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Embargoed until 10:45am – 26 March 2009
Current account deficit rises to 8.9 percent of GDP
The current account deficit for the year ended December 2008 was $16.1 billion (8.9 percent of GDP), Statistics New
Zealand said today. This compares with a deficit of $15.5 billion (8.6 percent of GDP) for the year ended September
2008, and a deficit of $14.4 billion (8.2 percent of GDP) for the year ended December 2007.
The main reasons for the increase in the deficit between the year ended September 2008 and the year ended December 2008
were a rise in the value of imports of transportation services and a fall in the value of exports of travel services.
The increased imports of transportation services was mainly due to higher freight costs, while the decrease in exports
of travel services was caused by fewer visitors coming to New Zealand.
Exports of goods increased, with higher values of dairy products behind the rise. This was offset by an increase in
goods imports, which was due to an increase in the prices of imports of petroleum and petroleum products.
The seasonally adjusted current account deficit for the December 2008 quarter was $3,772 million, $236 million smaller
than the deficit in the September 2008 quarter. The smaller deficit in the latest quarter was due to an increase in the
value of exports of goods, which was partly offset by increased value of imports of services. Exports of goods increased
due to higher exports of dairy and forestry products.
The December 2008 quarter investment income deficit of $3,199 million is $58 million smaller than the September 2008
quarter deficit. This is the second consecutive fall in the quarterly investment income deficit. In the December 2008
quarter, foreign investors' earnings in New Zealand were $160 million lower than in September 2008, and New Zealand
investors' earnings from abroad were down $102 million.
New Zealand's current account deficit has the effect of increasing its net overseas liabilities, as external funding is
required to finance the deficit. At 31 December 2008, New Zealand's overseas liabilities exceeded its overseas assets by
$167.7 billion (92.9 percent of GDP). This compares with net overseas liabilities of $152.6 billion (87.1 percent of
GDP) at 31 December 2007.
Geoff Bascand Government Statistician 26 March 2009