National’s TPPA-11 announcement leaves four questions unanswered
The National government announced on the last day of Parliament that Cabinet has endorsed terms for a major new trade
and investment deal - the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement minus the US, or TPPA-11. It said the TPPA text will
remain basically unchanged, despite the US no longer participating. That begs multiple questions, says University of
Auckland law professor Jane Kelsey.
First, the government’s main rationale for adopting the agreement was that it gave New Zealand a de facto free trade
agreement with the US that it could not get otherwise.
Professor Kelsey points out that an unchanged TPPA would give US corporations the benefit of rules that increase the
price of medicine, impose longer copyright terms, prohibit requirements to hold data in the country, restrict
state-owned enterprises, and more, without the US making any concessions in return.
It was the US that drove these harsh conditions and New Zealand previously agreed only in exchange for better access to
US markets. So how can the same deal still be a good deal?
Second, trade minister Todd McClay says the eleven remaining parties have agreed in a series of secret meetings to
retain the original text. New Zealand is known to have taken a hard line in pushing for this. But has the minister
explained to the other parties that New Zealand has an election and he cannot guarantee to deliver on this himself?
Third, these meetings have been happening for most of the year. Did the government really not know until the last day of
Parliament that other parties had agreed to a “no changes to the TPPA text” position? If it did know earlier, why the
delay in announcing that?
Fourth, the minister claimed in the House that the TPPA-11 will generate “tens of thousands of jobs and billions for our
economy”. There is nothing to support those claims on the MFAT website, and he said no National Interest Analysis will
be released until the deal is tabled in Parliament. If they have done the work, and they really do show what the
minister claims, why is the government not releasing it now?
Professor Kelsey called on the government to release its modelling on the TPPA-11 immediately to allow New Zealanders,
and the Opposition parties, to make informed decisions in the lead up to the election.