16 November, 2007
Balibo journalists’ deaths: New Zealand Government must ensure war criminals face trial in the wake of Sydney inquest
The NSW Coroner, Dorelle Pinch has just released her judgment in the inquest held earlier this year into the deaths of
the five Australian based journalists at Balibo in East Timor in 1975. One of the five, photographer Gary Cunningham,
was a New Zealander.
The coroner has concluded that the five Australian based journalists were deliberately killed to prevent them from
exposing details of Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor. She has called on Federal Attorney General Phillip Ruddock to
consider prosecuting members of Indonesian special forces. Those named as responsible are Captain Mohammed Yunus Yosfiah
who gave the orders for the killings and Christoforus da Silva.
The Coroner’s Counsel Mark Tedeschi earlier said that the Geneva Protocols are applicable as Under Article 147 the
deliberate killing of civilian non-combatants in war-like situations, constituted an a war crime, punishable with up to
The evidence presented at the inquest pointed to the culpability of Australian politicians and officials who were
complicit with Indonesia in covering up these crimes as well as Indonesia’s plans to invade and occupy East Timor. The
actions of New Zealand officials in 1975 paralleled those of their Australian colleagues, and New Zealand largely
disowned Gary choosing to emphasise that he was working and living in Australia at the time of his death.
The New Zealand Government has also chosen over the years to take a hands off stance to enquiries held into the
journalists’ deaths – always leaving it to Australia to ‘investigate’ the deaths, despite appeals to become involved
from Gary’s family. However, the Coroner’s judgment must now be the catalyst for New Zealand to become involved in
seeking justice for this crime which was pivotal to East Timor’s tragic story.
The Indonesia Human Rights Committee will now be urging the Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs to take this
issue to the Solicitor General to ask him to advise on the way forward under provisions in New Zealand and international