealanders. It brings together scientists, social scientists, economists, and experts in mātauranga Māori and
policy. It is funded by MBIE and hosted by NIWA.
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About the National Science Challenges
Sustainable Seas is one of 11 National Science Challenges. These align and focus Aotearoa New Zealand’s research on
large and complex issues, bringing together scientists and experts from different organisations and across disciplines
to achieve a common goal.