Tougher times forecast for primary sectors
After mixed fortunes during the last 12 months, New Zealand’s primary sectors should brace themselves for a tougher year
ahead, according to Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) forecasts.
Prospects, however, are looking less bleak for 2007, with improvement expected in revenue and profitability across all
sectors as production and demand in key export markets improve.
The Ministry has just released its annual Situation and Outlook for New Zealand Agriculture and Forestry (SONZAF)
MAF Policy’s Manager of Monitoring and Evaluation, Peter Gardiner says the last year has been good for dairy and meat
farmers and wine growers, who have benefited from stronger international prices and premium product positioning in key
Other sectors, especially foresters, apple growers and deer farmers, have struggled with declining international prices,
higher costs, a stronger New Zealand dollar and other difficult market conditions.
Peter Gardiner says the supply and demand conditions that favoured much of the pastoral sector are expected to decline
over the next year. Future profitability, he says, will also be affected by higher costs and greater exposure to the
high New Zealand dollar.
The report forecasts an upturn in 2007 as production and demand in key exports improve, the New Zealand dollar weakens
and international oil prices ease, reducing on-farm and transport costs.
Highlights in brief:
• Agricultural sector income is expected to fall to $3.7 billion in the March 2006 year from $3.8 billion in 2005.
In 2009, agricultural sector income is expected to reach $4.5 billion.
• Dairy revenue will continue to expand in the March 2006 year, largely reflecting a rise in milk solids
production from 1.21 million litres in the previous season to 1.25 in the current season.
• Lamb numbers are expected to reach 33.5 million head again this season, while lamb slaughtering should rise to
around 25.4 million and 25.6 million head in the 2005 and 2006 seasons.
• Farm gate returns are expected to be around $4.00 per kilogram of milk solids in the June 2006 year, down from
$4.55 this year.
• The outlook for horticultural crops, with the exception of wine and to a lesser extent, kiwifruit, remains
• Forestry harvesting is set to rise from a current 19 million cubic metres to potentially 26 million cubic metres
over the next four years. However a lack of co-ordination within parts of the industry, and this, along with
international markets and limited wood manufacturing capacity, may hinder the ability of the industry to add value to
this growing volume of wood.
• Total agriculture, horticulture and forestry exports represent over 60 percent of New Zealand’s total
• Dairy, beef, lamb, venison, wool, forestry products, apples, kiwifruit and wine exports are expected to decline
to $15.5 billion in the March 2006 year, from $15.8 billion in the previous 12 months.
• By March 2009, export receipts for the major commodity groups are expected to expand $2.8 billion to $18.7
billion. Forestry and dairy exports are expected to lift by $1.0 billion and $900 million respectively over the period,
while horticulture (largely wine exports) and meat are expected to rise in value by $550 million and $400 million.
• The average economic growth rate of New Zealand’s trading partners is expected to pick up slightly from current
rates to around 3.5 percent by the middle of next year.